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Article

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder  

Barbara Donagan

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys claimed Norman descent and established themselves in Ruislip, Middlesex, in the sixteenth century. In 1618 she married ...

Article

Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner  

Roland Thorne

Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner, was born at Walcot, Oxfordshire, on 9 August 1757, first-born of two sons and five daughters of Francis Basset (1715–1769), MP and landowner, of Tehidy, Cornwall, and his wife, Margaret...

Article

Boyle, Richard, first earl of Cork (1566–1643), landowner and administrator  

Toby Barnard

Boyle, Richard, first earl of Cork (1566–1643), landowner and administrator, was born at Preston, near Faversham in Kent, on 13 October 1566, the second son of Roger Boyle (d. 1576), landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Robert Naylor. Roger Boyle, a cadet of a ...

Article

Carrington, Charles Robert Wynn- [formerly Charles Robert Carington], third Baron Carrington and marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928), politician and landowner  

Andrew Adonis

Carrington, Charles Robert Wynn- [formerly Charles Robert Carington], third Baron Carrington and marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928), politician and landowner, was born in Whitehall, London, on 16 May 1843, the elder son of Robert John Carrington, formerly Smith (1796–1868), second Baron Carrington...

Article

Clinton, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-, fourth duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1785–1851), landowner and politician  

H. C. G. Matthew

Clinton, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-, fourth duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1785–1851), landowner and politician, was the elder son of Thomas Pelham-Clinton, third duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1752–1795), and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Stanhope (1760–1834), fifth daughter of William Stanhope, second earl of Harrington...

Article

Cowper, Francis Thomas de Grey, seventh Earl Cowper (1834–1905), politician and landowner  

Allen Warren

Cowper, Francis Thomas de Grey, seventh Earl Cowper (1834–1905), politician and landowner, was born on 11 June 1834 in Berkeley Square, London. Styled Viscount Fordwich until he succeeded to his father's title, he was the eldest in the family of two sons and four daughters of ...

Article

Fitzwilliam, William Wentworth, second Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Great Britain, and fourth Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Ireland (1748–1833), politician and landowner  

David Wilkinson

Fitzwilliam, William Wentworth, second Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Great Britain, and fourth Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Ireland (1748–1833), politician and landowner, was born William Fitzwilliam at Milton House, near Peterborough, on 30 May 1748, the eldest son of William Fitzwilliam, ...

Article

Grey, Edward, Viscount Grey of Fallodon (1862–1933), politician, countryman, and author  

Keith Robbins

Grey, Edward, Viscount Grey of Fallodon (1862–1933), politician, countryman, and author, was born in London on 25 April 1862, the eldest of the seven children, four sons and three daughters, of Colonel George Henry Grey (1835–1874) and his wife, Harriet Jane (1839–1905), youngest daughter of ...

Article

Grosvenor, Hugh Lupus, first duke of Westminster (1825–1899), landowner, racehorse owner, and politician  

F. M. L. Thompson

Grosvenor, Hugh Lupus, first duke of Westminster (1825–1899), landowner, racehorse owner, and politician, was born on 13 October 1825 at Eaton Hall, Cheshire, the second but first surviving son, and fifth of the thirteen children, of Richard Grosvenor, second marquess of Westminster (1795–1869)...

Article

Grosvenor, Richard, first Earl Grosvenor (1731–1802), politician and landowner  

S. M. Farrell

Grosvenor, Richard, first Earl Grosvenor (1731–1802), politician and landowner, was born on 18 June 1731 at Eaton Hall, Cheshire, the elder son of Sir Robert Grosvenor, sixth baronet (1695–1755), MP for Chester from 1733 to 1755, and Jane (1704/5–1791), daughter of Thomas Warre...

Article

Holles, John, first earl of Clare (d. 1637), landowner and politician  

P. R. Seddon

Holles, John, first earl of Clare (d. 1637), landowner and politician, was the son of Denzel Holles (1538?–1590) and Eleanor, daughter of Edmund, Lord Sheffield. His year of birth is unknown. He matriculated at Christ's College, Cambridge, in 1579, was a fellow-commoner in 1580, and entered ...

