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Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403), daughter of the Hainaulter Sir Payn Roelt, who was governess to the duke's children [...

Article

Douglas, James, fourth earl of Morton (c. 1516–1581), regent and chancellor of Scotland  

G. R. Hewitt

Douglas, James, fourth earl of Morton (c. 1516–1581), regent and chancellor of Scotland, was the second son of Sir George Douglas, master of Angus (1490?–1552), of Pittendreich, near Elgin, Moray, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. c.1560), only daughter of David Douglas...

Article

Geoffrey (1151?–1212), archbishop of York  

Marie Lovatt

Geoffrey (1151?–1212), archbishop of York, was the illegitimate son of Henry II. He was probably named after his paternal grandfather, Geoffrey of Anjou (d. 1151).

Geoffrey's date of birth is suggested by indirect evidence. ...

Article

Hamilton, James, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575), magnate and governor of Scotland  

Marcus Merriman

Hamilton, James, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575), magnate and governor of Scotland, was born at Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Hamilton, first earl of Arran (1475?–1529), and his second wife, Janet Beaton (...

Article

Leslie, John, duke of Rothes (c. 1630–1681), politician and nobleman  

Gillian H. MacIntosh

Leslie, John, duke of Rothes (c. 1630–1681), politician and nobleman, was the only son of John Leslie, sixth earl of Rothes (c. 1600–1641), and his wife, Lady Anne Erskine (d. 1640), daughter of John Erskine, earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634). Following his father's death on 23 August 1641 he succeeded to the earldom at the age of about eleven. He was placed into the care of his tutors, ...

Article

Sidney, Sir Henry (1529–1586), lord deputy of Ireland and courtier  

Wallace T. MacCaffrey

Sidney, Sir Henry (1529–1586), lord deputy of Ireland and courtier, was the eldest and only surviving son of Sir William Sidney and Anne (d. 1543), daughter of Sir Hugh Pagenham and widow of Thomas Fitzwilliam, elder brother of William Fitzwilliam, earl of Southampton...

Article

Wolsey, Thomas (1470/71–1530), royal minister, archbishop of York, and cardinal  

Sybil M. Jack

Wolsey, Thomas (1470/71–1530), royal minister, archbishop of York, and cardinal, was the son of Robert Wulcy or Wolsey of Ipswich (d. 1496) and his wife, Joan Daundy (d. 1509). Wolsey's father ran a tavern in the parish of St Mary at the Elms, Ipswich...