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Askwith, George Ranken, Baron Askwith (1861–1942), industrial arbitrator and civil servant, was born at Waltham Abbey, Essex, on 17 February 1861, the second but eldest surviving son of William Harrison Askwith (1811–1897), colonel (later general) in the Royal Artillery, and formerly superintendent of the royal gunpowder factories at ...

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Citrine, Walter McLennan, first Baron Citrine (1887–1983), trade unionist and public servant, was born on 22 August 1887 in Liverpool, the second of three sons and third of five children of Alfred Citrine (1852–1937), seaman, of Liverpool, and his wife, Isabella (b...

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Drummond, George (1687–1766), accountant-general of excise in Scotland and local politician, was born on 27 June 1687, probably at Edinburgh, although in some accounts his place of birth is given as Newton Castle in Perthshire, where his father had business and family connections. He was one of at least three children of the factor and merchant ...

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Duncan, Sir Andrew Rae (1884–1952), industrial administrator and public servant, was born at Bower Lodge, Waterside, Irvine, Ayrshire, on 3 June 1884, one of eight children of George Duncan, a missionary and social worker, and his wife, Jessie Rae. He was educated at ...

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Hawley, John, the elder (c. 1350–1408), pirate, merchant, and administrator, of Dartmouth, Devon, was the younger son of the first John Hawley who settled in Dartmouth some time before 1340. Hawley was elected mayor for the first time in 1374—the beginning of a career which would make him the richest and most important man in ...

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Leman, Sir John (1544–1632), merchant and mayor of London, was born at Saxlingham, Norfolk, a younger son of John Leman of Beccles in Suffolk and the neighbouring Norfolk village of Gillingham, and his wife, Mary, the daughter of John Alston of Pevenham in ...

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MacGregor, John (1797–1857), civil servant and free-trader, was born at Drynie, near Stornoway, the eldest son of David MacGregor and Janet Ross. He had at least two brothers. In 1803 his parents took him to Canada, where they lived in Nova Scotia before moving to ...

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Mackintosh, Harold Vincent, first Viscount Mackintosh of Halifax (1891–1964), confectionery manufacturer and public administrator, was born in King's Cross Lane, Halifax, Yorkshire, on 8 June 1891, the eldest of three sons, all destined to enter the confectionery business founded by their father, John Mackintosh (1868–1920)...

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Plowden, Edwin Noel Auguste, Baron Plowden (1907–2001), industrialist and public servant, was born on 6 January 1907 at the Mansion House, Strachur, Argyll, the second of three sons and second of four children of Roger Herbert Plowden (1853–1921), banker and landed proprietor, and his second wife, ...

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Simon, Ernest Emil Darwin, first Baron Simon of Wythenshawe (1879–1960), industrialist, politician, and public servant, was born in Didsbury, Manchester, on 9 October 1879, the eldest son of Henry Simon (1835–1899), industrialist, and his second wife, Emily Stoehr (1858–1920). Henry Simon had been born in ...

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Smyth [formerly Smith], Robert Brough (1830–1889), civil servant and mining engineer, was born on 18 February 1830 at Carville, near Wallsend, Northumberland, the son of Edward Smith, coal viewer (or mining engineer), and his wife, Elizabeth, née Brough. He was baptized at ...

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Spencer, Sir John (d. 1610), merchant and lord mayor of London, was the son of Richard Spencer of Waldingfield in Suffolk, but details of his family background and early years are not known. There is no record of his London apprenticeship or freedom, but he entered the livery of the ...

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Tennant [née Abraham], Margery Mary Edith Josephine Pia [May] (1869–1946), factory inspector, was born on 5 April 1869 in Rathgar, co. Dublin, the only daughter of Dr George Whitley Abraham, lawyer, and his wife, Margaret Curtin.

May Abraham was educated privately, mainly by her father, and never achieved any formal qualification. Although brought up a Roman Catholic, she later joined the ...

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Weir, William Douglas, first Viscount Weir (1877–1959), industrialist and public servant, was born on 12 May 1877, in a top flat at Albert Crescent, Crosshill, Glasgow, the eldest of three children of James Weir (1842/3–1920), and his wife, Mary, formerly Richmond (1848–1931), daughter of ...

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Whitelegge, Sir (Benjamin) Arthur (1852–1933), factory inspector, was born on 17 October 1852 in Manchester, the son of Henry Whitelegge, gentleman, of Tideswell, Derbyshire, and his wife, Ann Mason Carrington, of Carrington Hall, Cheshire. He was educated at Tideswell grammar school and from 1870 at ...