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Anderson, John, first Viscount Waverley (1882–1958), civil service administrator and politician, was born at 1 Livingstone Place, Edinburgh, on 8 July 1882, the only surviving son of David Alexander Pearson Anderson (1855–1948), a fancy stationer who later became a director of a well-known firm of printers and publishers, ...

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Craggs, James, the elder (bap. 1657, d. 1721), politician and government official, was the eldest son of Anthony Craggs (d. 1680?) of Holbeck, in Wolsingham parish, Durham, and Anne (1628–1672), daughter of the Revd Ferdinando Morecroft, rector of Stanhope in Wardell, Durham...

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Cromwell, Henry (1628–1674), soldier, politician, and lord lieutenant of Ireland, was born on 20 January 1628 at Huntingdon and baptized there at All Saints' Church on 29 January, the fifth of nine children and fourth among the five sons of Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658)...

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Fremantle, Thomas Francis, first Baron Cottesloe, and Baron Fremantle in the nobility of the Austrian empire (1798–1890), politician and civil servant, eldest son of Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle (1765–1819) and his wife, Elizabeth (Betsey) Fremantle (1778–1857), daughter and coheir of Richard Wynne...

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Gargrave, Sir Thomas (1494/5–1579), administrator and speaker of the House of Commons, was born in 1494 or 1495 in Wakefield, the son of Thomas Gargrave and Elizabeth, daughter of William Levett of Normanton. He received a legal education at either Gray's Inn or the ...

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Hooker [Vowell], John (c. 1527–1601), antiquary and civic administrator, was born at Bourbridge Hall, Exeter, the second son of Robert Vowell or Hooker of Exeter (b. in or before 1466, d. 1537) and his third wife, Agnes Doble (1502?–1537) of Woodbridge, Suffolk...

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Johnston, James (1655–1737), politician and government official, was born on 9 September 1655, the younger son of Sir Archibald Johnston, Lord Wariston (bap. 1611, d. 1663), and his second wife, Helen, daughter of Alexander Hay, Lord Fosterseat. Following the execution of his father by the Restoration regime in ...

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Lovell, Sir Thomas (c. 1449–1524), administrator and speaker of the House of Commons, was the son of Ralph Lovell of Beachamwell, a cadet of the Lovells of Barton Bendish, a minor family of Norfolk gentry. Like many men of his station, he sought his fortune through study of the law. He was admitted to ...

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Mackenzie, Kenneth Augustus Muir, Baron Muir Mackenzie (1845–1930), civil servant and politician, was born on 29 June 1845 at Delvine, Perthshire, the fourth son of Sir John William Pitt Muir Mackenzie, second baronet, and his wife, Sophia Matilda, daughter of James Raymond Johnstone...

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Milner, Alfred, Viscount Milner (1854–1925), public servant and politician, was born on 23 March 1854 at Giessen, Hesse, the only son of Mary Ierne (née Ready) and Charles Milner MD, who descended from a Manchester merchant family with interests in the Rhineland...

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Montagu, Edward, first Baron Montagu of Boughton (1562/3–1644), politician and local administrator, was the second son of Sir Edward Montagu (c.1532–1602) of Boughton Castle, in the parish of Weekley, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1542–1618), daughter of Sir James Harington...

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Murray, Katharine Marjory Stewart- [née Katharine Marjory Ramsay], duchess of Atholl (1874–1960), public servant and politician, was born in Edinburgh on 6 November 1874, the eldest of the five children of Sir James Henry Ramsay, tenth baronet (1832–1925), of Bamff, east Perthshire...

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Olivier, Sydney Haldane, Baron Olivier (1859–1943), civil servant, politician, and author, was born at Colchester on 16 April 1859, the second son and the sixth of the ten children of Henry Arnold Olivier (d. 1912), then curate of All Saints, Colchester, and his wife, ...

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Simon, Ernest Emil Darwin, first Baron Simon of Wythenshawe (1879–1960), industrialist, politician, and public servant, was born in Didsbury, Manchester, on 9 October 1879, the eldest son of Henry Simon (1835–1899), industrialist, and his second wife, Emily Stoehr (1858–1920). Henry Simon had been born in ...

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Thomson, George Morgan, Baron Thomson of Monifieth (1921–2008), politician and public servant, was born on 16 January 1921 at 67b Port Street, Stirling, the son of James Thomson, commercial traveller, and his wife, Caroline Reid, née Morgan. His family, of the respectable lower middle class, moved shortly to ...

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Vincent, Sir (Charles Edward) Howard (1849–1908), politician and police administrator, born at Slinfold, Sussex, on 31 May 1849, was the second and eldest surviving son of the five sons of Sir Frederick Vincent, eleventh baronet (1798–1883), rector of Slinfold and prebendary of Chichester Cathedral...