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Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician  

David L. Smith

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician, was the eldest of three illegitimate sons of Charles Blount, earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), and Lady Penelope Rich (1563–1607), daughter of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex; his parents were eventually to marry, contrary to canon law, in 1605. He was the half-brother of ...

Article

Bothmer, Hans Kaspar [Johann] von, Count Bothmer in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1656–1732), courtier and diplomat  

Andrew C. Thompson

Bothmer, Hans Kaspar [Johann] von, Count Bothmer in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1656–1732), courtier and diplomat, was born on 10 April 1656 ns in Lauenbrück, in the Celle portion of the duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, northern Germany, the eldest son of ...

Article

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier  

S. J. Gunn

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

Article

Brett, Reginald Baliol, second Viscount Esher (1852–1930), courtier  

William M. Kuhn

Brett, Reginald Baliol, second Viscount Esher (1852–1930), courtier, was born on 30 June 1852 at 19 Prince's Terrace, Kensington, London, the eldest of three children of William Baliol Brett, first Viscount Esher (1815–1899), barrister and later master of the rolls, and his wife, ...

Article

Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America  

John D. Krugler

Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

Article

Carew, Sir Nicholas (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539), diplomat and courtier  

Stanford Lehmberg

Carew, Sir Nicholas (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539), diplomat and courtier, was the eldest son of Sir Richard Carew (d. 1520) of Beddington, Surrey, and Maline, daughter of Robert Oxenbridge (d. 1488) of Ford Place in Brede, Sussex. The main line of his ancient family had settled at ...

Article

Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596), courtier and administrator  

Wallace T. MacCaffrey

Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596), courtier and administrator, was born on 4 March 1526, the only son of William Carey (c. 1496–1528), courtier, of Aldenham, Hertfordshire, and his wife, Mary [see Stafford, Mary (c. 1499-1543)], royal mistress, daughter of Thomas Boleyn, ...

Article

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier  

Pauline Croft

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier, was born on 1 June 1563 at Cecil House, Strand, Westminster, the second surviving child and only son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), statesman, then secretary of state and from 1572 lord treasurer, and his second wife, ...

Article

Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier  

Richard Milward

Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier, was born in Cambridge on 5 May 1542, the eldest son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), and his first wife, Mary (c.1520–1544), sister of John Cheke. His mother died when he was less than two years old and he never seems to have aroused any affection in his puritanical stepmother, ...

Article

Douglas, Charles, third duke of Queensberry and second duke of Dover (1698–1778), courtier and politician  

William C. Lowe

Douglas, Charles, third duke of Queensberry and second duke of Dover (1698–1778), courtier and politician, the son of James Douglas, second duke of Queensberry and first duke of Dover (1662–1711), and his wife, Mary Boyle (1670/71–1709), daughter of Charles, Lord Clifford, was born at ...

Article

Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester (1532/3–1588), courtier and magnate  

Simon Adams

Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester (1532/3–1588), courtier and magnate, was born on 24 June 1532 or 1533, the fifth son of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland (1504–1553), royal minister, and his wife, Jane Dudley (1508/9–1555) [see under Dudley, John, duke of Northumberland (1504–1553)...

Article

Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634), courtier and politician  

Julian Goodare

Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of John Erskine, seventeenth or first earl of Mar (d. 1572), and his wife, Annabella Murray (d. 1603). His extensive estates were mainly in Stirlingshire...

Article

Fremantle, Sir William Henry (1766–1850), politician and courtier  

G. B. Smith

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Fremantle, Sir William Henry (1766–1850), politician and courtier, the youngest son of John Fremantle (d. 1784) of Aston Abbots, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Frances, daughter of John Edwards of Bristol, was born on 28 December 1766. The naval officer Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle...

Article

Gage, Sir John (1479–1556), military administrator and courtier  

David Potter

Gage, Sir John (1479–1556), military administrator and courtier, was born on 28 October 1479 at Burstow, Surrey, the only son of William Gage of Burstow (d. 1497) and Agnes (d. 1501), daughter of Bartholomew Bolney, of Bolney, Sussex. He was baptized the same day at ...

Article

Hatton, Sir Christopher (c. 1540–1591), courtier and politician  

Wallace T. MacCaffrey

Hatton, Sir Christopher (c. 1540–1591), courtier and politician, was the second son of William Hatton (d. 1547) of Holdenby, Northamptonshire, and Alice, daughter of Lawrence Saunders. The family were lesser gentry with modest resources. Hatton entered St Mary Hall, Oxford, c.1556–7, probably as a gentleman commoner, where ...

Article

Hay, James, first earl of Carlisle (c. 1580–1636), courtier and diplomat  

Roy E. Schreiber

Hay, James, first earl of Carlisle (c. 1580–1636), courtier and diplomat, was the son of Sir James Hay (d. 1610) of Fingask, comptroller of Scotland in 1608, who lived in Pitscottie, Fife, and was descended from the earls of Erroll; his mother was probably ...

Article

Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650), courtier and politician  

David L. Smith

Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650), courtier and politician, was born on 10 October 1584 at Wilton House, Wiltshire, the younger son of Henry Herbert, second earl of Pembroke (d. 1601), and his third wife, Mary Herbert, ...

Article

Home, George, earl of Dunbar (d. 1611), courtier and administrator  

Maurice Lee jun.

Home, George, earl of Dunbar (d. 1611), courtier and administrator, was the fourth son of Alexander Home of Manderston (d. 1593) and Janet Home (d. 1593), daughter of George Home of Spott. The date of his birth is uncertain. There were many divisions among the ...

Article

Howard, Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan-, sixteenth duke of Norfolk (1908–1975), courtier  

Michael Maclagan

revised

Howard, Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan-, sixteenth duke of Norfolk (1908–1975), courtier, was born at Arundel Castle on 30 May 1908, the only son (there were also three daughters) of Henry Fitzalan-Howard, fifteenth duke of Norfolk (1847–1917), and his second wife, Gwendolen Mary Constable-Maxwell (1877–1945)...

Article

Howard, Henry, earl of Northampton (1540–1614), courtier, administrator, and author  

Pauline Croft

Howard, Henry, earl of Northampton (1540–1614), courtier, administrator, and author, was born on 24 February 1540 at Shottesham, Norfolk, the second son of Henry Howard, styled earl of Surrey (1516/17–1547), poet and courtier, and his wife, Lady Frances de Vere (1517–1577), daughter of ...