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Article

Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II  

John Miller

Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II, was born on 12 March 1637 at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor Park, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Hyde (1609–1674), created earl of Clarendon in 1661, and Frances, daughter of ...

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Cover Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671)

Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

In 

Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1660 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Davis [Davies; married name Paisible], Mary [Moll] (c. 1651–1708), actress and royal mistress  

Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

Davis [Davies; married name Paisible], Mary [Moll] (c. 1651–1708), actress and royal mistress, was said to be 'a bastard of Collonell Howard, my Lord Barkeshire' (Pepys, 9.24), a phrase which is more likely to refer to Thomas Howard (...

Article

Elizabeth, Princess [Elizabeth Stuart] (1596–1662), queen of Bohemia and electress palatine, consort of Frederick V  

Ronald G. Asch

Elizabeth, Princess [Elizabeth Stuart] (1596–1662), queen of Bohemia and electress palatine, consort of Frederick V, eldest and only surviving daughter of James VI of Scotland (James I of England) (1566–1625) and his wife, Anne of Denmark (1574–1619), was born at Falkland Palace, Cupar...

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Cover Elizabeth, Princess (1596–1662)

Elizabeth, Princess (1596–1662)  

Maker: Gerrit van Honthorst

Princess Elizabeth (1596–1662) by Gerrit van Honthorst, 1642 © The National Gallery, London

Article

Elizabeth, Princess (1635–1650)  

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Sean Kelsey

Elizabeth, Princess (1635–1650), second daughter of Charles I (1600–1649) and Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), was born at St James's Palace on 28 December 1635 and baptized there by William Laud on 2 January 1636. She had not reached her first birthday when her grandmother, ...

Article

Gwyn, Eleanor [Nell] (1651?–1687), actress and royal mistress  

S. M. Wynne

Gwyn, Eleanor [Nell] (1651?–1687), actress and royal mistress, was born, according to a contemporary horoscope, on 2 February 1651. Her parentage remains obscure, as does her place of birth. Nell had a sister named Rose and her mother was Helena (d...

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Cover Gwyn, Eleanor (1651?–1687)

Gwyn, Eleanor (1651?–1687)  

Maker: Gerard Valck

Eleanor Gwyn (1651?–1687) by Gerard Valck, c. 1673 (after Sir Peter Lely, c. 1670) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Henriette Anne, Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670)

Henriette Anne, Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

In 

Princess Henriette Anne, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1662 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Henriette Anne [formerly Henrietta], Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670)  

John Miller

Henriette Anne [formerly Henrietta], Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670), was born at Bedford House, Exeter, on 16 June 1644, the sixth and youngest of the children of Charles I (1600–1649) and Queen Henrietta Maria (1609–1669) to survive infancy and the eighth in all. By her father's command she was baptized into the ...

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Cover Kéroualle, Louise Renée de Penancoët de, suo jure duchess of Portsmouth and suo jure duchess of Aubigny in the French nobility (1649–1734)

Kéroualle, Louise Renée de Penancoët de, suo jure duchess of Portsmouth and suo jure duchess of Aubigny in the French nobility (1649–1734)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

In 

Louise Renée de Penancoët de Kéroualle, suo jure duchess of Portsmouth and suo jure duchess of Aubigny in the French nobility (1649–1734) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1671–4 © The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles

Article

Kéroualle, Louise Renée de Penancoët de, suo jure duchess of Portsmouth and suo jure duchess of Aubigny in the French nobility (1649–1734), royal mistress  

S. M. Wynne

Kéroualle, Louise Renée de Penancoët de, suo jure duchess of Portsmouth and suo jure duchess of Aubigny in the French nobility (1649–1734), royal mistress, was born in September 1649 at the Manoir de Kéroualle, the family home near Brest, Brittany, France, the second of three children of ...

Article

Mary, princess royal (1631–1660), princess of Orange, consort of William II  

Marika Keblusek

Mary, princess royal (1631–1660), princess of Orange, consort of William II, was born at St James's Palace on 4 November 1631, the eldest daughter of King Charles I (1600–1649) and his queen, Henrietta Maria (1609–1669). Since at first it seemed unlikely she would survive, she was baptized in a sober ceremony by ...

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Cover Mary, princess royal (1631–1660)

Mary, princess royal (1631–1660)  

Maker: Adriaen Hanneman

In 

Mary, princess royal (1631–1660) by Adriaen Hanneman, 1656? private collection

Article

Palmer [née Villiers], Barbara, countess of Castlemaine and suo jure duchess of Cleveland (bap. 1640, d. 1709), royal mistress  

S. M. Wynne

Palmer [née Villiers], Barbara, countess of Castlemaine and suo jure duchess of Cleveland (bap. 1640, d. 1709), royal mistress, was baptized at St Margaret's, Westminster, on 27 November 1640, the only child of William Villiers, second Viscount Grandison (1614–1643), and his wife, ...

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Cover Palmer, Barbara, countess of Castlemaine and suo jure duchess of Cleveland (bap. 1640, d. 1709)

Palmer, Barbara, countess of Castlemaine and suo jure duchess of Cleveland (bap. 1640, d. 1709)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

Barbara Palmer, countess of Castlemaine and suo jure duchess of Cleveland (bap. 1640, d. 1709) studio of Sir Peter Lely, c. 1665–75 [as the Madonna] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Sedley, Catharine, suo jure countess of Dorchester, and countess of Portmore (1657–1717)

Sedley, Catharine, suo jure countess of Dorchester, and countess of Portmore (1657–1717)  

Maker: Isaac Beckett

In 

Catharine Sedley, suo jure countess of Dorchester, and countess of Portmore (1657–1717) by Isaac Beckett (after Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1685) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Sedley, Catharine, suo jure countess of Dorchester, and countess of Portmore (1657–1717), royal mistress  

Andrew Barclay

Sedley, Catharine, suo jure countess of Dorchester, and countess of Portmore (1657–1717), royal mistress, born on 21 December 1657 at Great Queen Street, London, and baptized eight days later at St Giles-in-the-Fields, was the only child of Sir Charles Sedley (bap. 1639, d. 1701)...

Article

Stuart, Jane (c. 1654–1742), the alleged natural daughter of James II  

Eveline Cruickshanks

Stuart, Jane (c. 1654–1742), the alleged natural daughter of James II, was, according to an oral tradition first set down thirty years after her death by Samuel Peckover, a prominent Cambridgeshire Quaker, born in Paris, the daughter of James, duke of York [...

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Cover Villiers [Hamilton], Elizabeth, countess of Orkney (c. 1657–1733)

Villiers [Hamilton], Elizabeth, countess of Orkney (c. 1657–1733)  

Maker: Sir Godfrey Kneller

In 

Elizabeth Villiers, countess of Orkney (c. 1657–1733) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1698 unknown collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London