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Annan, James Craig (1864–1946), photographer, was born on 8 March 1864, the second of the seven children of Thomas Annan (1829/30–1887), photographer, and his wife, Mary Young Craig, at 15 Burnbank Road, Hamilton, Lanarkshire, in Talbot Cottage, named after William Henry Fox Talbot...

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Annan, Thomas (1829/30–1887), photographer, was apparently the fifth of the seven children of John Annan (1792–1869), a farmer, flax spinner, and corn miller, who lived in the parish of Dairsie in Fife, and his wife, Agnes Bell (1791?–1878). He left home in November 1845 to begin an apprenticeship as a lithographic writer and engraver with the ...

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Caldwell, Andrew (1733–1808), barrister and connoisseur of architecture, was born on 19 December 1733, the eldest of the ten children of Charles Caldwell (1707–1776), solicitor to the commissioners of revenue in Ireland, and his wife, Elizabeth (1709–1792), daughter of Benjamin Heywood, merchant, of ...

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Cameron, Sir David Young (1865–1945), painter and etcher, was born on 28 June 1865 at 1 Queen's Terrace, Glasgow, the fourth of the nine children and elder surviving son of the Revd Robert Cameron (1825–1898), minister of Cambridge Street United Presbyterian Church in ...

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Carmichael, Thomas David Gibson, Baron Carmichael (1859–1926), administrator in India and art collector, was born at Castlecraig, near Edinburgh, on 18 March 1859, the eldest son of the Revd Sir William Henry Gibson Carmichael, tenth baronet (1827–1891), and his wife, Eleanora Anne (...

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Cowie, James (1886–1956), painter, was born on 16 May 1886 at Netherton of Dalgety, a small upland farm near the village of Cuminestown in Aberdeenshire, the second of three sons of Peter Smart Cowie (1858–1919) and his wife, Katherine Tennant (1859–1926). With many generations of nonconformist farming folk in his ancestry, ...

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Duncan, John (1794–1881), hand-loom weaver and botanist, was born on 19 December 1794 at Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, the illegitimate son of John Duncan, weaver and soldier, from Drumlithie, and Ann Caird (c.1773–c.1830), also of Drumlithie, who decided to support herself and her child by weaving stockings and harvesting at nearby ...

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Graham, James Gillespie (1776–1855), architect, was born on 11 June 1776 in Dunblane, where he was baptized on 17 June, the elder son of Malcolm Gillespie, sheriff-substitute of Dunblane. Of his early life and education, nothing is known. Possibly involved in the pre-1800 remodelling of ...

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Hamilton, David (1768–1843), architect, was born in Glasgow on 11 May 1768 and baptized there on 14 May, the son of Lesmahagow-born mason William Hamilton and Helen Liddel. He is described in his obituary as self-taught, but copies of unpublished Adam projects in ...

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Hamilton, Thomas (1784–1858), architect, was born on 11 January 1784 in Glasgow, the son of Thomas Hamilton, mason and builder (1758?–1824), and his wife, Jean Stevenson, whom he had married in Edinburgh. Hamilton senior moved to the capital in 1790, preceded by his brother ...

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Herbert, William (1718–1795), bibliographer and printseller, was born on 29 November 1718, the second of five children of Thomas Herbert (c.1691–1721), a dyer and hosier of Gravel Lane, Southwark, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1748). His parents were Londoners and Presbyterians. What is known of his first thirty years derives from ...

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Hone, Nathaniel (1718–1784), painter, was born on 24 April 1718 at Wood Quay in Dublin. He was descended from a family of goldsmiths. His father was Nathaniel Hone, a merchant in Dublin and treasurer of the congregation of Eustace Street Presbyterian Chapel, and his mother, ...

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Johnson, Isaac (1754–1835), topographical artist and land surveyor, was born at Pettistree Lodge, near Wickham Market, Suffolk, and baptized in Pettistree church on 27 January 1754, the second of three artistic sons of John Johnson (c.1722–1780), land surveyor and farm bailiff, and ...

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W. E. Le Gros Clark

revised by Harold Ellis

Keith, Sir Arthur (1866–1955), museum curator and palaeoanthropologist, was born on 5 February 1866 at Old Machar, Aberdeenshire, the sixth of the ten children of John Keith, a farmer, and his wife, Jessica (Jessie) Macpherson. To prepare for a medical education he went to ...

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Kemp, George Meikle [pseud. John Morvo] (1795–1844), architect, was born on 26 May 1795, at Hillriggs Farm, near Biggar, Lanarkshire, the son of James Kemp, a shepherd, and his wife, Jean Mulberry or Mowbray (d. c.1827), a family frequently on poor relief. Showing an early fondness for drawing, carving, and woodwork (he made furniture throughout his life), he was apprenticed as a carpenter to ...

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Leitch, Archibald (1865–1939), engineer and architect, was born on 27 April 1865 at 1 Comleypark Street, Glasgow, the fourth of six children of Archibald Leitch (1830–1907), a blacksmith, and Agnes, née Kent (1833–1911). In 1876 he won a place at Hutchesons' Boys' Grammar School...

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Leitch, William Leighton (1804–1883), landscape painter and drawing-master, was born in Glasgow on 2 November 1804, the son of Richard Leitch, who had been in the navy and army and retired in 1815, and Elisabeth Hardie. Educated in Glasgow, Leitch worked in a lawyer's office and a weaver's shop, and then as a house painter, but spent his evenings drawing with ...

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Mackintosh, Charles Rennie (1868–1928), architect, decorative artist, and watercolour painter, was born on 7 June 1868 at 70 Parson Street, Glasgow, the fourth of the eleven children of William McIntosh (c.1837–1908), a clerk in the Glasgow police force, and his first wife, ...

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Maclise, Daniel (bap. 1806, d. 1870), painter, was the son of Alexander McLeish or McClise (1777–1861), a soldier of Scottish parentage who served in the Elgin fencibles in Ireland, and married Rebecca Buchanan in Cork on 24 December 1797. After leaving the army in 1801 he ran a tanning yard and shoemaking business supplying army contracts at ...

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McTaggart, William (1835–1910), painter, was born on 25 October 1835 at Aros in Kintyre, the third of the eight children of Dugald McTaggart (1797–1861) and Barbara Brolochan (also known as Brodie; 1804–1884). He was baptized on 28 October at Campbeltown. In the artist's earliest years his father was a crofter working difficult land. By 1841 the family had moved to ...