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Abrahams, Israel (1858–1925), Jewish scholar and historian, was born on 26 November 1858 at 10 Finsbury Square, London, the second son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Barnett Abrahams (1831–1863) and his wife, Jane, née Brandon (1834–1895). His father was principal of ...

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Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first Baron Acton (1834–1902), historian and moralist, was born at Naples on 10 January 1834, the only child of Sir Ferdinand Richard Edward Acton, seventh baronet (1801–1837), and Marie Louise Pelline de Dalberg (1812–1860), the French-bred heir of ...

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Beesly, Edward Spencer (1831–1915), positivist and historian, was born on 23 January 1831 in Feckenham, Worcestershire, the eldest son of the Revd James Beesly (1781–1855) and his wife, Emily Fitzgerald (1798–1868), of Queen's county, Ireland. After reading Latin and Greek with his father, in the autumn of 1846 he was sent to ...

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Burnet, Gilbert (1643–1715), bishop of Salisbury and historian, was born in Edinburgh on 18 September 1643, the youngest child of Robert Burnet (d. 1661), a judge of the court of session as Lord Crimond, and Rachel Johnston, sister of Archibald Johnston, Lord Wariston...

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Calamy, Edmund (1671–1732), Presbyterian minister and historian, was born on 5 April 1671 in the parish of St Mary Aldermanbury, London, the only son of Edmund Calamy (bap. 1634, d. 1685), former rector of Moreton, Essex, and Mary (d. 1715), daughter of ...

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Coulton, George Gordon (1858–1947), historian and controversialist, was born at Tower Place, King's Lynn, Norfolk, on 15 October 1858, the third son and sixth child of John James Coulton, a solicitor of Yorkshire origins, and his wife, Sarah Radley. After early schooling at a dame-school at ...

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Creighton, Mandell (1843–1901), bishop of London and historian, was born in Carlisle on 5 July 1843, the elder son of Robert Creighton (d. 1878), who built up a family business in Carlisle, and Sarah Mandell (d. 1850/51), of a farming family in ...

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Gasquet, Francis Neil [name in religion Aidan] (1846–1929), cardinal and historian, was born on 5 October 1846 in Somers Town, north London, the third son of the six children of Raymond Gasquet, a physician whose family had emigrated from Toulon during the French Revolution, and his wife, ...

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Godwin, Francis (1562–1633), bishop of Hereford and historian, was born at Hannington, Northamptonshire, the son of Thomas Godwin (1517–1590), later bishop of Bath and Wells, and his wife, Isabella (d. before 1584), the daughter of Nicholas Purefoy of Shalstone, Buckinghamshire. At the age of fifteen he was sent to ...

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Gordon, Alexander (1841–1931), Unitarian minister and historian, was born on 9 June 1841 at Cheylesmore Manor House, Coventry, the second of the five sons of John Gordon (1807–1880), a Unitarian minister. John Gordon was born at Dudley, Worcestershire, on 1 March 1807, the son of ...

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Green, Vivian Hubert Howard (1915–2005), Church of England clergyman, historian, and college head, was born on 18 November 1915 at 101 Thurlby Road, Wembley, Middlesex, the only child of Hubert James Green, law stationer's clerk, and son of a Hampstead master tailor, and his wife, ...

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Gwatkin, Henry Melvill (1844–1916), historian and theologian, was born at Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, on 30 July 1844, the second son of the Revd Richard Gwatkin (b. 1791) and his wife, Ann Middleton. He attended St John's College, Cambridge, with a scholarship in 1863, after seven years at ...

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Heylyn, Peter (1599–1662), Church of England clergyman and historian, was born in Burford, Oxfordshire, on 29 November 1599, the second son of Henry Heylyn (d. 1622), a minor country gentleman, and his wife, Elizabeth Clampard (d. 1616). He was educated at ...

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Kennett, White (1660–1728), historian and bishop of Peterborough, was born in the parish of St Mary, Dover, on 10 August 1660, the eldest of the seven children of Basil Kennett (d. 1686) and Mary, eldest daughter of Thomas White, a wealthy shipwright. His father was a storekeeper in the dockyards at ...

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Lesley [Leslie], John (1527–1596), bishop of Ross, historian, and conspirator, was born on 29 September 1527, the eldest illegitimate son of Gavin Lesley, parson of Kingussie, Inverness-shire, a descendant of the Lesleys of Balquhain. His mother was apparently a Ruthin, daughter of the laird of ...

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Lingard, John (1771–1851), Roman Catholic priest and historian, only son of John Lingard (c.1738–1804), a carpenter and builder, and his wife, Elizabeth Reynolds (c.1733–1824), was born in Winchester on 5 February 1771. He was one of the last students to study at the ...

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Macray, William Dunn (1826–1916), librarian, historian, and Church of England clergyman, was born on 7 July 1826 in St Pancras, London, the third son of John Macray (1796–1878) and his wife, Ann Downs. He was educated at Magdalen College School, Oxford, and matriculated at ...

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J. M. Rigg

revised by John D. Pickles

Merivale, Charles (1808–1893), historian and dean of Ely, second son in the large family of John Herman Merivale (1779–1844), commissioner in bankruptcy, and Louisa Heath (1787–1873), daughter of Joseph Drury, was born at 14 East Street, Red Lion Square, London, on 8 March 1808. His father being a Unitarian and his mother an Anglican, he was brought up in a climate of undogmatic and practical piety. At the age of fifteen he joined the ...

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Milman, Henry Hart (1791–1868), historian and dean of St Paul's, born in London on 10 February 1791, was the third son of Sir Francis Milman, first baronet (1746–1821), physician to George III, and his wife, Frances (1754/5–1836), daughter of William Hart of Stapleton, Gloucestershire...

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Paris, Matthew (c. 1200–1259), historian, Benedictine monk, and polymath, reveals very little about his own life and personal circumstances. This is disappointing as well as ironical, considering his compulsive concern to collect and record information relating to the events and affairs of his own time, and his acute inquisitiveness concerning times past. Even his parentage, nationality, and social origins remain uncertain....