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Alleyn, Edward (1566–1626), actor, theatre entrepreneur, and founder of Dulwich College, was born on 1 September 1566 in the London parish of St Botolph without Bishopsgate, 'near Devonshire House, where now is the sign of the Pye'. He was baptized the following day in the parish church, the son of ...

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Armitt, Mary Louisa (1851–1911), author and founder of the Armitt Library, Ambleside, was born at 19 Melbourne Terrace, Salford, Lancashire, on 24 September 1851. She was the youngest of three daughters of William Armitt (1815–1867), an impecunious assistant overseer who valued learning, and his wife, ...

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Blair, James (1655/6–1743), Church of England clergyman and founder of the College of William and Mary, was the son of Peter Blair (d. 1673), Church of Scotland minister of St Cuthbert's parish, Edinburgh, and his wife, Mary Hamilton (d. in or after 1696)...

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Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was born on 2 March 1545 in a house on the corner of High Street and Gandy Street, Exeter, the eldest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), religious radical and publisher, of ...

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Bullar, John (1778–1864), schoolmaster and campaigner for liberal causes, was born on 27 January 1778 in the parish of Holy Rood, Southampton, probably at 95/96 High Street, the son of John Bullar (1744–1836), peruke maker and hairdresser of Southampton High Street, and his wife, ...

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Dove, Dame (Jane) Frances (1847–1942), founder of Wycombe Abbey School, was born at Bordeaux, France, on 27 June 1847, the eldest of the ten children of the Revd John Thomas Dove (1821–1906), vicar of Cowbit, Lincolnshire, for more than forty years, and chairman of the ...

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Downing, Sir George, third baronet (1685–1749), benefactor of Downing College, Cambridge, was born at East Hatley, Cambridgeshire, the only son of Sir George Downing, second baronet (d. 1711), and Catherine (d. 1688), eldest daughter of James, third earl of Salisbury. His grandfather was ...

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Fitzwilliam, Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), collector, connoisseur, and museum founder, was born on 1 August 1745 in Richmond, Surrey, the son of Richard Fitzwilliam, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam (d. 1776), and his wife Catherine Decker (c.1710–1786), eldest daughter of the Dutch-born merchant and political economist, ...

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Fogerty, Elsie (1865–1945), founder and principal of the Central School of Speech and Drama, was born at Sydenham, London, on 16 December 1865, the daughter of Joseph Fogerty (d. 1899), engineer and architect, of Dublin, and his wife, Hannah Cochrane (d...

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W. W. Wroth

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Ford, James (1779–1850), antiquary and benefactor, born at Canterbury on 31 October 1779, was the eldest son of the Revd James Ford (d. 1824), minor canon of Durham and afterwards minor canon of Canterbury, and his wife, Dorothy, third daughter of William Spearman...

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Hale, Warren Stormes (1791–1872), tallow chandler and benefactor, was born on 2 February 1791 at Benington, Hertfordshire, the youngest of eight children of Edward Hale (1754–1791), farmer, and his wife, Edith, née Warren (1750–1808). Before he was a year old his father died, and in 1805 ...

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Mansbridge, Albert (1876–1952), founder of the Workers' Educational Association, was born in Albert Cottages, India House Lane, Gloucester, on 10 January 1876, the youngest of the four sons of Thomas Mansbridge (d. 1911) and his wife, Frances Thomas (d. 1902). The family, active co-operators and Congregationalists, moved to ...

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Morden, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1623, d. 1708), founder of Morden College, Blackheath, son of George Morden (d. 1624), stocking seller and freeman of the Goldsmiths' Company, and Martha Harris (d. 1623), was baptized at St Bride's, Fleet Street, London, on 13 August 1623. He served an apprenticeship to ...

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Pate, Richard (1516–1588), lawyer and refounder of Cheltenham grammar school, was born on 24 September 1516 and was probably the son of Walter Pate of Cheltenham, a prosperous tradesman who was a baker, butcher, and innkeeper (HoP, Commons, 1558–1603, 3.185; Jones, 90...

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Pretty [née Dempster], Edith May (1883–1942), landowner and benefactor, was born on 1 August 1883 at Elland, near Halifax, Yorkshire, the second daughter of Robert Dempster (d. 1925), then a gas engineer employed in his father's company, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Radcliffe [née Sidney], Frances, countess of Sussex (1531?–1589), benefactor of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, was reputedly born in 1531, the fourth daughter of Sir William Sidney (c. 1482–1554) [see under Sidney, Sir Henry (1529-1586)] and his wife, Anne (...

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Rustat, Tobias (bap. 1608, d. 1694), courtier and benefactor, was baptized on 17 September 1608 in Barrow-on-Soar, Leicestershire, the last of seven children of the Revd Robert Rustat (1567–1637) and Alice Snoden (d. 1660?), sister of Robert Snoden, bishop of Carlisle. Heraldic evidence suggests the name ...

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Smithson [formerly Macie], James Lewis (1764–1829), mineralogist and benefactor, was born Jacques Louis Macie in Paris in early 1764, the illegitimate son of a long-term liaison between Hugh Percy (formerly Smithson), second earl and later first duke of Northumberland (bap. 1712, d. 1786)...

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Wadham [née Petre], Dorothy (1534/5–1618), founder of Wadham College, Oxford, was the second and eldest surviving child of Sir William Petre (1505/6–1572), then a civil and canon lawyer in the service of the crown, and of his wife, Gertrude (d. 1541)...

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Wadham, Nicholas (1531/2–1609), benefactor of Wadham College, Oxford, was probably born at the family seat, Merrifield, near Ilton, Somerset, the only son of John Wadham (d. 1578) and his wife, Joan (d. 1583), daughter of John Tregarthin and widow of John Kellaway...