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Abercrombie, Sir (Leslie) Patrick (1879–1957), town planner, was born on 6 June 1879 at Green Bank, Sale, Altrincham, one of a family of nine. His father, William Abercrombie (1838–1908), born in Bradford, was a Manchester stockbroker and businessman, with literary and artistic interests; his mother, ...

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Ackling, (Walter) Roger (1947–2014), artist, was born on 11 August 1947 at the West Middlesex Hospital, Twickenham Road, Isleworth, the first child and only son of Walter Frederick Ackling (1921–2013), quantity surveyor, and his wife, Alice Jean, née Lockton...

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Acton, Sir Harold Mario Mitchell (1904–1994), aesthete and author, was born at his parents' magnificent villa at La Pietra, a mile north of Florence, on 5 July 1904, the son of Arthur Mario Acton (d. 1953) and his wife, Hortense Mitchell (...

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S. E. Fryer

revised by Anne MacPhee

Acton, John Adams- (1830–1910), sculptor, was born on 11 December 1830 at Acton Hill, Middlesex, one of the two surviving sons and three daughters of William Adams (1778/9–1836), an artist, and his wife, Helen Elizabeth Humphrey (1794–1878). His sister ...

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Adam, John (1721–1792), architect, was born in Edinburgh. He was the eldest of the four sons of the entrepreneur and architect William Adam (bap. 1689, d. 1748) and his wife, Mary Robertson (1699–1761). He attended Dalkeith grammar school. His father's sudden death in 1748 propelled him into the main stream of Scottish life during the ...

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Adam, Robert (1728–1792), architect, was born at Kirkcaldy in Fife on 3 July 1728, the second son of William Adam (bap. 1689, d. 1748), architect, and his wife, Mary Robertson (1699–1761), the daughter of William Robertson of Gladney. He was educated at the high school of ...

Article

Agasse, Jacques-Laurent (1767–1849), painter, was born on 24 March 1767 at Geneva, and baptized there at the Temple Neuf on 21 April, the son of Philippe Agasse (1739–1827), merchant, and his wife, Catherine Audeoud (1737–1818). His family were merchants of Huguenot origin who had been established in ...

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Aikman, William, of Cairnie (1682–1731), portrait painter, was born on 24 October 1682 at Cairnie, Forfarshire, the second son and fifth child of William Aikman (1646–1699), laird of Cairnie and advocate, and his wife, Margaret Clerk (d. after 1729), daughter of John Clerk...

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Aislabie, William (1699/1700–1781), landscape designer and landowner, was probably born at Studley Royal in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the son of John Aislabie (1670–1742), politician, and his first wife, Anne (d. 1700), daughter of Sir William Rawlinson of Hendon, Middlesex. Details of his education are unknown, beyond that he went on a grand tour in 1720. In 1721 he was returned as an MP for ...

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Aitchison, George (1825–1910), architect, was born in London on 7 November 1825, the son of George Aitchison (1792–1861) and his wife, Maria Freeman. After education at Merchant Taylors' School, London (1835–41), he was articled in 1841 to his father, then architect to the ...

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Aitchison, (John Ronald) Craigie (1926–2009), artist, was born at 12 India Street, Edinburgh, on 13 January 1926, the second son of Craigie Mason Aitchison, later Lord Aitchison (1882–1941), and his wife, Charlotte Mary Forbes, née Jones (d. 1970). Craigie was his paternal grandmother's maiden name. His father was a distinguished Scottish lawyer, Labour then National Labour MP for ...

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Alexander, Cosmo (1724–1772), portrait painter and traveller, was born probably in Aberdeen, the son and pupil of the Aberdonian painter and engraver John Alexander (1686–c.1766), who had worked in Rome from 1711 to 1719, and his wife, Isobel Innes. John Alexander...

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Alison, Archibald (1757–1839), Scottish Episcopal clergyman and writer on aesthetics, was born in Edinburgh, the son of Archibald Alison (1730–1794), lord provost of the city, originally of Newhall, Coupar Angus, and Margaret Harte (d. 1811), of Listerick, near Edinburgh. Alison was educated at ...

Article

W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Duncan Macmillan

Allan, David (1744–1796), portrait and genre painter, was born at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, on 13 February 1744, the son of David Allan, shoremaster, and Janet Gullan. Allan, who was born prematurely, seems to have been asthmatic and never enjoyed good health. He showed an early proclivity to art, and was dismissed from school for caricaturing his teacher. At eleven, on 23 February 1755, he was apprenticed to the ...

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Allan, Sir William (1782–1850), painter, was born on 4 October 1782 and baptized on 11 October in the Old Kirk, Edinburgh, one of the three children of William Allan, the macer at the court of session and his wife, Mary, née Cram. The family lived at ...

Article

E. T. Cook

revised by David Wootton

Allen, George (1832–1907), engraver and publisher, was born on 26 March 1832 at Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, the son of John Allen (1799–1848), a publican, and his wife, Rebecca, née Wilson (bap. 1795, d. 1878). He was educated at a private grammar school in ...

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Allom, Thomas (1804–1872), architect and artist, was born on 13 March 1804 at Lambeth, the second of the two children of Thomas Allom (1770–1840), a coachman, and his wife, Martha Rampley (1771–1861), who were both originally from Suffolk. He was articled to the architect ...

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Amies, Sir (Edwin) Hardy (1909–2003), dressmaker and fashion designer, was born on 17 July 1909 at 70 Delaware Mansions, Elgin Avenue, Maida Vale, London, the elder son and eldest of the three children of Herbert William Amies, a surveyor for London county council...

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Anderson, (Alfred Charles) Stanley (1884–1966), printmaker and watercolour painter, was born on 11 May 1884 at 11 North Road, Bristol, the son of Alfred Ernest Anderson (1859–1939), of Heavitree, Devon, who started his own business as a skilled general and heraldic engraver, and his wife, ...

Article

Anderson, Sir Robert Rowand (1834–1921), architect, was born on 5 April 1834 in Edinburgh, the younger son and third of the four children of James Anderson, a solicitor, and his wife, Margaret Rowand of Glasgow. Anderson studied at George Watson's Hospital, Edinburgh, from 1841 to 1848, before leaving to take up a legal apprenticeship for four years. This he abandoned in 1852, when he joined the office of ...