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James Butler, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1695 by kind permission of the Examination Schools, Oxford

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

Article

Smith, Matthew (b. c. 1665, d. before 1723?), spy and writer, was the eldest son of Matthew Smith (d. 1672), mercer of Coventry, and his second wife, Anne (Hanna; 1645–1723), second daughter of William Parkyns of Marston Jabbett, Warwickshire. Though a puritan, ...