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Cavendish, Sir William (1508–1557), administrator, was born on 1 May 1508, a younger son of Sir Thomas Cavendish (c.1480–1524) of Cavendish, Suffolk, and his wife, Alice, daughter of John Smith or Smyth of Padbrook Hall, Cavendish. Historians of his family like ...

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Godsalve, Sir John (b. in or before 1505, d. 1556), administrator and landowner, was the first son and heir of Thomas Godsalve (d. 1542), registrar of the Norwich consistory court, and his first wife, Joan. Nothing is known of John Godsalve's early schooling. He was admitted to ...

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Gützlaff, Karl Friedrich August [Charles Gutzlaff] (1803–1851), missionary and civil servant, son of Johann Jakob Gützlaff (1767–1825), a tailor, and Maria Elisabeth Gützlaff, née Behneken (1767–1807), was born in Pyritz, province of Pomerania, Prussia, on 8 July 1803. Having attended Pyritz municipal school...

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Heath, Nicholas (1501?–1578), administrator and archbishop of York, is of uncertain origins. His family is supposed to have come from Tamworth in Staffordshire, but a later tradition has him born in London, soon after the beginning of the sixteenth century. The names and status of his parents are unknown. He had a brother, ...

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Hoby, Sir Philip (1504/5–1558), diplomat and administrator, was the first son of William Hoby (d. after 1532), landowner, of Leominster, Herefordshire, and his first wife, Katherine Foster. Sir Thomas Hoby (1530–1566), the courtier and translator, was his half-brother. He came from a Welsh family that settled in ...

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Lestrange [Le Strange], Sir Thomas (c. 1490–1545), landowner and administrator, was the eldest son of Robert Lestrange, esquire (d. 1511), and Anne Lestrange, heir to Sir Thomas Lestrange of Walton, Warwickshire. Upon the death of his father in 1511, when he was in his early twenties, he inherited scattered estates in ...

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Gilbert Laithwaite

revised by Philip Woods

Maffey, John Loader, first Baron Rugby (1877–1969), public servant, was born at 6 High Street, Rugby, on 1 July 1877, the younger son of Thomas Maffey, commercial traveller, and his wife, Mary Penelope, daughter of John Loader, of Thame. He was educated at ...

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Mallet, Sir Louis (1823–1890), civil servant and economist, was born on 16 March 1823 in Hampstead, Middlesex, the second son of John Lewis Mallet (b. 1775) and his second wife, Frances (d. 1851), sister of John Herman Merivale of Barton Place, Exeter...

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Parry, Sir Thomas (b. in or before 1515, d. 1560), administrator, was the son of Sir Henry Vaughan of Tretower, Brecknockshire, and his wife, Gwenllian, daughter of William ap Grono of Brecon. He was born into a much intermarried group of Anglicized Welsh gentry who flourished under the ...

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Perring, William George Arthur (1898–1951), aerodynamicist and government scientist, was born on 16 December 1898 in Gillingham, Kent, the eldest son of John Richard Brooking Perring, a shipwright, and his wife, Alice Johns, both formerly of Devon. In 1913 he commenced a seven-year apprenticeship at the ...

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Sharington, Sir William (c. 1495–1553), administrator and embezzler, was the first son of Thomas Sharington (d. 1527?) of Norfolk and his wife, Katherine, daughter and heir of William Pyrton of Little Bentley, Essex. Despite the obscurity of his early years, it seems clear that two men were instrumental in his rise to importance: ...

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Weir, William Douglas, first Viscount Weir (1877–1959), industrialist and public servant, was born on 12 May 1877, in a top flat at Albert Crescent, Crosshill, Glasgow, the eldest of three children of James Weir (1842/3–1920), and his wife, Mary, formerly Richmond (1848–1931), daughter of ...

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Wentworth, Thomas, second Baron Wentworth and de jure seventh Baron Le Despenser (1525–1584), soldier and administrator, was the eldest of at least eight sons and the heir of Thomas Wentworth, first Baron Wentworth (1501–1551), nobleman, and his wife, Margaret (d. 1551), elder daughter and coheir of ...

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Wriothesley, Thomas, first earl of Southampton (1505–1550), administrator, was the grandson of John Writhe, Garter king of arms, nephew of Sir Thomas Wriothesley, his successor, and cousin of Charles Wriothesley, who became Windsor herald. His father, William, like his brother Thomas, adopted Wriothesley...