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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician  

Barbara C. Murison

Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

Article

Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner  

Roland Thorne

Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner, was born at Walcot, Oxfordshire, on 9 August 1757, first-born of two sons and five daughters of Francis Basset (1715–1769), MP and landowner, of Tehidy, Cornwall, and his wife, Margaret...

Article

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician  

David L. Smith

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician, was the eldest of three illegitimate sons of Charles Blount, earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), and Lady Penelope Rich (1563–1607), daughter of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex; his parents were eventually to marry, contrary to canon law, in 1605. He was the half-brother of ...

Article

Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician  

Clare Jackson

Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician, was the second son of Sir George Bruce (d. 1643) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. In 1645 Bruce matriculated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews...

Article

Burke [de Burgh], Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658), landowner and politician  

Jane Ohlmeyer

Burke [de Burgh], Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658), landowner and politician, was the only son of Richard de Burgh, fourth earl of Clanricarde (1572–1635), and his wife, Frances (d. 1632), daughter and heir of Sir Francis Walsingham and widow of Sir Philip Sidney...

Article

Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors  

David Cannadine

Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors, sustained for almost exactly 200 years a significant territorial link with the city, in ways, and to an extent, that have not been true of any other local dynasty in modern times, and those links continued throughout the twentieth century....

Article

Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician  

John Callow

Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

Article

Campbell, Archibald, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), nobleman and politician  

David Stevenson

Campbell, Archibald, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), nobleman and politician, was born between August 1605 and April 1607, the son of Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), and his first wife, Lady Anne Douglas (1574–1607), daughter of William Douglas, sixth earl of Morton...

Article

Campbell, Archibald, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685), politician and clan leader  

David Stevenson

Campbell, Archibald, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685), politician and clan leader, was born on 26 February 1629 at Newbattle Abbey, Edinburghshire, the son of Archibald Campbell, Lord Lorne and later eighth earl and marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), and his wife, Lady Margaret (1610–1678)...

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Campbell, John [called Iain Glas], first earl of Breadalbane and Holland (1634–1717), magnate and politician  

Paul Hopkins

Campbell, John [called Iain Glas], first earl of Breadalbane and Holland (1634–1717), magnate and politician, was born on 29 May 1634 at Stronmillochan, Glenorchy, Argyll, the eldest son of Sir John Campbell of Glenorchy, fourth baronet (d. 1686), and his first wife, ...

Article

Carrington, Charles Robert Wynn- [formerly Charles Robert Carington], third Baron Carrington and marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928), politician and landowner  

Andrew Adonis

Carrington, Charles Robert Wynn- [formerly Charles Robert Carington], third Baron Carrington and marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928), politician and landowner, was born in Whitehall, London, on 16 May 1843, the elder son of Robert John Carrington, formerly Smith (1796–1868), second Baron Carrington...

Article

Catesby, William (b. in or before 1446, d. 1485), royal councillor and speaker of the House of Commons  

Rosemary Horrox

Catesby, William (b. in or before 1446, d. 1485), royal councillor and speaker of the House of Commons, was the son of Sir William Catesby (d. 1478/9) of Ashby St Ledgers [see under Catesby family] and his first wife, Philippa Bishopestone...

Article

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier  

Pauline Croft

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier, was born on 1 June 1563 at Cecil House, Strand, Westminster, the second surviving child and only son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), statesman, then secretary of state and from 1572 lord treasurer, and his second wife, ...

Article

Clinton, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-, fourth duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1785–1851), landowner and politician  

H. C. G. Matthew

Clinton, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-, fourth duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1785–1851), landowner and politician, was the elder son of Thomas Pelham-Clinton, third duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1752–1795), and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Stanhope (1760–1834), fifth daughter of William Stanhope, second earl of Harrington...

Article

Cowper, Francis Thomas de Grey, seventh Earl Cowper (1834–1905), politician and landowner  

Allen Warren

Cowper, Francis Thomas de Grey, seventh Earl Cowper (1834–1905), politician and landowner, was born on 11 June 1834 in Berkeley Square, London. Styled Viscount Fordwich until he succeeded to his father's title, he was the eldest in the family of two sons and four daughters of ...

Article

Crawford, William Sharman (1781–1861), politician and landlord in Ireland  

Sidney Lee

revised by Alan O'Day

Crawford, William Sharman (1781–1861), politician and landlord in Ireland, was the eldest son of William Sharman (d. 1803), of Moira Castle, co. Down, a protestant landowner, MP for Lisburn (1783–90), and colonel of a union regiment of volunteers. His mother was Arminella...

Article

Douglas, Charles, third duke of Queensberry and second duke of Dover (1698–1778), courtier and politician  

William C. Lowe

Douglas, Charles, third duke of Queensberry and second duke of Dover (1698–1778), courtier and politician, the son of James Douglas, second duke of Queensberry and first duke of Dover (1662–1711), and his wife, Mary Boyle (1670/71–1709), daughter of Charles, Lord Clifford, was born at ...

Article

Douglas, William, seventh earl of Morton (1582–1648), politician and nobleman  

J. R. M. Sizer

Douglas, William, seventh earl of Morton (1582–1648), politician and nobleman, was the son of Robert Douglas of Lochleven (d. 1585) and Jean Lyon (d. 1608×10), daughter of John Lyon, eighth Lord Glamis (c. 1544–1578). Following his father's death in March 1585 his mother married ...

Article

Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634), courtier and politician  

Julian Goodare

Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of John Erskine, seventeenth or first earl of Mar (d. 1572), and his wife, Annabella Murray (d. 1603). His extensive estates were mainly in Stirlingshire...

Article

Fitzgerald, James, first duke of Leinster (1722–1773), politician and landowner  

Eoin Magennis

Fitzgerald, James, first duke of Leinster (1722–1773), politician and landowner, was born on 29 May 1722 at Carton, co. Kildare, Ireland, the second son but surviving heir of Robert Fitzgerald, nineteenth earl of Kildare (1675–1744), landowner, and Lady Mary O'Brien (1692–1780), eldest daughter of ...