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Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I  

Maureen M. Meikle and Helen Payne

Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I, was born on 12 December 1574 at Skanderborg Castle in Jutland, Denmark. She was the second daughter of Frederick II (1534–1588), king of Denmark and Norway...

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Anne [Anne of Bohemia] (1366–1394), queen of England, first consort of Richard II  

Nigel Saul

Anne [Anne of Bohemia] (1366–1394), queen of England, first consort of Richard II, was the eldest daughter of the Emperor Charles IV and his fourth wife, Elizabeth of Pomerania. She was born at Prague on 11 May 1366. Little is known of her early life, but it is likely that she received an informal education at court. Her marriage to the ...

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Anne [Anne of Cleves] (1515–1557), queen of England, fourth consort of Henry VIII  

Retha M. Warnicke

Anne [Anne of Cleves] (1515–1557), queen of England, fourth consort of Henry VIII, was the daughter of Johann (III), duke of Juliers-Cleves (1490–1539), and Maria (1491–1543), heir of Juliers (or Jülich). From 1511 Johann ruled Juliers in his wife's right and in 1521 inherited ...

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Caroline [Princess Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach] (1683–1737), queen of Great Britain and Ireland, and electress of Hanover, consort of George II  

Stephen Taylor

Caroline [Princess Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach] (1683–1737), queen of Great Britain and Ireland, and electress of Hanover, consort of George II, was born on 1 March 1683 in the palace of Ansbach, south Germany. She was the elder of the two children of Johann Friedrich, ...

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Catherine [Catherine of Braganza, Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança] (1638–1705), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles II  

S. M. Wynne

Catherine [Catherine of Braganza, Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança] (1638–1705), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles II, was born on 25 November 1638 ns at the Vila Viçosa in Alentejo, Portugal, the third but only surviving daughter of the five children of ...

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Catherine [Catherine of Valois] (1401–1437), queen of England, consort of Henry V  

Michael Jones

Catherine [Catherine of Valois] (1401–1437), queen of England, consort of Henry V, was the youngest daughter of Charles VI of France (r. 1380–1422) and Isabella of Bavaria. She was born at the Hôtel St Pol in Paris on 27 October 1401. Her childhood was clouded by the impoverishment of the royal family and political divisions between the Armagnac and Burgundian factions in ...

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Charlotte [Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz] (1744–1818), queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and queen of Hanover, consort of George III  

Clarissa Campbell Orr

Charlotte [Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz] (1744–1818), queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and queen of Hanover, consort of George III, was born on 19 May 1744 at the palace, Mirow, in the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany, the second daughter of ...

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Provence] (c. 1223–1291), queen of England, consort of Henry III  

Margaret Howell

Eleanor [Eleanor of Provence] (c. 1223–1291), queen of England, consort of Henry III, was born in Provence, the second of four daughters of the count, Raymond-Berengar (V) (1209–1245), and his wife, Béatrice (d. 1265), the daughter of Thomas, count of Savoy. The births of two sons—probably twins—preceded the births of the four daughters, but the boys died very young. The beauty of the daughters, who all became queens, was legendary. ...

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Castile] (1241–1290), queen of England, consort of Edward I  

John Carmi Parsons

Eleanor [Eleanor of Castile] (1241–1290), queen of England, consort of Edward I, was the daughter of Ferdinand III of Castile (1201–1252) and his second wife, Jeanne de Dammartin (d. 1279), heir to the French county of Ponthieu. Ancient claims to Gascony in ...

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George, prince of Denmark and duke of Cumberland (1653–1708), consort of Queen Anne  

W. A. Speck

George, prince of Denmark and duke of Cumberland (1653–1708), consort of Queen Anne, was born, according to an inscription on his coffin plate, at Copenhagen on 2 April 1653, the second son of Frederick III (1609–1670), king of Denmark, and Sophia Amalia (1628–1685)...

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Henrietta Maria [Princess Henrietta Maria of France] (1609–1669), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles I  

Caroline M. Hibbard

Henrietta Maria [Princess Henrietta Maria of France] (1609–1669), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles I, was born at the Louvre Palace in Paris on 16/26 November 1609, the fifth surviving child and youngest daughter of Henri IV, king of France and Navarre...

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Isabella [Isabella of Angoulême], suo jure countess of Angoulême (c. 1188–1246), queen of England, second consort of King John  

Nicholas Vincent

Isabella [Isabella of Angoulême], suo jure countess of Angoulême (c. 1188–1246), queen of England, second consort of King John, was the only child of Audemar, count of Angoulême (d. 1202), and his wife, Adalmues or Alice, widow of Guillaume, count of Jouy...

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Katherine [Catalina, Catherine, Katherine of Aragon] (1485–1536), queen of England, first consort of Henry VIII  

C. S. L. Davies and John Edwards

Katherine [Catalina, Catherine, Katherine of Aragon] (1485–1536), queen of England, first consort of Henry VIII, was born in the archbishop of Toledo's palace at Alcalá de Henares, north-east of Madrid, on 16 December 1485.

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Margaret [Margaret of Anjou] (1430–1482), queen of England, consort of Henry VI  

Diana E. S. Dunn

Margaret [Margaret of Anjou] (1430–1482), queen of England, consort of Henry VI, was born on 23 or 24 March 1430, in France, probably at Pont-à-Mousson or Nancy, in Lorraine. She was the fourth surviving child, and second daughter, of René, duke of Anjou...

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Mary [Mary of Modena] (1658–1718), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James II and VII  

Andrew Barclay

Mary [Mary of Modena] (1658–1718), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James II and VII, was born Maria Beatrice Anna Margherita Isabella d'Este on 25 September/5 October 1658 at the Palazzo Ducale, Modena, Italy, the first of two surviving children of ...

Article

Philippa [Philippa of Hainault] (1310x15?–1369), queen of England, consort of Edward III  

Juliet Vale

Philippa [Philippa of Hainault] (1310x15?–1369), queen of England, consort of Edward III, was born in Hainault, probably at Valenciennes, the daughter of Count William the Good of Hainault and Holland (d. 1337) and Countess Jeanne (d. 1342), granddaughter of Philippe III of France...