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Article

Adela, countess of Blois (c. 1067–1137), princess  

Lois L. Huneycutt

Adela, countess of Blois (c. 1067–1137), princess, was in all probability the youngest daughter of William I, the Conqueror (1027/8–1087), and his queen, Matilda of Flanders (d. 1083). Adela's birth date is usually calculated as c.1060–62, but panegyric poetry written for her during adulthood suggests that her father was a crowned king at the time of her birth. It is most likely that ...

Article

Adelida [Adeliza] (d. before 1113), princess  

Elisabeth van Houts

Adelida [Adeliza] (d. before 1113), princess, was probably the eldest of the daughters of William I, the Conqueror (1027/8–1087), and Matilda of Flanders (d. 1083). As Adelida she heads most lists of the names of the Conqueror's daughters, including the one in the mortuary roll of ...

Article

Ælfthryth (d. 929), princess  

Elisabeth van Houts

Ælfthryth (d. 929), princess, was the youngest of three daughters of King Alfred (d. 899) and Queen Ealhswith, daughter of Æthelred Mucel, ealdorman of the 'Gaini'. She also had two brothers. According to her father's biographer Asser, she was educated with her brother ...

Article

Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II  

John Miller

Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II, was born on 12 March 1637 at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor Park, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Hyde (1609–1674), created earl of Clarendon in 1661, and Frances, daughter of ...

Article

Anne, Lady Howard (1475–1511)  

See Howard, Thomas, third duke of Norfolk

Image

Cover Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671)

Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

In 

Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1660 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate  

Anthony Tuck

Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate, was the youngest of the four children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and his mistress, Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403) [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster].

The dates of birth of all four children are uncertain, though there may be some significance in the pattern of gifts from ...

Image

Cover Beaufort, Margaret, countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509)

Beaufort, Margaret, countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509)  

Maker: Pietro Torrigiano

In 

Margaret Beaufort, countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509) by Pietro Torrigiano, 1513 [tomb effigy] © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

Article

Beaufort, Margaret [known as Lady Margaret Beaufort], countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509), royal matriarch  

Michael K. Jones and Malcolm G. Underwood

Beaufort, Margaret [known as Lady Margaret Beaufort], countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509), royal matriarch, was born on 31 May 1443, the daughter and heir of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), from his marriage to Margaret (d. 1482), widow of ...

Article

Bloet, Nest [Nest of Wales, Nest the Welshwoman] (d. 1224/5), royal mistress  

David Crouch

Bloet, Nest [Nest of Wales, Nest the Welshwoman] (d. 1224/5), royal mistress, was the daughter of Iorwerth ab Owain, lord of Caerleon, and Angharad, daughter of Uthred, bishop of Llandaff. She was also known as Nest of Wales or Nest the Welshwoman. She married before 1175 ...

Article

Blount [married names Tailboys, Fiennes de Clinton], Elizabeth (c. 1500–1539x41), royal mistress  

Beverley A. Murphy

Blount [married names Tailboys, Fiennes de Clinton], Elizabeth (c. 1500–1539x41), royal mistress, was the second daughter of John Blount of Kinlet (1484–1531) and his wife, Katherine (1483–1540), heir of Sir Hugh Peshall of Knightley and his wife, Isabel Stanley of Elford...

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Cecily [Cicely] [née Cecily Neville], duchess of York (1415–1495), Yorkist matriarch  

Christopher Harper-Bill

Cecily [Cicely] [née Cecily Neville], duchess of York (1415–1495), Yorkist matriarch, was born on 3 May 1415, eighteenth child of Ralph Neville, first earl of Westmorland (c. 1364–1425), and the tenth from his second marriage, to Joan Beaufort (d. 1440). Some time before 18 October 1424 she was betrothed to ...

Article

Cecily, Viscountess Welles (1469–1507), princess  

Rosemary Horrox

Cecily, Viscountess Welles (1469–1507), princess, was the third daughter of Edward IV (1442–1483) and Elizabeth, née Woodville (c. 1437–1492). Born on 20 March 1469, she was presumably named after her paternal grandmother. In 1473 a marriage alliance between England and Scotland, by which ...

Article

Christina (fl. 1057–1093), princess and Benedictine nun  

Nicholas Hooper

Christina (fl. 1057–1093), princess and Benedictine nun, was the (perhaps younger) daughter of Edward Ætheling (d. 1057), son of Edmund Ironside (d. 1016), and Agatha (d. in or after 1070), a kinswoman of the emperor Heinrich II or Heinrich III. She was born in ...

Article

Churchill [married name Godfrey], Arabella (1649–1730), mistress of King James II  

John Callow

Churchill [married name Godfrey], Arabella (1649–1730), mistress of King James II, was born at Ashe House, Devon, on 28 February 1649, and baptized at St Michael's Church, Musbury, Devon, on 16 March 1649. She was the daughter of Sir Winston Churchill (bap. 1620, d. 1688)...

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Clifford, Rosamund [called Fair Rosamund] (b. before 1140?, d. 1175/6), royal mistress  

T. A. Archer

revised by Elizabeth Hallam

Clifford, Rosamund [called Fair Rosamund] (b. before 1140?, d. 1175/6), royal mistress, was the daughter of Walter Clifford and Margaret, daughter of Ralph de Tosny, and was born probably before 1140. She is linked to Henry II by a grant, recorded in the hundred rolls of 1274, made by the king of the manor of ...

Article

Constance, duchess of Brittany (c. 1161–1201)  

Michael Jones

Constance, duchess of Brittany (c. 1161–1201), was the only daughter and sole heir of Conan (IV), duke of Brittany (c. 1135–1171), and Margaret, daughter of Henry, earl of Huntingdon (d. 1152), and Ada de Warenne (d. 1178), and sister to Malcolm IV...

Article

Davis [Davies; married name Paisible], Mary [Moll] (c. 1651–1708), actress and royal mistress  

Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

Davis [Davies; married name Paisible], Mary [Moll] (c. 1651–1708), actress and royal mistress, was said to be 'a bastard of Collonell Howard, my Lord Barkeshire' (Pepys, 9.24), a phrase which is more likely to refer to Thomas Howard (...

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Brittany], suo jure duchess of Brittany (1182x4–1241), princess  

Michael Jones

Eleanor [Eleanor of Brittany], suo jure duchess of Brittany (1182x4–1241), princess, was the elder daughter of Geoffrey, duke of Brittany, and Constance, duchess of Brittany, and sister of Arthur, duke of Brittany. At her father's death in August 1186 she was heir to the duchy, and ...

Article

Eleanor [née Eleanor Cobham], duchess of Gloucester (c. 1400–1452), alleged sorcerer  

G. L. Harriss

Eleanor [née Eleanor Cobham], duchess of Gloucester (c. 1400–1452), alleged sorcerer, was the second wife of Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, and attracted notoriety when convicted and imprisoned for treasonable necromancy in 1441. The fourth child of Sir Reginald (or Reynold) Cobham of ...