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Ashburnham, John (1602/3–1671), courtier and politician  

Sean Kelsey

Ashburnham, John (1602/3–1671), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of Sir John Ashburnham (1570/71–1620) and Elizabeth (1577–1651), daughter of Sir Thomas Beaumont. William Ashburnham, army officer and politician, was his younger brother. He was educated at Gray's Inn and Peterhouse, Cambridge. His father died in 1620, having wasted his estate and leaving his family in penury. But within two years his heir had so far repaired their broken fortune, that (says the epitaph in ...

Article

Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator  

Paul Hopkins

Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a parliamentarian army officer, though from the royalist family of Ashton of ...

Article

Baring, Rowland Thomas, second earl of Cromer (1877–1953), courtier  

John Gore

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Baring, Rowland Thomas, second earl of Cromer (1877–1953), courtier, was born on 29 November 1877 at Cairo. He was the elder son of Evelyn Baring, later first earl of Cromer (1841–1917), diplomat, and his first wife, Ethel Stanley (d. 1898), second daughter of ...

Article

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician  

David L. Smith

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician, was the eldest of three illegitimate sons of Charles Blount, earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), and Lady Penelope Rich (1563–1607), daughter of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex; his parents were eventually to marry, contrary to canon law, in 1605. He was the half-brother of ...

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Cover Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666)

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666)  

Maker: Sir Anthony Van Dyck

In 

Mountjoy Blount, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1637–8 Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection

Article

Boscawen, Hugh, first Viscount Falmouth (c. 1680–1734), politician and courtier  

A. A. Hanham

Boscawen, Hugh, first Viscount Falmouth (c. 1680–1734), politician and courtier, was the eldest surviving son of Edward Boscawen (1628–1685), a wealthy Turkey merchant and MP, and his wife, Jael (d. 1730), the daughter of Sir Francis Godolphin. Both parents were of prominent Cornish landed families, and their connections at the very heart of politics ensured the future path of ...

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Cover Brett, Reginald Baliol, second Viscount Esher (1852–1930)

Brett, Reginald Baliol, second Viscount Esher (1852–1930)  

Maker: Glyn Philpot

In 

Reginald Baliol Brett, second Viscount Esher (1852–1930) by Glyn Philpot, 1922 © Estate of Glyn Philpot

Article

Brett, Reginald Baliol, second Viscount Esher (1852–1930), courtier  

William M. Kuhn

Brett, Reginald Baliol, second Viscount Esher (1852–1930), courtier, was born on 30 June 1852 at 19 Prince's Terrace, Kensington, London, the eldest of three children of William Baliol Brett, first Viscount Esher (1815–1899), barrister and later master of the rolls, and his wife, ...

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Cover Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632)

Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632)  

Maker: Daniel Mytens

In 

George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/8080–1632) by Daniel Mytens, 1627 © reserved

Article

Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America  

John D. Krugler

Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

Article

Capel, William, third earl of Essex (1697–1743), diplomatist and courtier  

T. F. Henderson

revised by Philip Carter

Capel, William, third earl of Essex (1697–1743), diplomatist and courtier, was the eldest son of Algernon Capel, second earl of Essex (1670–1710), and Lady Mary (d. 1726), the eldest daughter of William Bentinck, first earl of Portland. Nothing is known of his education, but in 1718 he was appointed gentleman of the bedchamber to the ...

Article

Carey, George, second Baron Hunsdon (1548–1603), courtier  

See Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon

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Cover Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596)

Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596)  

Maker: Marcus Gheeraerts the younger

Henry Carey, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596) attrib. Marcus Gheeraerts the younger, 1591 The Berkeley Castle Will Trust. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596), courtier and administrator  

Wallace T. MacCaffrey

Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596), courtier and administrator, was born on 4 March 1526, the only son of William Carey (c. 1496–1528), courtier, of Aldenham, Hertfordshire, and his wife, Mary [see Stafford, Mary (c. 1499-1543)], royal mistress, daughter of Thomas Boleyn, ...

Article

Cary, Lucius Bentinck, tenth Viscount Falkland (1803–1884), courtier and colonial governor  

Roger T. Stearn

Cary, Lucius Bentinck, tenth Viscount Falkland (1803–1884), courtier and colonial governor, was born on 5 November 1803, the eldest of three sons of Charles John Cary, ninth Viscount Falkland (1768–1809), a captain in the Royal Navy, and his wife, Christiana, née Anton (...

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Cover Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612)

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612)  

Maker: John de Critz the elder

In 

Robert Cecil, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612) by John de Critz the elder The Marquess of Salisbury. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier  

Pauline Croft

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier, was born on 1 June 1563 at Cecil House, Strand, Westminster, the second surviving child and only son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), statesman, then secretary of state and from 1572 lord treasurer, and his second wife, ...

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Cover Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623)

Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Thomas Cecil, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623) by unknown artist, c. 1610 The Burghley House Collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier  

Richard Milward

Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier, was born in Cambridge on 5 May 1542, the eldest son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), and his first wife, Mary (c.1520–1544), sister of John Cheke. His mother died when he was less than two years old and he never seems to have aroused any affection in his puritanical stepmother, ...

Article

Cecil, William, sixteenth Baron Ros (1590–1618), courtier and ambassador  

Alastair Bellany

Cecil, William, sixteenth Baron Ros (1590–1618), courtier and ambassador, was born in May 1590 and baptized the following month, on 4 June, at Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire. He was the eldest son of William Cecil (1566–1640), Lord Burghley from 1605 until he succeeded as ...