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Ælfgar, earl of Mercia (d. 1062?), magnate  

Ann Williams

Ælfgar, earl of Mercia (d. 1062?), magnate, was the son of Leofric, earl of Mercia, and Godgifu (Godiva). He married, perhaps in the late 1020s, Ælfgifu, probably a kinswoman of Cnut's first wife, Ælfgifu of Northampton. Her known lands lay in the east midlands and ...

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Ælfhere (d. 983), magnate  

Ann Williams

Ælfhere (d. 983), magnate, was the son of Ealhhelm, ealdorman of central Mercia (what is now Worcestershire and Gloucestershire) from 940 to 951. Ælfhere and his brothers are greeted as kinsmen by successive kings, though the degree of relationship is unknown. They were particularly close to ...

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Ælfric (d. 1016), magnate  

Ann Williams

Ælfric (d. 1016), magnate, must be distinguished from his contemporary Ælfric Cild [see under Ælfhere (d. 983)], who was ealdorman of Mercia from 983 to 985. In 982 he succeeded Ealdorman Æthelmær (977–82) in a command which included Hampshire (AS chart....

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Ælfstan of Boscombe (fl. 1043–1065), nobleman  

Ann Williams

Ælfstan of Boscombe (fl. 1043–1065), nobleman, is identified by Domesday Book as a substantial landholder, with an estate of some 237 hides of land, scattered over eight shires, making him the fifth richest of the recorded pre-conquest thegns below the rank of earl. Most of this land was probably his inheritance, but the charter whereby ...

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Patrick Sims-Williams

In 

See Hwicce, kings of the

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Æthelstan [Ethelstan, Æthelstan Half-King] (fl. 932–956), magnate  

Cyril Hart

Æthelstan [Ethelstan, Æthelstan Half-King] (fl. 932–956), magnate, was the second of four sons of Ealdorman Æthelfrith, who ruled the southern and eastern territories of Mercia. Æthelfrith was descended from the West Saxon royal family and held extensive estates in Somerset and Devon. His wife, ...

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Æthelweard [Ethelwerd] (d. 998?), chronicler and magnate  

Patrick Wormald

Æthelweard [Ethelwerd] (d. 998?), chronicler and magnate, was ealdorman of south-western England. He styled himself 'Patricius Consul Fabius Quaestor', a latinization of 'Æthel-/ealdorman/Fabius/-weard'. He was the father of Æthelmær, grandfather of one Æthelweard and grandfather-in-law of another: all also ealdormen, and two of the same south-western ealdormanry as ...

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Æthelwine [Ethelwine, Æthelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire  

Cyril Hart

Æthelwine [Ethelwine, Æthelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, was the fourth and youngest son of Æthelstan, known as the Half-King (932–956), and his wife, Ælfwyn (d. 986). He was a few years older than the atheling ...

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Alan Rufus (d. 1093), magnate  

K. S. B. Keats-Rohan

Alan Rufus (d. 1093), magnate, was the second of at least seven legitimate sons of Count Eudo, regent of Brittany from 1040 to 1047, and Orguen, or Agnes, his Angevin wife. Alan was called Rufus (‘the Red’) to distinguish him from a younger brother, ...

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Alan, lord of Galloway (b. before 1199, d. 1234), magnate  

Richard D. Oram

Alan, lord of Galloway (b. before 1199, d. 1234), magnate, was the eldest son of Roland, lord of Galloway (d. 1200), and Helen de Morville (d. 1217), sister and heir of William de Morville, lord of Lauderdale and Cunningham and royal constable. He had two brothers and two sisters, of whom ...

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Annesley, James (1715–1760), peerage claimant  

John Martin

Annesley, James (1715–1760), peerage claimant, was born at Dunmain, co. Wexford, the son of Arthur Annesley, fourth Baron Altham (1688/9–1727); the identity of his mother is disputed. According to Annesley's account, his mother was Lord Altham's second wife, Mary Sheffield (d. 1729)...

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Asgar the Staller (d. after 1066), nobleman  

Ann Williams

Asgar the Staller (d. after 1066), nobleman, was, according to the figures given in Domesday Book, the second-richest thegn in pre-conquest England below the rank of earl. His estate of over 300 hides of land was scattered over nine shires, the greatest concentration (some ...

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Aubigné, William d' [William de Albini] (d. 1236), magnate  

Nicholas Vincent

Aubigné, William d' [William de Albini] (d. 1236), magnate, was the eldest son and heir of William d'Aubigné (d. 1167/8), lord of Belvoir, and his wife, Matilda (or Maud) de Senlis, daughter of Robert de Clare and a close kinswoman of the ...

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Aubigny, Philip d' [Philip Daubeney] (d. 1236), knight and royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Aubigny, Philip d' [Philip Daubeney] (d. 1236), knight and royal councillor, was a member of a junior branch of the family of d'Aubigny, native to St Aubin-d'Aubigné (Ille-et-Vilaine), north of Rennes in Brittany, whose senior branch had acquired the English honour of Belvoir...

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Aubigny, William d' [William de Albini], third earl of Arundel (c. 1174–1221), magnate  

Ralph V. Turner

Aubigny, William d' [William de Albini], third earl of Arundel (c. 1174–1221), magnate, was the grandson of Adeliza of Louvain, second queen of Henry I, and her second husband, William d' Aubigny, the first earl (d. 1176). He was the son of William...

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Aubigny, William d' [William de Albini; known as William d'Aubigny Pincerna], first earl of Arundel (d. 1176), magnate  

Graeme White

Aubigny, William d' [William de Albini; known as William d'Aubigny Pincerna], first earl of Arundel (d. 1176), magnate, was the son of William d'Aubigny Pincerna (d. 1139), lord of Buckenham, Norfolk, and Maud (Matilda), daughter of Roger Bigod. The family took its name from ...

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Audley, Hugh, earl of Gloucester (c. 1291–1347), magnate  

J. R. Maddicott

Audley, Hugh, earl of Gloucester (c. 1291–1347), magnate, was the second son of Sir Hugh Audley (c.1267–c.1326) of Stratton Audley, Oxfordshire, by his marriage to Isolt (d. in or after 1336), widow of Sir Walter de Balun and daughter of ...

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Audley, James (d. 1272), magnate  

Simon Lloyd

Audley, James (d. 1272), magnate, was the son and heir of Henry Audley and Bertred, daughter of Ralph Mainwaring, county justice of Chester. He had paid homage to Henry III for his father's lands by 19 November 1246. He had one brother, Ralph (...

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Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101), magnate and founder of Chester Abbey  

C. P. Lewis

Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101), magnate and founder of Chester Abbey, was the son of Richard Goz, vicomte d'Avranches and seigneur de St Sever, and an unknown mother formerly identified on the basis of unsatisfactory evidence as Emma, supposedly a half-sister of ...