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Castro, Alfonso de (c. 1495–1558), Franciscan friar and jurist, was born in Zamora (León), not far from the Castilian-Portuguese border, and in 1510 or 1511, at about the age of fifteen, he entered the friary of San Francisco in Salamanca. About 1516, or even earlier, he went to study at the ...

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Peter Dene (d. in or after 1334) stained glass reproduced by kind permission of the Dean and Chapter of York

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Dene, Peter (d. in or after 1334), canon lawyer and monk, no doubt derived from one of the villages called Dean in Sussex. A secular priest of the Chichester diocese, he began to acquire benefices in Sussex by the late 1280s and, later, benefices elsewhere. By 1287 ...

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Eustace the Monk (c. 1170–1217) drawing [far right] Master and Fellows of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge

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Eustace the Monk (c. 1170–1217), Benedictine monk, sea captain, and pirate, was the son of Baudoin Busket, a lord of the county of Boulogne. According to his biography, Eustace studied black magic in Toledo, returned home to become a monk at the abbey of ...

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Marlborough, Thomas of (d. 1236), historian, lawyer, and abbot of Evesham, presumably came from Marlborough in Wiltshire. He studied at Paris under Stephen Langton (d. 1228), most likely arts, when Richard Poor or Poore (d. 1235) was his fellow student: this was probably in the 1180s. He describes ...

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Nevinson [Nevynson], Christopher (d. 1551), civil lawyer and Benedictine monk, was the eldest son of Rowland Nevinson of Briggend in the parish of Wetheral in Cumberland. His cousin Stephen Nevinson was also a civil lawyer and came from a minor Westmorland gentry family. ...

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Thomas Pickering (1621?–1679) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Pickering, Thomas (1621?–1679), Benedictine monk and victim of the Popish Plot, was probably born in 1621 as a member of the Pickering family of the barony of Kendal in Westmorland. His father was killed during the civil wars. He made his profession as a lay brother of ...

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Quesnel [Quesuel], Peter (fl. c. 1320), Franciscan friar, canonist, and pastoral theologian, is known only through his popular handbook, Directorium iuris in foro conscientiae et juridiciali, where he is referred to in at least one early manuscript as a Franciscan friar. Bale states that a copy of his work was in the library of ...

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Senlis, Adam de [Adam of Evesham] (d. 1189), abbot of Evesham and canon lawyer, was probably related to the lords of Chantilly and the earls of Northampton. He entered the Cluniac priory of La Charité-sur-Loire and on 6 June 1157 became prior of ...