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Brydone, Patrick (1736–1818), traveller and author, was born on 5 January 1736, probably in Coldingham, Berwickshire, Scotland, one of the seven children of Robert Brydone (1686?–1761), minister of Coldingham, and Elizabeth, daughter of the previous minister, John Dysart, or Dysert, who were married on 30 June 1727 at ...

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Hugh Clapperton (1788–1827) by G. Manton Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827), naval officer and traveller in Africa, was born at Annan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, the youngest son of George Clapperton, a surgeon, and his first wife, the daughter of John Johnstone. His mother died when he was a child, and his father remarried. Feckless (he fathered altogether twenty-one children), negligent of his medical practice, and, as a result, impoverished, his father left him to the charge of a spiteful stepmother who cared only for her own children. His schooling was neglected, and he learned little more than to read and write. Eventually the town schoolmaster gave him lessons in practical mathematics and navigation, and he taught himself to draw....

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Douglas, David (1799–1834), plant collector and traveller, was born on 25 June 1799 at Scone, Perthshire, one of six children of John Douglas, a stonemason, and his wife, Jean, née Drummond. Quick to learn but often truant from school owing to his passion for natural history, he was apprenticed at the age of ten in the gardens of the ...

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Evans, Evan (1882–1965), coach tour operator and local politician, was born on 8 November 1882 in Glanyrafon, Betws Leucu, Cardiganshire, the eldest of the six surviving children of David Evans, a tenant farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Davies. After leaving Llangeitho school...

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Kinneir, Sir John Macdonald (1782–1830), army officer, traveller, and diplomatist, born at Carnden, Linlithgow, on 3 February 1782, was the illegitimate son of John Macdonald, comptroller of customs at Bo'ness, and Mrs Cecilia Maria Kinneir. In 1802 he was nominated to a cadetship by ...

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Laing, Samuel (1780–1868), author and traveller, son of Robert Laing (d. 1805), a merchant and provost of Kirkwall in 1788–92, of an old Orkney family and younger brother of Malcolm Laing, was born at Kirkwall, Orkney, on 4 October 1780. He was educated at ...

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Lincoln, Ignatius Timotheus Trebitsch [formerly Ignácz Trebitsch; name in religion Chao Kung] (1879–1943), political adventurer, was born in Paks, Hungary, on 4 April 1879, the second son of Nathan Trebitsch (d. 1899), a merchant, and his wife, Julia, née Freund (...

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Robert Lyall (1789–1831) by Maxim Gauci © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lyall, Robert (1789–1831), botanist and traveller, was born in Abbey parish, Paisley, on 26 November 1789, the son of William and Janet (née Tassie or Tassin) Lyall. Probably educated at Paisley grammar school, he served an apprenticeship before matriculating in medicine at ...

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See Muirhead family

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See Muirhead family

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Mungo Park (1771–1806) by Thomas Rowlandson, c. 1805 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Park, Mungo (1771–1806), traveller in Africa, was born on 11 September 1771 at Foulshiels (sometimes misspelt Fowlshiels), near Selkirk, the seventh of the thirteen children of Mungo Park (1714?–1793), a prosperous tenant farmer on the estate of the duke of Buccleuch, and ...

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Ramsay, John, of Ochtertyre (1736–1814), writer on Scotland, was born on 26 August 1736, the elder son of James Ramsay of Ochtertyre, near Stirling (d. 1748), writer to the signet, and Anne Dundas, daughter of Ralph Dundas of Manor. Educated at the grammar school at ...

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Wansey, Henry (1751–1827), woollen manufacturer and traveller, was born on 10 August 1751 at Warminster, Wiltshire, the sixth son among at least ten children of George Wansey (1713–1762), clothier, and his wife, Esther Greene (1713–1795). For two years he attended the Lord Weymouth Grammar School...

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Wood, Robert (1716/17–1771), traveller and classical scholar, was probably born in the manse at Summerhill, co. Meath, where his father, Alexander James Wood (1683–1747), who came from Dunmurry, co. Antrim, was the Presbyterian minister. Few details are known of Wood's early life and education. ...