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Adeliza [Adeliza of Louvain] (c. 1103–1151), queen of England, second consort of Henry I  

Lois L. Huneycutt

Adeliza [Adeliza of Louvain] (c. 1103–1151), queen of England, second consort of Henry I, was a daughter of Godfrey, count of Lower Lorraine and duke of Brabant (d. 1139), and his first wife, Ide, daughter of Henri (III), count of Namur. Adeliza's...

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Anne [Anne of Bohemia] (1366–1394), queen of England, first consort of Richard II  

Nigel Saul

Anne [Anne of Bohemia] (1366–1394), queen of England, first consort of Richard II, was the eldest daughter of the Emperor Charles IV and his fourth wife, Elizabeth of Pomerania. She was born at Prague on 11 May 1366. Little is known of her early life, but it is likely that she received an informal education at court. Her marriage to the ...

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Cover Anne [of Bohemia] (1366–1394)
Anne (1366–1394) tomb effigy © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Balthild [St Balthild, Balthilda] (d. c. 680), queen of the Franks, consort of Clovis II of Neustria  

Janet L. Nelson

Balthild [St Balthild, Balthilda] (d. c. 680), queen of the Franks, consort of Clovis II of Neustria, was a Saxon, almost certainly born in England, probably in the early or mid-630s. She became a Frankish queen and founded the convent of Chelles, to which she retired during the last years of her life. There she was revered as a saint soon after her death. Her life, written before 690–91 by someone at ...

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Berengaria [Berengaria of Navarre] (c. 1165–1230), queen of England, consort of Richard I  

Elizabeth Hallam

Berengaria [Berengaria of Navarre] (c. 1165–1230), queen of England, consort of Richard I, was the eldest daughter of Sancho VI, king of Navarre (1150–1194), and Sancha, daughter of Alfonso VII of Castile. She was born in Navarre, probably during the 1160s, her eldest brother being the future ...

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Cover Catherine [of Valois] (1401–1437)
Catherine (1401–1437) wooden funeral effigy © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Catherine [Catherine of Valois] (1401–1437), queen of England, consort of Henry V  

Michael Jones

Catherine [Catherine of Valois] (1401–1437), queen of England, consort of Henry V, was the youngest daughter of Charles VI of France (r. 1380–1422) and Isabella of Bavaria. She was born at the Hôtel St Pol in Paris on 27 October 1401. Her childhood was clouded by the impoverishment of the royal family and political divisions between the Armagnac and Burgundian factions in ...

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Eadgifu (d. in or after 951), queen of the West Franks, consort of Charles III  

Janet L. Nelson

Eadgifu (d. in or after 951), queen of the West Franks, consort of Charles III, was born in Wessex, the daughter of Edward the Elder, king of the Anglo-Saxons (d. 924), and his second wife, Ælfflæd, and thus half-sister of Æthelstan, king of England...

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Provence] (c. 1223–1291), queen of England, consort of Henry III  

Margaret Howell

Eleanor [Eleanor of Provence] (c. 1223–1291), queen of England, consort of Henry III, was born in Provence, the second of four daughters of the count, Raymond-Berengar (V) (1209–1245), and his wife, Béatrice (d. 1265), the daughter of Thomas, count of Savoy. The births of two sons—probably twins—preceded the births of the four daughters, but the boys died very young. The beauty of the daughters, who all became queens, was legendary. ...

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Cover Eleanor [of Provence] (c. 1223–1291)
Eleanor (c. 1223–1291) drawing [in the stern of a ship] The British Library

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Eleanor of Brittany (1275–1342), abbess of Fontevrault  

Berenice M. Kerr

Eleanor of Brittany (1275–1342), abbess of Fontevrault, the sixth and youngest child of John (II), duke of Brittany (d. 1305), and Beatrice (d. 1275), daughter of Henry III, took the veil at Amesbury probably at the same time as her grandmother ...

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Cover Eleanor [of Aquitaine], suo jure duchess of Aquitaine (c. 1122–1204)
Eleanor, suo jure duchess of Aquitaine (c. 1122–1204) tomb effigy, early 13th cent. photograph: AKG London

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Aquitaine], suo jure duchess of Aquitaine (c. 1122–1204), queen of France, consort of Louis VII, and queen of England, consort of Henry II  

Jane Martindale

Eleanor [Eleanor of Aquitaine], suo jure duchess of Aquitaine (c. 1122–1204), queen of France, consort of Louis VII, and queen of England, consort of Henry II, was the elder daughter of Guillaume, eighth count of Poitou, and tenth duke of Aquitaine (1099–1137), and of his wife, ...

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Cover Emma (d. 1052)
Emma (d. 1052) drawing [Left to right] , Edward [Edward the Confessor] (1003x5–1066), and Harthacnut (c.1018–1042) ] The British Library

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Emma [Ælfgifu] (d. 1052), queen of England, second consort of Æthelred II, and second consort of King Cnut  

Simon Keynes

Emma [Ælfgifu] (d. 1052), queen of England, second consort of Æthelred II, and second consort of King Cnut, was the daughter of Richard (I), count of Rouen (d. 996), and of Richard's second wife, Gunnor (d. 1031), herself of Norman stock and Danish origin; she was thus the sister of ...

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Cover Isabella [of Angoulême] (c. 1188–1246)
Isabella (c. 1188–1246) tomb effigy photograph: AKG London

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Isabel [Isabella] of Castile, duchess of York (1355–1392), princess  

Jenny Stratford

Isabel [Isabella] of Castile, duchess of York (1355–1392), princess, was the third and youngest daughter of King Pedro I of Castile and his vivacious and aristocratic mistress, Maria de Padilla, who died in 1361. Pedro’s estranged French wife, Blanche of Bourbon...

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Isabella [Isabella of France] (1389–1409), queen of England, second consort of Richard II  

J. L. Kirby

Isabella [Isabella of France] (1389–1409), queen of England, second consort of Richard II, was the daughter of Charles VI, king of France (d. 1422) (r. 1380–1422), and Isabella of Bavaria. She was born at the Louvre in Paris on 9 November 1389. ...

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Isabella [Isabella of Angoulême], suo jure countess of Angoulême (c. 1188–1246), queen of England, second consort of King John  

Nicholas Vincent

Isabella [Isabella of Angoulême], suo jure countess of Angoulême (c. 1188–1246), queen of England, second consort of King John, was the only child of Audemar, count of Angoulême (d. 1202), and his wife, Adalmues or Alice, widow of Guillaume, count of Jouy...

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Isabella [Elizabeth, Isabella of England] (1214–1241), empress, consort of Frederick II  

D. S. H. Abulafia

Isabella [Elizabeth, Isabella of England] (1214–1241), empress, consort of Frederick II, was the second daughter and fourth child of John, king of England, and his queen, Isabella of Angoulême. Her nurse, Margaret, who had an allowance of 1d. a day from the ...