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Sir Vere Cornwall Bird (1909–1999) by Jim Gray, 1966 Getty Images

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Bird, Sir Vere Cornwall (1909–1999), prime minister of Antigua and Barbuda, was born in St John's, Antigua, probably on 9 December 1909, the son of Theophilus Bird and Amanda Edgehill. He grew up in Garling slum, a swampy area of lower St John's...

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William Booth (1829–1912) by Olive Edis and Katherine Edis, 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Booth, William (1829–1912), founder of the Salvation Army, was born at Sneinton, a suburb of Nottingham, on 10 April 1829, one of five children of Samuel Booth (1775–1842), a speculative builder, and his second wife, Mary Moss (b. 1791). He was sent to ...

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Booth, (William) Bramwell (1856–1929), Salvation Army officer, was born at Halifax, Yorkshire, on 8 March 1856, the eldest son of William Booth (1829–1912) and his wife, Catherine Booth, née Mumford (1829–1890), the founders of the Salvation Army. He had two brothers and five sisters, including ...

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Boyd, Sir John McFarlane (1917–1989), trade unionist and Salvationist, was born on 8 October 1917 in Motherwell, Lanarkshire, the only child of James Boyd, butcher, who died in the influenza epidemic of the following year, and his wife, Mary Marshall, who in 1920 married ...

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John Curtin (1885–1945) by unknown photographer, c. 1941–5 by permission of the National Library of Australia

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Curtin, John (1885–1945), prime minister of Australia, was born in Creswick, Victoria, on 8 January 1885, the eldest of the four children of John Curtin (1854–1919), a policeman, and his wife, Catherine Bourke (1859–1938). Both parents were Irish-born. Curtin's father was invalided out of the police force in 1890 and spent the next eight years as a hotel manager in ...

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George Bramwell Evens (1884–1943) by Ronald Howgate © reserved; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Evens, George Bramwell (1884–1943), broadcaster, was born on 15 February 1884 at 3 Argyle Street, Anlaby Road, Kingston upon Hull, the only child of George Matthew Evens (1860–1920), a Salvation Army officer, and his wife, Matilda (1862?–1945), daughter of Cornelius Smith and his wife, ...

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Guntrip, Henry James Samuel [Harry] (1901–1975), psychotherapist and Congregational minister, the son of Henry Richard Guntrip (d. c.1923) and his wife, Harriet Louise Jessop (d. 1953), was born at 103 Dulwich Road, London, on 29 May 1901. His father, a commercial clerk, was the youngest of seven children. Before his marriage he was lively and enjoyed cricket. A Methodist lay preacher, he was founder of a breakaway evangelical movement, ...

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Ronald Carton

revised by Robert Brown

Higgins, Edward John (1864–1947), Salvation Army officer, was born on 26 November 1864 at 10 Church Street, Highbridge, Somerset, the son of Edward Higgins, saddler and harness maker, and his wife, Martha Deacon (d. 1870). After the death of his mother Higgins...

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Norman Eric Kirk (1923–1974) by Morrie Hill, c. 1971 Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa

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Kirk, Norman Eric (1923–1974), prime minister of New Zealand, was born at Nathan Home at Waimate, a small farming centre in South Canterbury, New Zealand, on 6 January 1923, the eldest of the three children of Norman Kirk (1902–1968) and his wife, Vera Janet Jury (1901–1972)...

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Lusher, Gordon Douglas [Don] (1923–2006), trombonist and bandleader, was born in Providential Place, Nelson Street, Peterborough, Northamptonshire, on 6 November 1923, the only child of Gordon Clayton Lusher (1889–1973), hardware salesman and shop assistant, and his wife, Annie Ethel, née Briggs (1889–1964). Both parents were ...

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Norton, James Lansdowne (1869–1925), motorcycle designer and manufacturer, was born at 37 Spon Terrace, Aston, Birmingham, on 8 January 1869, the son of James Norton, a journeyman cabinet-maker, and his wife, Elizabeth Chinn. The family were members of the Salvation Army, in which ...

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Robert Wilfred Levick Simpson (1921–1997) by Suzie E. Maeder © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Simpson, Robert Wilfred Levick (1921–1997), composer and radio producer, was born on 2 March 1921 in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, the son of Robert Warren Simpson, of Scottish descent, and his wife, Helena Hendrika, née Govaars, of Dutch descent. Both parents worked for the ...

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Smith, Francis Samuel [Frank] (1854–1940), politician and Salvationist, was born in Chelsea, London, the son of Alfred John Smith. He was educated at Oxford House School, Chelsea, and apprenticed as an upholsterer in 1870. Four years later, on 28 September 1874, he married ...

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Rodney Smith (1860–1947) by Elliott & Fry [detail] © National Portrait Gallery, London