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Chadwick, Sir Edwin (1800–1890), social reformer and civil servant, was born at Longsight, near Manchester, on 24 January 1800. Surprisingly little is known of his early life, and of his mother nothing, except that she died in the infancy of her only son. His father, ...

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Clayton, John (1792–1890), civic leader and antiquary, was born on 10 June 1792 at Newcastle upon Tyne, the fourth child and third son of Nathaniel Clayton (1760–1832), town clerk and solicitor, and his wife, Dorothy, née Atkinson (1764–1827), daughter of George and Bridget Atkinson...

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Deedes, Sir Wyndham Henry (1883–1956), army officer, civil administrator, and social worker, was born on 10 March 1883 at 19 Westbourne Place, Belgravia, London, the second son of Colonel Herbert George Deedes, assistant under-secretary of state for war, and his wife, Rose Eleanor (...

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Elphinstone, William (1431–1514), administrator, bishop of Aberdeen, and founder of the University of Aberdeen, was probably born in Glasgow. His father, also named William, was a younger son of Sir William Elphinstone of Pittendreich, Stirlingshire, but by 1430 had embarked upon an ecclesiastical career and had thereby committed his son to the illegitimate state. The ...

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Fox [Foxe], Richard (1447/8–1528), administrator, bishop of Winchester, and founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, was born at Pullocks Manor, Ropsley, near Grantham, Lincolnshire. He gave his age as seventy-nine in April 1527, indicating that he was born in 1447 or 1448.

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Jenkins [née Morris], Dame (Mary) Jennifer, Lady Jenkins of Hillhead (1921–2017), conservationist and public servant, was born at 2 Hall Bank, Buxton, Derbyshire, on 18 January 1921, the daughter of Sir (George) Parker Morris (1891–1972) and his wife, ...

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Jones, Thomas (1870–1955), civil servant and benefactor, was born on 27 September 1870 in the valley town of Rhymni, a pocket of Welsh-language culture in north-west Monmouthshire. He was the first of the nine children of David Benjamin Jones (d. 1919) and his wife, ...

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Large, Sir Peter (1931–2005), civil servant and campaigner for the rights of disabled people, was born on 16 October 1931 at 100 Hawkeys Lane, Tynemouth, the son of Rosslyn Victor Large (d. 1955), bank clerk, later a principal at the Bank of England...

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Merton, Walter of (c. 1205–1277), administrator, bishop of Rochester, and founder of Merton College, Oxford, was the son of William Cook (le Kuk, le Keu) of Basingstoke, Hampshire, and in his early years was known as Walter of Basingstoke. His father, who died ...

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Oliver [née Joseph], Dame Beryl Carnegy (1882–1972), charity worker and administrator, was born Beryl Carnegy Joseph on 20 August 1882 in Australia. She was the only daughter of Francis Edward Joseph, gentleman, who later adopted the surname of his wife, Isabella Eliza Butter Carnegy (...

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Smith, Sir Hubert Llewellyn (1864–1945), civil servant and social investigator, was born in Bristol on 17 April 1864. Of middle-class Quaker extraction, he was the youngest son of Samuel Wyatt Smith, a partner in a wholesale tea business, and his wife, Louisa, daughter of ...

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Stevenson, Sir Daniel Macaulay, baronet (1851–1944), civic administrator and philanthropist, was born in Glasgow on 1 August 1851, the second of the seven children of John Stevenson (1823–1913), engineer, and his wife, Jessie Macaulay (d. 1880). His maternal grandfather, Daniel Macaulay, power-loom tenter and pioneering ...

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Tennant [née Abraham], Margery Mary Edith Josephine Pia [May] (1869–1946), factory inspector, was born on 5 April 1869 in Rathgar, co. Dublin, the only daughter of Dr George Whitley Abraham, lawyer, and his wife, Margaret Curtin.

May Abraham was educated privately, mainly by her father, and never achieved any formal qualification. Although brought up a Roman Catholic, she later joined the ...

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Tuck [née McDermott], Mary (1928–1996), social scientist and civil servant, was born on 5 May 1928 in St Helens, Lancashire, the daughter of Stephen McDermott (1883–1929) and his wife, Theresa, née Taylor (1896–1982), both schoolteachers. Her father had been born in Ireland...

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Whitelegge, Sir (Benjamin) Arthur (1852–1933), factory inspector, was born on 17 October 1852 in Manchester, the son of Henry Whitelegge, gentleman, of Tideswell, Derbyshire, and his wife, Ann Mason Carrington, of Carrington Hall, Cheshire. He was educated at Tideswell grammar school and from 1870 at ...