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Beauchamp, Robert de (c. 1195–1251/2), justice and baron, was the son of Simon de Vautort and of the daughter and heir of Robert de Beauchamp (d. 1195), lord of Hatch Beauchamp in Somerset, whose surname he took. An infant at his father’s death, by 1202 his wardship had been granted to ...

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Beauchamp, William de (1100x10–1170), sheriff and baron, was the eldest son of Walter (I) de Beauchamp (d. 1130/31) of Elmley Castle, sheriff of Worcestershire, and his wife, reputedly named Emmeline, the daughter and eventual heir of Urse d'Abetot, sheriff of Worcester, and eventual heir of about half the land of her paternal uncle, ...

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Bermingham, John, earl of Louth (c. 1290–1329), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the eldest of at least four legitimate sons of Peter Bermingham of Tethmoy (d. 1308) and Ela, one of four daughters and coheirs of William de Odingsells of Maxstoke, Warwickshire...

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Bertram, Roger (c. 1195–1242), baron and justice, was descended from the William Bertram who was granted the barony of Mitford in Northumberland in the reign of Henry I. Roger was the son of another William Bertram and his wife, Alice, the daughter of ...

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Canville [Camville], Sir Thomas de (d. 1234/5), landowner and justice, was the son of Hugh de Canville (d. c.1194) and his wife, Christiana, the daughter of William the Monk. His father's family had lands in several counties in southern England and ...

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Espec, Walter (d. 1147x58), baron and justice, succeeded to the Bedfordshire estates held in 1086 by William Spech, possibly his father or maternal uncle, and by c.1122 had acquired (probably from the crown) additional lands centred on Wark, Northumberland, and Helmsley, Yorkshire...

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Eustace fitz John (d. 1157) coin © Copyright The British Museum

Article

T. F. Tout

revised by Paul Dalton

Eustace fitz John (d. 1157), justice and baron, was the son of John fitz Richard (b. before 1056), a minor tenant-in-chief in Essex and Norfolk, and an unknown mother. He succeeded Serlo de Burg, who is said (perhaps wrongly) to have been his uncle and to have founded the castle of ...

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Fortescue, Sir Adrian (c. 1481–1539), landowner and alleged traitor, was the second son of Sir John Fortescue (d. 1500) of Punsborne, near Hatfield, Hertfordshire, and Alice, daughter of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn (and great-aunt of Anne Boleyn). Sir John had arranged for ...

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Graham, Sir Robert, of Kinpont (d. 1437), landowner and assassin, was the third son of Patrick Graham of Kincardine and his second wife, Euphemia, daughter of John Stewart of Ralston. Possibly intended for the church, he was educated at the University of Paris...

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Philip Howard [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595) by unknown artist reproduced by kind permission of His Grace the Duke of Norfolk. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...

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Thomas Kennedy, ninth earl of Cassillis (1726–1775) by William Mosman, 1746 Culzean Castle collection; courtesy of The National Trust for Scotland

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Kennedy, Thomas, ninth earl of Cassillis (1726–1775), smuggler and landowner, was born on 12 February 1726, the seventeenth child and second surviving son of Sir John Kennedy of Culzean, second baronet (d. 1742), and Jean Douglas (d. 1767), daughter of Andrew Douglas...

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Kingston, Sir Anthony (c. 1508–1556), landowner and conspirator, was the only son of Sir William Kingston (d. 1540) of Elmore and Painswick, Gloucestershire. Since he began to acquire stewardships and other minor offices in Gloucestershire in 1528, Anthony was probably born about 1508, or perhaps a little earlier. Nothing is known of his upbringing, but the conventional education of the son of a substantial gentleman and courtier can be assumed. His first significant preferment was as keeper of ...

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See Leslie, George, first earl of Rothes

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Logan, Robert, of Restalrig (1555–1606), landowner and conspirator, was the only son of Sir Robert Logan (c.1533–1561), sixth laird of Restalrig, and his wife, Agnes Gray (c.1540–1585), daughter of Patrick Gray, fourth Lord Gray. He was descended from a family of ...

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Lowther, Sir John (1582–1637), landowner and barrister, was born at Lowther, Westmorland, on 4 February 1582 and baptized in Lowther church on 24 February, the second (but first surviving) son in the family of eight sons and one daughter of Sir Christopher Lowther (1557–1617)...

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Marmion, Robert (d. 1216x18), baron and justice, was the son of Robert Marmion of Tamworth, Staffordshire, and his wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of Hugues, count of Rethel, near Rheims. The death of his father, about October 1181, made the younger Robert a leading baron in the ...

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Marshal, Sir John (d. 1235), baron and justice, of Hingham (or Hockering), was on the evidence of one of his charters to Walsingham Priory an illegitimate son of John Marshal of Hampstead Marshall (c.1145–1194), the elder brother of William Marshal the elder, ...