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Arnold, Matthew (1822–1888), poet, writer, and inspector of schools, was born at Laleham-on-Thames, Middlesex, on 24 December 1822, the eldest son and second of the nine surviving children of the Revd Thomas Arnold (1795–1842) and Mary Penrose Arnold (1791–1873). Thomas Arnold had been a fellow of ...

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Brigstocke [née Brown], Heather Renwick, Baroness Brigstocke (1929–2004), headmistress and public servant, was born on 2 September 1929 at Upton Lodge nursing home, Alpha Road, Birchington, Kent, the elder daughter of Flying Officer (later Squadron Leader) John Renwick Brown, and his wife, ...

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Buchanan, George (1506–1582), poet, historian, and administrator, was born about 1 February 1506 at a farm called The Moss in Killearn parish, Stirlingshire, the fifth of eight children of Thomas Buchanan (d. c.1512) and Agnes Heriot, traditionally said to be of the ...

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Curtis, Dame Myra (1886–1971), civil servant and college head, was born on 2 October 1886 at 11 Belle Vue Road, Sunderland, co. Durham, one of three daughters of George Curtis, a telegraphist in the Post Office, and his wife, Annie Johnson, an elementary school teacher. Her forebears were north-country working-class, and she was brought up in a hard-working, close-knit family, which valued education. As a young girl she attended ...

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Elphinstone, William (1431–1514), administrator, bishop of Aberdeen, and founder of the University of Aberdeen, was probably born in Glasgow. His father, also named William, was a younger son of Sir William Elphinstone of Pittendreich, Stirlingshire, but by 1430 had embarked upon an ecclesiastical career and had thereby committed his son to the illegitimate state. The ...

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Fox [Foxe], Richard (1447/8–1528), administrator, bishop of Winchester, and founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, was born at Pullocks Manor, Ropsley, near Grantham, Lincolnshire. He gave his age as seventy-nine in April 1527, indicating that he was born in 1447 or 1448.

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Franks, Oliver Shewell, Baron Franks (1905–1992), philosopher and public servant, was born on 16 February 1905 at Woodbrooke settlement, Selly Oak, Birmingham, the elder son and oldest of four children of the Revd Dr Robert Sleightholme Franks (1871–1964), scholar and theologian, and his wife, ...

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Gomme, Sir (George) Laurence (1853–1916), public servant and folklorist, was born on 18 December 1853 at 3 Cecil Street, Stepney, London, the second of ten children of William Laurence Gomme (1828–1887), a civil engineer, and his wife, Mary Annie, née Hall (1831–1921). On 31 March 1875 he married ...

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Graham, George (1801–1888), civil servant, was born at Arthuret, Cumberland, on 13 September 1801, the third son and third of the seven children of Sir James Graham of Netherby, first baronet (1761–1824), and his wife, Lady Catherine Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, seventh earl of Gallway...

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Hooker [Vowell], John (c. 1527–1601), antiquary and civic administrator, was born at Bourbridge Hall, Exeter, the second son of Robert Vowell or Hooker of Exeter (b. in or before 1466, d. 1537) and his third wife, Agnes Doble (1502?–1537) of Woodbridge, Suffolk...

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Lee, Sir Frank Godbould (1903–1971), civil servant and college head, was born at Colchester, Essex, on 26 August 1903, the eldest of three children and the only son of Joseph Godbould Lee and his wife, Florence Brown. Both parents were schoolteachers, and they soon moved to ...

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Lucas, Sir Charles Prestwood (1853–1931), civil servant, historian, and geographer, was born at Glanyrafon, Crickhowell, Brecknockshire, on 7 August 1853. He was the fourth and youngest son of Henry John Lucas MD, of Glanyrafon and his wife, Elisabeth, daughter of George Bevan, vicar of ...

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Macdonald, Sir George (1862–1940), classical scholar and civil servant, was born at Elgin on 30 January 1862, the third son of James Macdonald, a master at Elgin Academy and an antiquary, and his wife, Margaret Raff. He was educated at Ayr Academy, of which his father was then rector, and at ...

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Merton, Walter of (c. 1205–1277), administrator, bishop of Rochester, and founder of Merton College, Oxford, was the son of William Cook (le Kuk, le Keu) of Basingstoke, Hampshire, and in his early years was known as Walter of Basingstoke. His father, who died ...

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Mildmay, Sir Walter (1520/21–1589), administrator and founder of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, was born in 1520 or 1521 (a portrait of him painted in 1574 states his age to be fifty-three), the youngest of five sons of Thomas Mildmay (c.1488/9–1551), a mercer of ...

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Neill, Francis Patrick (Pat), Baron Neill of Bladen (1926–2016), barrister, public servant, and college head, was born on 8 August 1926 at 12 Gainsborough Gardens, Hampstead, London, the youngest of four children (a daughter and three sons) of Sir Thomas Neill...

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Rassam, Hormuzd (1826–1910), archaeologist and civil servant, was born in Mosul, Mesopotamia, then within the Ottoman empire, afterwards in northern Iraq. He was the youngest son and eighth child of Antun and Theresa Rassam, who were members of Mosul's Christian Chaldean community, his father being archdeacon of the uniate ...

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Shuttleworth, Sir James Phillips Kay-, first baronet (1804–1877), civil servant and educationist, was born James Phillips Kay on 20 July 1804 in Rochdale, Lancashire, the eldest of the six children of Robert Kay (1768-1834), cotton merchant, and his wife, Hannah née Phillips (1780-1835)...

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Smith, Sir Hubert Llewellyn (1864–1945), civil servant and social investigator, was born in Bristol on 17 April 1864. Of middle-class Quaker extraction, he was the youngest son of Samuel Wyatt Smith, a partner in a wholesale tea business, and his wife, Louisa, daughter of ...