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Arundel [Fitzalan], Thomas (1353–1414), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was the third son of Richard (II) Fitzalan, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), and his wife, Eleanor (d. 1372), the daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster, and widow of ...

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Beckington [Bekynton], Thomas (1390?–1465), administrator and bishop of Bath and Wells, was the son of a weaver from Beckington, Somerset. He was admitted as a scholar to Winchester College in 1403, nominated a scholar of New College, Oxford, in 1406, and held a fellowship at ...

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Bury [Aungerville], Richard (1287–1345), administrator and bishop of Durham, was the son of Sir Richard d'Aungerville of Willoughby, Leicestershire. He was born on 24 January 1287 near Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (whence his name). After the death of his father he was raised and educated by his uncle, ...

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Chichele, Henry (c. 1362–1443), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was born about 1362, a date deducible from his statement in 1442 that he was then aged eighty or thereabouts. He was the third son of Thomas Chichele, burgess and perhaps draper of Higham Ferrers, Northamptonshire...

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Cranley, Thomas (c. 1337–1417), archbishop of Dublin and administrator, probably came from Cranleigh in Surrey. He was a student at Oxford and proceeded to the degree of doctor in divinity, his name first appearing in 1366, as a fellow of Merton College. He was ordained by ...

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Edington, William (d. 1366), administrator and bishop of Winchester, was the son of Roger and Amice of Edington near Westbury, Wiltshire. Claims that he was educated at Oxford have no substance, and he was never given an academic title in contemporary records. However, he was first taken up by ...

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Elphinstone, William (1431–1514), administrator, bishop of Aberdeen, and founder of the University of Aberdeen, was probably born in Glasgow. His father, also named William, was a younger son of Sir William Elphinstone of Pittendreich, Stirlingshire, but by 1430 had embarked upon an ecclesiastical career and had thereby committed his son to the illegitimate state. The ...

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Flambard, Ranulf (c. 1060–1128), administrator and bishop of Durham, was of humble birth.

Orderic Vitalis, who devotes most space to explaining his rise, says that he was of poor and obscure stock, the son of ...

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Fox [Foxe], Richard (1447/8–1528), administrator, bishop of Winchester, and founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, was born at Pullocks Manor, Ropsley, near Grantham, Lincolnshire. He gave his age as seventy-nine in April 1527, indicating that he was born in 1447 or 1448.

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Giffard, Godfrey (1235?–1302), administrator and bishop of Worcester, was the second son of Hugh Giffard of Boyton in Wiltshire, a royal justice, and Sybil, daughter and coheir of Walter de Cormeilles. His elder brother, Walter Giffard (d. 1279), became archbishop of York...

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Grubb, Sir Kenneth George (1900–1980), missionary and public servant, was born on 9 September 1900 in Oxton, Nottinghamshire, the youngest in the family of three sons and one daughter of the rector of the village, Harry Percy Grubb, and his wife, Margaret Adelaide Crichton-Stuart...

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Gützlaff, Karl Friedrich August [Charles Gutzlaff] (1803–1851), missionary and civil servant, son of Johann Jakob Gützlaff (1767–1825), a tailor, and Maria Elisabeth Gützlaff, née Behneken (1767–1807), was born in Pyritz, province of Pomerania, Prussia, on 8 July 1803. Having attended Pyritz municipal school...

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Heath, Nicholas (1501?–1578), administrator and archbishop of York, is of uncertain origins. His family is supposed to have come from Tamworth in Staffordshire, but a later tradition has him born in London, soon after the beginning of the sixteenth century. The names and status of his parents are unknown. He had a brother, ...

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Kemp [Kempe], John (1380/81–1454), administrator, cardinal, and archbishop of York and of Canterbury, was born at Olantigh by Wye, near Ashford, Kent, perhaps the second son of Thomas Kemp (d. 1428), sometime escheator of the county, and Beatrice, daughter of Sir Thomas Lewknor...

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Merton, Walter of (c. 1205–1277), administrator, bishop of Rochester, and founder of Merton College, Oxford, was the son of William Cook (le Kuk, le Keu) of Basingstoke, Hampshire, and in his early years was known as Walter of Basingstoke. His father, who died ...

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Morton, John (d. 1500), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was born in Dorset, at either Bere Regis or Milborne St Andrew, the son of Richard Morton, whose own father had migrated from Nottinghamshire to the south-west. John's uncle served as MP for Shaftesbury...

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Stratford, John (c. 1275–1348), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was probably born at Stratford upon Avon into a prosperous burgher family.

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Sudbury, Simon (c. 1316–1381), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was born at East Dereham in Norfolk, the second son of Nigel Thebaud and his wife, Elizabeth. His father was a wealthy merchant of woollen cloths and furs, who received an esquire's livery from ...

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Waltham, John (d. 1395), administrator and bishop of Salisbury, was born at Waltham near Grimsby, Lincolnshire, where his parents, John (an esquire) and Margaret, owned the principal manor. He was a younger son. Among many identifiable kin (for he was born into a tight clan) were two uncles, ...

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Warham, William (1450?–1532), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was born in Church Oakley, Hampshire. A later archbishop of Canterbury, Matthew Parker (d. 1575), said that this predecessor was of gentle birth, but Warham's origins were not distinguished. An uncle, Thomas, was a carpenter (but also a citizen of ...