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Barry, Thomas Bernardine (1897–1980), Irish revolutionary and folk hero, was born on 1 July 1897 in Killorglin, co. Kerry, the eldest son and second of eleven children of Thomas Barry, a policeman, and his wife, Margaret Donovan, both of co. Cork. After Tom...

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Charles Geneviève Louis Auguste André Timothée D'Éon de Beaumont, Chevalier D'Éon in the French nobility (1728–1810) by George Dance, 1793 © Copyright The British Museum

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D'Éon de Beaumont, Charles Geneviève Louis Auguste André Timothée, Chevalier D'Éon in the French nobility (1728–1810), diplomatist and transvestite, was born at the Hotel d'Uzès, Tonnerre, Burgundy, on 5 October 1728. He came of an old noble family, possibly of Breton origin, though, like much else about this extraordinary personage, his genealogical pretensions later gave rise to judicial proceedings. His father, ...

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Raczyński, Count Edward Bernard Andrzej Maria (1891–1993), Polish diplomatist and president-in-exile, was born on 19 December 1891 at Zakopane, Galicia, Austria–Hungary, the younger son of Edward Aleksander Raczyński, third Count Raczyński-Raczyński (1847–1926), landowner and patron of the arts, and his second wife, Countess Róẓa Krasińska, ...

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Wallace, Sir William (d. 1305), patriot and guardian of Scotland, is a man whose origins, once thought secure, have now become uncertain.

The name Wallace originally meant a Welshman, and William's descent has been confidently traced from a Ricardus Wallensis, or Richard Wallace...

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Philip James Wharton, duke of Wharton and Jacobite duke of Northumberland (1698–1731) attrib. Joseph Highmore private collection in England. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Wharton, Philip James, duke of Wharton and Jacobite duke of Northumberland (1698–1731), rake and politician, was born Philip Wharton at either Adderbury or Ditchley, Oxfordshire, probably on 21 December 1698, the only son and heir of Thomas Wharton, fifth Baron Wharton and later first marquess of Wharton and Malmesbury and first marquess of Catherlough...