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Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

Article

C. W. Sutton

revised by Anita McConnell

Dyer, Joseph Chessborough (1780–1871), inventor, was born at Stonington Point, Connecticut, USA, on 15 November 1780, the son of Captain Nathaniel Dyer of the Rhode Island navy. Joseph's mother died about a year later and the boy was sent to school at Wickford, Rhode Island...

Article

Faulds, Henry (1843–1930), general practitioner and developer of fingerprinting, was born on 1 June 1843 at Beith, Ayrshire, the son of William Pollock Faulds, an impoverished grocer, and his wife, Anne Cameron. Both sides of his family were of Scottish descent. After school at ...

Article

J. E. G. de Montmorency

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Fry, Sir Edward (1827–1918), judge and zoologist, was born in Union Street, Bristol on 4 November 1827, the second son of Joseph Fry (1795–1879) and Mary Ann, née Swaine. Both his parents were Quakers. His father, a manufacturer of chocolate and cocoa, was a man with strong religious and philanthropic interests. A supporter of free trade, he continued the family tradition in business. ...

Article

Grove, Sir William Robert (1811–1896), natural philosopher and judge, was born in Swansea on 11 July 1811, the only son of John Grove, a magistrate and deputy lieutenant of Glamorgan and his wife, Anne Bevan. Educated by a succession of private tutors, he entered ...

Article

Herschel, Sir William James, second baronet (1833–1917), developer of fingerprinting and judge, was born on 9 January 1833, probably in Slough, the eldest child of the three sons and nine daughters of Sir John Herschel, first baronet (1792–1871), astronomer and chemist, and his wife, ...

Article

Home, David Milne [formerly David Milne] (1805–1890), advocate and scientist, was born on 22 January 1805 at Inveresk, Musselburgh, near Edinburgh, the elder son of Admiral Sir David Milne (1763–1845) and his first wife, Grace Purves (1776?–1814). The naval officer Sir Alexander Milne, ...

Article

Kempe, Sir Alfred Bray (1849–1922), lawyer and mathematician, was born on 6 July 1849 in Kensington, London, the fourth of five children of Prebendary John Edward Kempe, rector of St James's, Piccadilly (1853–95), and his wife, Harriet, daughter of the Revd Robert Serrell Wood...

Article

Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

Article

Ponton, Mungo (1802–1880), inventor of photographic processes and lawyer, the only son of John Ponton, farmer, and his wife, Isabell née Ponton, was born at Balgreen, near Edinburgh, on 23 November 1802. Educated as a lawyer, he was admitted to the Society of Writers to the Signet...