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Bebb [married name Thomson], Gwyneth Marjory (1889–1921), campaigner for women's admission to the legal profession, was born at Brasenose House, High Street, Oxford, on 27 October 1889, the second daughter and third of the seven children of Llewellyn John Montfort Bebb DD (1862–1915)...

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Benenson, Peter James Henry (1921–2005), barrister and human rights campaigner, was born on 31 July 1921 at 6 Albert Court, Knightsbridge, London, the only child of Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Josiah Solomon (1885–1930), army officer, and his wife, Flora (1895–1984), daughter of the Jewish Russian banker ...

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Cadbury, Dame Geraldine Southall (1865–1941), social and penal reformer, was born Geraldine Southall at 5 Highfield Road, Edgbaston, on 29 June 1865, the daughter of Alfred Southall (1838–1931), chemist, and his wife, Anna Strangman, née Grubb (1841–1912). She inherited a propensity for social activism from her Quaker parents; her father was a temperance worker who taught a working men's adult school class, while her Irish mother was a supporter of women's suffrage. She was educated at ...

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Fry [née Gurney], Elizabeth (1780–1845), penal reformer and philanthropist, was born on 21 May 1780 at Magdalen Street, Norwich, the fourth of twelve children, seven daughters and five sons, of John Gurney (1749–1809), a merchant and banker, and Catherine Bell (1754–1792). Her parents were both descendants of old Quaker families, ...

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Glaister, John (1856–1932), expert in medical jurisprudence and public health, was born on 9 March 1856 in the county town of Lanark, the eldest of four children born to Joseph Glaister (1830–1871) and Marion Hamilton Weir (1832–1871), small property owners, grocers, and spirit merchants. ...

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E. R. Norman

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Ludlow, John Malcolm Forbes (1821–1911), lawyer and social activist, was born in Neemuch, India, on 8 March 1821, the youngest in the family of two sons and three daughters of Lieutenant-Colonel John Ludlow of the East India Company, and his wife, Maria Jane...

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Lyons, (Isidore) Jack (1916–2008), businessman, philanthropist, and convicted fraudster, was born in Leeds on 1 February 1916, the fifth of six children of Samuel Henry Lyons (1883/4–1959), businessman, and his wife, Sophie, née Niman (1885–1971). His immediate elder brother, Bernard Lyons (1913–2008...

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Narayan, Rahasya Rudra [Rudy] (1938–1998), barrister and civil rights activist, was born on 11 May 1938 in British Guiana, the ninth of ten children of Sase Narayan, landowner, and his wife, Taijbertie. He came from a politically active Indo-Guyanese family, engaged mainly in trading. He arrived in ...

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G. Le G. Norgate

revised by Stephen M. Lee

Neild, James (1744–1814), penal reformer and philanthropist, was born on 24 May 1744 at Knutsford, Cheshire. His father's death left his mother to support Neild and his four siblings by continuing her business as a linen draper. After a very brief education Neild...

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Normanton, Helena Florence (1882–1957), barrister and feminist campaigner, was born on 14 December 1882 in London, the eldest of two daughters of William Alexander Normanton (1853–1886), pianoforte manufacturer, and his wife, Jane Amelia (1850–1900), daughter of Thomas Williams Marshall and his wife, Harriet...

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Pate, Richard (1516–1588), lawyer and refounder of Cheltenham grammar school, was born on 24 September 1516 and was probably the son of Walter Pate of Cheltenham, a prosperous tradesman who was a baker, butcher, and innkeeper (HoP, Commons, 1558–1603, 3.185; Jones, 90...

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Paul, Sir George Onesiphorus, second baronet (1746–1820), prison reformer and philanthropist, was born on 9 February 1746 at Woodchester, Gloucestershire, the son of Sir Onesiphorus Paul, first baronet (bap. 1706, d. 1774), a successful woollen manufacturer, and his first wife, Jane (c...

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Sorabji, Cornelia (1866–1954), barrister and social reformer, was born at Nasik in the Bombay Presidency, India, on 15 November 1866, the fifth daughter of the Revd Sorabji Karsedji, a Parsi Christian convert, and his wife, Franscina Ford, who had been brought up by an English couple. The ...

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Stephen, James (1758–1832), lawyer and slavery abolitionist, was born on 30 June 1758 at Poole, Dorset, the second of seven children of James Stephen (bap. 1733, d. 1779), dealer and conveyancer, and his wife, Sibella (1738–1775), daughter of William Milner. He attended a series of schools, most of them for only brief periods of time on account of his father's indebtedness. In 1773 he was sent to ...

Article

F. H. Brown

revised by Jim Masselos

Tyabji, Badruddin (1844–1906), judge and reformer in India, was born at Bombay on 10 October 1844, the eighth of ten children and the fifth of six sons of a Cambay merchant, Tyab Ali (also known as Tyabji Bhai Mian; 1803–1863), and his wife, ...

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Vickers, Sir (Charles) Geoffrey (1894–1982), lawyer and social theorist, was born on 13 October 1894 in Nottingham, the youngest child in the family of two sons and a daughter of Charles Henry Vickers, a lace maker, and his wife, Jessie Lomas. Educated at ...