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Abbott, Charles, first Baron Tenterden (1762–1832), judge, was born in Canterbury on 7 October 1762, the second son of John Abbott (d. 1785), a hairdresser, with a shop opposite the western portal of the cathedral, and his wife, Alice, née Bunce (...

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Aland, John Fortescue, first Baron Fortescue of Credan (1670–1746), judge, was born on 7 March 1670, the second son of Edmund Fortescue of Bierton, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Sarah, daughter (and ultimately heir) of Henry Aland of Waterford. On his father's side he was a descendant of ...

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Amos, Andrew (1791–1860), jurist, was born on 15 July 1791 in Calcutta, the youngest son of James Amos, a wealthy merchant in the service of the East India Company, and Cornelia Francina Bonté, daughter of General Bonté, a Swiss officer in the Dutch service. The ...

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Anderson, Sir Edmund (1530?–1605), judge, was born at Flixborough, Lincolnshire, the third son of Edward Anderson, landowner, and his wife, Joan Clayton. He was descended from Northumberland gentry but the family migrated to Lincolnshire before he was born. Anderson is said to have spent a brief period at ...

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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary. He himself described his more distant forebears as 'among the Scotch colonists who made ...

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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Arden, Richard Pepper, first Baron Alvanley (1744–1804), judge, was born on 20 May 1744 at Bredbury, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, the second son of John Arden of Harden Hall and his wife, Mary, daughter of Cuthbert Pepper of Pepper Hall, near ...

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Ashhurst, Sir William Henry (1725–1807), judge, was born on 25 January 1725 at Ashhurst, near Wigan, Lancashire, the third son of Thomas Henry Ashhurst (d. 1744), vice-chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster and recorder of Liverpool and Wigan, who held the Lancashire...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Bacon, Sir Nicholas (1510–1579), lawyer and administrator, was born on Childermas day (28 December) 1510, the second son and one of the five children of Robert Bacon (d. 1548), yeoman and sheep-reeve to the abbot of Bury St Edmunds, and his wife, ...

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Baldwin, Robert (1804–1858), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 12 May 1804 at York, Upper Canada, the eldest of the five sons of William Warren Baldwin (1775–1844), also a lawyer and politician in Canada, and his wife, (Margaret) Phoebe Willcocks (1771–1851)...

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Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Barry, Sir Redmond (1813–1880), judge, was born on 7 June 1813 at Ballyclough, co. Cork, Ireland, fifth of the thirteen children of Major-General Henry Green Barry (d. 1838) and his wife, Phoebe, daughter of John Armstrong Drought of Lettybrook, King's county. After attending a private academy near ...

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Bayley, Sir John, first baronet (1763–1841), judge and legal writer, was born on 3 August 1763, at Elton, Huntingdonshire, the second son of John Bayley (d. 1790) of Abbots Ripton, whose ancestors had emigrated from Spanish Flanders in the seventeenth century, and his wife, ...

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Bebb [married name Thomson], Gwyneth Marjory (1889–1921), campaigner for women's admission to the legal profession, was born at Brasenose House, High Street, Oxford, on 27 October 1889, the second daughter and third of the seven children of Llewellyn John Montfort Bebb DD (1862–1915)...

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Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832), philosopher, jurist, and reformer, was born on 4 February 1748 in Church Lane, Houndsditch, London, the eldest of the seven children of Jeremiah Bentham (1712–1792), attorney, and Alicia Woodward Whitehorne (d. 1759), the eldest daughter of Thomas Grove, a mercer of ...

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Berkeley, Sir Robert (1584–1656), judge, was born in the parish of St Martin's, Worcester, on 26 July 1584, the second son of Roland Berkeley (1548–1611) and his wife, Catherine Heywood (d. 1629). There were sixteen children in the family, of whom all but one reached adulthood, and ...

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Bernard, Mountague (1820–1882), jurist and international lawyer, was descended from a Huguenot family which left France after the revocation of the edict of Nantes and who for several generations owned land at Montego Bay in Jamaica. He was the third son of Charles Bernard...

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Bingham, Thomas Henry [Tom], Baron Bingham of Cornhill (1933–2010), judge, was born on 13 October 1933 at the nursing home, 49 Beaumont Street, Marylebone, London, the younger child and only son of Thomas Henry Bingham (1901–1980), a physician born and brought up in ...