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Beauchamp, Robert de (c. 1195–1251/2), justice and baron  

Henry Summerson

Beauchamp, Robert de (c. 1195–1251/2), justice and baron, was the son of Simon de Vautort and of the daughter and heir of Robert de Beauchamp (d. 1195), lord of Hatch Beauchamp in Somerset, whose surname he took. An infant at his father’s death, by 1202 his wardship had been granted to ...

Article

Beauchamp, William de (1100x10–1170), sheriff and baron  

Emma Mason

Beauchamp, William de (1100x10–1170), sheriff and baron, was the eldest son of Walter (I) de Beauchamp (d. 1130/31) of Elmley Castle, sheriff of Worcestershire, and his wife, reputedly named Emmeline, the daughter and eventual heir of Urse d'Abetot, sheriff of Worcester, and eventual heir of about half the land of her paternal uncle, ...

Article

Bermingham, John, earl of Louth (c. 1290–1329), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

Robin Frame

Bermingham, John, earl of Louth (c. 1290–1329), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the eldest of at least four legitimate sons of Peter Bermingham of Tethmoy (d. 1308) and Ela, one of four daughters and coheirs of William de Odingsells of Maxstoke, Warwickshire...

Article

Bertram, Roger (c. 1195–1242), baron and justice  

Henry Summerson

Bertram, Roger (c. 1195–1242), baron and justice, was descended from the William Bertram who was granted the barony of Mitford in Northumberland in the reign of Henry I. Roger was the son of another William Bertram and his wife, Alice, the daughter of ...

Article

Canville [Camville], Sir Thomas de (d. 1234/5), landowner and justice  

Henry Summerson

Canville [Camville], Sir Thomas de (d. 1234/5), landowner and justice, was the son of Hugh de Canville (d. c.1194) and his wife, Christiana, the daughter of William the Monk. His father's family had lands in several counties in southern England and ...

Article

Clarendon, Sir Roger (c. 1350–1402), royal bastard and conspirator  

C. Given-Wilson

Clarendon, Sir Roger (c. 1350–1402), royal bastard and conspirator, was the natural son of Edward, the Black Prince (1330–1376), and his mistress (concubina), Edith Willesford. He was presumably born at the royal palace of Clarendon in Wiltshire, probably around the middle of the fourteenth century, before ...

Article

Crichton, Robert, eighth Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (c. 1568–1612), nobleman and murderer  

M. J. Bowman

Crichton, Robert, eighth Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (c. 1568–1612), nobleman and murderer, was the son of Edward Crichton, seventh Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (c.1542–1569), and Margaret Douglas (c.1545–c.1605), of Drumlanrig. On 10 April 1608 he married Anne (...

Article

Espec, Walter (d. 1147x58), baron and justice  

Paul Dalton

Espec, Walter (d. 1147x58), baron and justice, succeeded to the Bedfordshire estates held in 1086 by William Spech, possibly his father or maternal uncle, and by c.1122 had acquired (probably from the crown) additional lands centred on Wark, Northumberland, and Helmsley, Yorkshire...

Article

Eustace fitz John (d. 1157), justice and baron  

T. F. Tout

revised by Paul Dalton

Eustace fitz John (d. 1157), justice and baron, was the son of John fitz Richard (b. before 1056), a minor tenant-in-chief in Essex and Norfolk, and an unknown mother. He succeeded Serlo de Burg, who is said (perhaps wrongly) to have been his uncle and to have founded the castle of ...

Image

Cover Eustace fitz John (d. 1157)

Eustace fitz John (d. 1157)  

In 

Eustace fitz John (d. 1157) coin © Copyright The British Museum

Article

Graham, Sir Robert, of Kinpont (d. 1437), landowner and assassin  

M. H. Brown

Graham, Sir Robert, of Kinpont (d. 1437), landowner and assassin, was the third son of Patrick Graham of Kincardine and his second wife, Euphemia, daughter of John Stewart of Ralston. Possibly intended for the church, he was educated at the University of Paris...

Article

Hamilton, Claud [known as Lord Claud Hamilton], first Lord Paisley (1546?–1621), nobleman and conspirator  

Peter Holmes

Hamilton, Claud [known as Lord Claud Hamilton], first Lord Paisley (1546?–1621), nobleman and conspirator, was born probably in 1546, the fifth and youngest son of James Hamilton, second earl of Arran and first duke of Châtelherault (c. 1519–1575), and his wife, ...

Article

Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor  

J. G. Elzinga

Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...

Image

Cover Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595)

Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Philip Howard [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595) by unknown artist reproduced by kind permission of His Grace the Duke of Norfolk. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

See Leslie, George, first earl of Rothes

Article

Macdonald, Alexander, of Glencoe [Alasdair Maciain; called Alasdair Ruaidh] (d. 1692), clan chief and victim of massacre  

Paul Hopkins

Macdonald, Alexander, of Glencoe [Alasdair Maciain; called Alasdair Ruaidh] (d. 1692), clan chief and victim of massacre, was probably born in Glencoe between the early 1620s and early 1630s, the son of Alexander Macdonald (Alasdair Maciain; d. in or after 1657), who by 1627 was chief (reputedly eleventh chief) of a branch of the clan ...

Article

Marmion, Robert (d. 1216x18), baron and justice  

Henry Summerson

Marmion, Robert (d. 1216x18), baron and justice, was the son of Robert Marmion of Tamworth, Staffordshire, and his wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of Hugues, count of Rethel, near Rheims. The death of his father, about October 1181, made the younger Robert a leading baron in the ...

Article

Marshal, Sir John (d. 1235), baron and justice  

David Crouch

Marshal, Sir John (d. 1235), baron and justice, of Hingham (or Hockering), was on the evidence of one of his charters to Walsingham Priory an illegitimate son of John Marshal of Hampstead Marshall (c.1145–1194), the elder brother of William Marshal the elder, ...

Article

Moulton [Muleton, Multon], Sir Thomas of (d. 1240), landowner and justice  

C. L. Kingsford

revised by Ralph V. Turner

Moulton [Muleton, Multon], Sir Thomas of (d. 1240), landowner and justice, was the son of Thomas of Moulton (d. before 1198) and grandson of Lambert of Moulton (d. 1166/7) of Spalding Priory and of the honours of Bolingbroke and Richmond, Yorkshire...

Article

Murray, John, of Falahill (d. 1510), landowner and supposed outlaw  

Michael A. Penman

Murray, John, of Falahill (d. 1510), landowner and supposed outlaw, was the eldest son and heir of Sir Patrick Murray (d. before 27 Feb 1493), laird of Falahill in Peeblesshire, eldest son of the John Murray (d. c.1477), laird of ...