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Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician  

David L. Smith

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician, was the eldest of three illegitimate sons of Charles Blount, earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), and Lady Penelope Rich (1563–1607), daughter of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex; his parents were eventually to marry, contrary to canon law, in 1605. He was the half-brother of ...

Article

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier  

Pauline Croft

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier, was born on 1 June 1563 at Cecil House, Strand, Westminster, the second surviving child and only son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), statesman, then secretary of state and from 1572 lord treasurer, and his second wife, ...

Article

Douglas, Charles, third duke of Queensberry and second duke of Dover (1698–1778), courtier and politician  

William C. Lowe

Douglas, Charles, third duke of Queensberry and second duke of Dover (1698–1778), courtier and politician, the son of James Douglas, second duke of Queensberry and first duke of Dover (1662–1711), and his wife, Mary Boyle (1670/71–1709), daughter of Charles, Lord Clifford, was born at ...

Article

Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634), courtier and politician  

Julian Goodare

Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of John Erskine, seventeenth or first earl of Mar (d. 1572), and his wife, Annabella Murray (d. 1603). His extensive estates were mainly in Stirlingshire...

Article

Fremantle, Sir William Henry (1766–1850), politician and courtier  

G. B. Smith

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Fremantle, Sir William Henry (1766–1850), politician and courtier, the youngest son of John Fremantle (d. 1784) of Aston Abbots, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Frances, daughter of John Edwards of Bristol, was born on 28 December 1766. The naval officer Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle...

Article

Hatton, Sir Christopher (c. 1540–1591), courtier and politician  

Wallace T. MacCaffrey

Hatton, Sir Christopher (c. 1540–1591), courtier and politician, was the second son of William Hatton (d. 1547) of Holdenby, Northamptonshire, and Alice, daughter of Lawrence Saunders. The family were lesser gentry with modest resources. Hatton entered St Mary Hall, Oxford, c.1556–7, probably as a gentleman commoner, where ...

Article

Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650), courtier and politician  

David L. Smith

Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650), courtier and politician, was born on 10 October 1584 at Wilton House, Wiltshire, the younger son of Henry Herbert, second earl of Pembroke (d. 1601), and his third wife, Mary Herbert, ...

Article

Thynne, Thomas, third Viscount Weymouth and first marquess of Bath (1734–1796), courtier and politician  

H. M. Scott

Thynne, Thomas, third Viscount Weymouth and first marquess of Bath (1734–1796), courtier and politician, was born on 13 September 1734, the eldest son and heir of Thomas Thynne, second Viscount Weymouth (1710–1751), landowner, and his second wife, Louisa (d. 1736), the second daughter of ...

Article

Verney, Sir Edmund (1590–1642), courtier and politician  

Susan E. Whyman

Verney, Sir Edmund (1590–1642), courtier and politician, was born on 1 January 1590 in Drury Lane, London, the second son of Sir Edmund Verney (1535–1600), knight of Penley, Hertfordshire, and his third wife, Mary Blakeney (d. 1642). Sir Edmund's first well-documented ancestor, ...