Article

Holles, John, duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (1662–1711), landowner and politician  

P. R. Seddon

Holles, John, duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (1662–1711), landowner and politician, was born on 9 January 1662, probably in Nottinghamshire, the eldest son of Gilbert Holles, third earl of Clare (1633–1689), and his wife, Grace (d. 1702), daughter of William Pierrepont of ...

Article

Howard, Charles, third earl of Carlisle (1669–1738), politician and landowner  

Philip Carter

Howard, Charles, third earl of Carlisle (1669–1738), politician and landowner, was born at Naworth, near Carlisle, the eldest son of Edward, second earl of Carlisle (c.1646–1692), and his wife, Elizabeth (1646–1696), the daughter of Sir William Uvedale of Wickham, Hampshire, and the widow of ...

Article

Lennox, Charles Gordon-, fifth duke of Richmond and fifth duke of Lennox (1791–1860), landowner and politician  

F. M. L. Thompson

Lennox, Charles Gordon-, fifth duke of Richmond and fifth duke of Lennox (1791–1860), landowner and politician, was born Charles Lennox on 3 August 1791, the eldest of the seven sons and seven daughters of Charles Lennox, fourth duke of Richmond (1764–1819), and his wife, ...

Article

Lowther, James, earl of Lonsdale (1736–1802), politician and landowner  

J. V. Beckett

Lowther, James, earl of Lonsdale (1736–1802), politician and landowner, was born on 5 August 1736 at Maulds Meaburn, Westmorland, the fourth child and eldest surviving son of Robert Lowther (1681–1745), landowner, of Maulds Meaburn and Katherine Pennington (1712–1764), only daughter of Sir Joseph Pennington, ...

Article

Lowther, John, first Viscount Lonsdale (1655–1700), landowner and politician  

J. V. Beckett

Lowther, John, first Viscount Lonsdale (1655–1700), landowner and politician, was born on 25 April 1655 at Hackthorpe Hall, Westmorland, the third of the four children of Colonel John Lowther of Hackthorpe (1628–1668), politician, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1662), daughter and coheir of ...

Article

Lowther, Sir John, of Lowther, first baronet (1606–1675), landowner and local politician  

C. B. Phillips

Lowther, Sir John, of Lowther, first baronet (1606–1675), landowner and local politician, was born on 20 February 1606, probably at Rydal Hall, Westmorland, and baptized on 27 February, the eldest of five children of Sir John Lowther (1582–1637) of Lowther, and of his wife, ...

Article

Percy, Hugh, third duke of Northumberland (1785–1847), politician and landowner  

F. M. L. Thompson

Percy, Hugh, third duke of Northumberland (1785–1847), politician and landowner, was born on 20 April 1785, the eldest son of Hugh Percy, second duke (1742–1817), and his second wife, Frances Julia, née Burrell (1779–1820). He was educated at Eton College and at St John's College, Cambridge...

Article

Pierrepont [formerly Medows], Charles, first Earl Manvers (1737–1816), landowner and politician  

Pamela Priestland

Pierrepont [formerly Medows], Charles, first Earl Manvers (1737–1816), landowner and politician, was born on 14 November 1737, the second son of Philip Medows (1708–1781), deputy ranger of Richmond Park, and Frances Pierrepont (c.1711–1794), sister of Evelyn, second duke of Kingston upon Hull...

Article

Ponsonby, Frederick, third earl of Bessborough (1758–1844), politician and landowner  

John Rosselli

Ponsonby, Frederick, third earl of Bessborough (1758–1844), politician and landowner, was born on 24 January 1758, most probably at 1 Cavendish Square, London, the fifth (but only surviving) son of William Ponsonby, second earl of Bessborough (1704–1793), and his wife, Lady Caroline Cavendish (1719–1760)...