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Article

Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II  

John Miller

Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II, was born on 12 March 1637 at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor Park, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Hyde (1609–1674), created earl of Clarendon in 1661, and Frances, daughter of ...

Article

Anne, Lady Howard (1475–1511)  

See Howard, Thomas, third duke of Norfolk

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Cover Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671)

Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

In 

Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1660 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate  

Anthony Tuck

Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate, was the youngest of the four children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and his mistress, Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403) [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster].

The dates of birth of all four children are uncertain, though there may be some significance in the pattern of gifts from ...

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Cover Beaufort, Margaret, countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509)

Beaufort, Margaret, countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509)  

Maker: Pietro Torrigiano

In 

Margaret Beaufort, countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509) by Pietro Torrigiano, 1513 [tomb effigy] © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

Article

Beaufort, Margaret [known as Lady Margaret Beaufort], countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509), royal matriarch  

Michael K. Jones and Malcolm G. Underwood

Beaufort, Margaret [known as Lady Margaret Beaufort], countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509), royal matriarch, was born on 31 May 1443, the daughter and heir of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), from his marriage to Margaret (d. 1482), widow of ...

Article

Blount [married names Tailboys, Fiennes de Clinton], Elizabeth (c. 1500–1539x41), royal mistress  

Beverley A. Murphy

Blount [married names Tailboys, Fiennes de Clinton], Elizabeth (c. 1500–1539x41), royal mistress, was the second daughter of John Blount of Kinlet (1484–1531) and his wife, Katherine (1483–1540), heir of Sir Hugh Peshall of Knightley and his wife, Isabel Stanley of Elford...

Article

Cecily [Cicely] [née Cecily Neville], duchess of York (1415–1495), Yorkist matriarch  

Christopher Harper-Bill

Cecily [Cicely] [née Cecily Neville], duchess of York (1415–1495), Yorkist matriarch, was born on 3 May 1415, eighteenth child of Ralph Neville, first earl of Westmorland (c. 1364–1425), and the tenth from his second marriage, to Joan Beaufort (d. 1440). Some time before 18 October 1424 she was betrothed to ...

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Cecily, Viscountess Welles (1469–1507), princess  

Rosemary Horrox

Cecily, Viscountess Welles (1469–1507), princess, was the third daughter of Edward IV (1442–1483) and Elizabeth, née Woodville (c. 1437–1492). Born on 20 March 1469, she was presumably named after her paternal grandmother. In 1473 a marriage alliance between England and Scotland, by which ...

Article

Churchill [married name Godfrey], Arabella (1649–1730), mistress of King James II  

John Callow

Churchill [married name Godfrey], Arabella (1649–1730), mistress of King James II, was born at Ashe House, Devon, on 28 February 1649, and baptized at St Michael's Church, Musbury, Devon, on 16 March 1649. She was the daughter of Sir Winston Churchill (bap. 1620, d. 1688)...

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Davis [Davies; married name Paisible], Mary [Moll] (c. 1651–1708), actress and royal mistress  

Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

Davis [Davies; married name Paisible], Mary [Moll] (c. 1651–1708), actress and royal mistress, was said to be 'a bastard of Collonell Howard, my Lord Barkeshire' (Pepys, 9.24), a phrase which is more likely to refer to Thomas Howard (...

Article

Eleanor [née Eleanor Cobham], duchess of Gloucester (c. 1400–1452), alleged sorcerer  

G. L. Harriss

Eleanor [née Eleanor Cobham], duchess of Gloucester (c. 1400–1452), alleged sorcerer, was the second wife of Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, and attracted notoriety when convicted and imprisoned for treasonable necromancy in 1441. The fourth child of Sir Reginald (or Reynold) Cobham of ...

Article

Eleanor, countess of Pembroke and Leicester (1215?–1275), princess  

Elizabeth Hallam

Eleanor, countess of Pembroke and Leicester (1215?–1275), princess, daughter of King John and Isabella of Angoulême, was born probably in 1215, a year before the death of her father. Her brothers and sisters were the future Henry III, Richard (future earl of Cornwall...

Article

Elizabeth, Princess [Elizabeth Stuart] (1596–1662), queen of Bohemia and electress palatine, consort of Frederick V  

Ronald G. Asch

Elizabeth, Princess [Elizabeth Stuart] (1596–1662), queen of Bohemia and electress palatine, consort of Frederick V, eldest and only surviving daughter of James VI of Scotland (James I of England) (1566–1625) and his wife, Anne of Denmark (1574–1619), was born at Falkland Palace, Cupar...

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Cover Elizabeth, Princess (1596–1662)

Elizabeth, Princess (1596–1662)  

Maker: Gerrit van Honthorst

Princess Elizabeth (1596–1662) by Gerrit van Honthorst, 1642 © The National Gallery, London

Article

Elizabeth, Princess (1635–1650)  

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Sean Kelsey

Elizabeth, Princess (1635–1650), second daughter of Charles I (1600–1649) and Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), was born at St James's Palace on 28 December 1635 and baptized there by William Laud on 2 January 1636. She had not reached her first birthday when her grandmother, ...

Article

Gwyn, Eleanor [Nell] (1651?–1687), actress and royal mistress  

S. M. Wynne

Gwyn, Eleanor [Nell] (1651?–1687), actress and royal mistress, was born, according to a contemporary horoscope, on 2 February 1651. Her parentage remains obscure, as does her place of birth. Nell had a sister named Rose and her mother was Helena (d...

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Cover Gwyn, Eleanor (1651?–1687)

Gwyn, Eleanor (1651?–1687)  

Maker: Gerard Valck

Eleanor Gwyn (1651?–1687) by Gerard Valck, c. 1673 (after Sir Peter Lely, c. 1670) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Henriette Anne, Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670)

Henriette Anne, Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

In 

Princess Henriette Anne, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1662 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Henriette Anne [formerly Henrietta], Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670)  

John Miller

Henriette Anne [formerly Henrietta], Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670), was born at Bedford House, Exeter, on 16 June 1644, the sixth and youngest of the children of Charles I (1600–1649) and Queen Henrietta Maria (1609–1669) to survive infancy and the eighth in all. By her father's command she was baptized into the ...