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Barnato, Barnett Isaacs [Barney] (1852–1897), diamond merchant and financier, born on 5 July 1852 at Aldgate, London, was the second son of the five children of Isaac Isaacs, shopkeeper, and Leah Isaacs (said to be related to the master of the rolls, Sir George Jessel...

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Bauer, Peter Thomas, Baron Bauer (1915–2002), economist, was born on 6 November 1915 in Budapest, the son of Aladár Dezsö Bauer (1883–1944), bookmaker, and his wife, Anna, née Grossmann. He attended the Scholae Piae (a Gymnasium of the Piarist order) and enrolled for a law degree at the ...

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Bernstein, Sidney Lewis, Baron Bernstein (1899–1993), businessman, was born on 30 January 1899 at 14 Westbury Road, Ilford, Essex, the fourth of nine children of Alexander Bernstein (c.1860–1922), businessman, and his wife, Jane Lazarus. His father had moved with his brother ...

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Bonn, Leopold Bernhard (1850–1929), banker and philanthropist, was born on 3 August 1850 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the ninth child of Baruch Bonn, a prominent Jewish banker. He was privately educated. After the annexation of Frankfurt by Prussia in 1866, Bonn applied for denaturalization and moved to ...

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Cassel, Sir Ernest Joseph (1852–1921), merchant banker and financier, was born on 3 March 1852 in Cologne, Germany, the youngest of the three children of Jacob Cassel (1802–1875) and Amalia, née Rosenheim (d. 1874). Jacob Cassel had a small banking business, founded by his father, ...

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Finniston, Sir (Harold) Montague [Monty] (1912–1991), metallurgist and businessman, was born at 26 Aikenhead Road, Govanhill, Glasgow, on 15 August 1912, the eldest child in the family of two sons and three daughters of Robert Finniston and his wife, Esther, née Diamond. Both parents were Russian-Jewish immigrants; the original family name was ...

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Gilbert, Sir Arthur (1913–2001), businessman and art collector, was born Abraham Bernstein at 6 St Mark's Terrace, Dalston, London, on 16 May 1913, the eighth child of Lazarus Bernstein and his wife, Bela (Betsy), née Feldman, Polish Jewish immigrants who had settled in ...

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Goldsmid, Sir Isaac Lyon, first baronet (1778–1859), financier and Jewish communal leader, was born in London on 13 January 1778, the eldest of the six children of Asher Goldsmid, a bullion broker, and his wife, Rachel, née Keyser. Asher's father, Aaron, had settled in ...

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Grant, Albert [formerly Abraham Gottheimer], Baron Grant in the Italian nobility (1831–1899), company promoter, was born in Dublin on 18 November 1831, the son of Bernard Gottheimer, a poor Jewish pedlar from central Europe and later a partner in a business in ...

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Hurst [née Berney; other married name Baines], Margery (1913–1989), recruitment agency founder, was born on 23 May 1913, probably in Portsmouth, the second of the four daughters (there were no sons) of Samuel Berney, cinema owner and builder, of Portsmouth, and his wife ...

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Joel, Solomon Barnato (1865–1931), financier, was born on 21 December 1865, at 8 Sandys Row, Spitalfields, in the East End of London, the youngest of three sons of Joel Joel (d. 1893), cigar manufacturer and publican, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of ...

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Joseph, Sir Maxwell [formerly Max] (1910–1982), hotelier and property dealer, was born Max Joseph on 31 May 1910, at 21 Whitechapel Road, London, the second of the three sons of Jack Joseph, a journeyman tailor and property dealer, and his wife, Sarah Orler...

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Kahn, Richard Ferdinand, Baron Kahn (1905–1989), economist, was born in London on 10 August 1905, the second child and only son of four surviving children (two younger sons died) of Augustus Kahn, inspector of schools, and his wife, Regina Rosa Schoyer, of Germany...

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Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

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Lewis, Samuel (1838–1901), moneylender and philanthropist, was born on 14 May 1838 at 1 Lower Hurst Street, Birmingham, the elder of the two children of Frederick Lewis (b. c.1801), a dealer, and his wife, Sarah (c.1805–1872). They lived in impoverished slum conditions, and in 1841 his father was imprisoned for debt. On this, and on many other occasions, the family were rescued by benefits provided by the ...

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Lyons, (Isidore) Jack (1916–2008), businessman, philanthropist, and convicted fraudster, was born in Leeds on 1 February 1916, the fifth of six children of Samuel Henry Lyons (1883/4–1959), businessman, and his wife, Sophie, née Niman (1885–1971). His immediate elder brother, Bernard Lyons (1913–2008...

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Marks, Simon, first Baron Marks (1888–1964), retailer and business innovator, was born in Trafalgar Street, Leylands, Leeds, on 9 July 1888, the only son and eldest of the five children of Michael Marks (1859–1907) and his wife, Hannah Cohen. His father came to ...

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Montagu, Samuel, first Baron Swaythling (1832–1911), merchant banker and philanthropist, was born Montagu Samuel in Liverpool on 21 December 1832, the second son and youngest child of Louis Samuel (1794–1859), watchmaker and silversmith of Liverpool, and his wife, Henrietta, daughter of Israel Israel...

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Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader, the eldest son of Joseph Elias Montefiore, a London businessman, and Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Lumbroso de Mattos Mocatta, was born in Leghorn, Italy (during a visit there by his parents), on 24 October 1784. On his father's side ...

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Oppenheimer, Sir Ernest (1880–1957), diamond merchant and financier, was born in Friedberg, Germany, on 22 May 1880, the fifth son and eighth child of Eduard Oppenheimer (1841–1924), cigar merchant, and his wife, Nanny Hirschhorn (1841–1912). From the age of ten he was educated in French and classics at the ...