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Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I  

Maureen M. Meikle and Helen Payne

Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I, was born on 12 December 1574 at Skanderborg Castle in Jutland, Denmark. She was the second daughter of Frederick II (1534–1588), king of Denmark and Norway...

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Cover Anne [Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619)
Anne (1574–1619) by Paul van Somer, 1617 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Cover Catherine (1638–1705)
Catherine (1638–1705) by Jacob Huysmans, c. 1664 [as a shepherdess] The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Catherine [Catherine of Braganza, Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança] (1638–1705), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles II  

S. M. Wynne

Catherine [Catherine of Braganza, Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança] (1638–1705), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles II, was born on 25 November 1638 ns at the Vila Viçosa in Alentejo, Portugal, the third but only surviving daughter of the five children of ...

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Ena, princess of Battenberg (1887–1969), queen of Spain, consort of Alfonso XIII  

Gerard Noel

Ena, princess of Battenberg (1887–1969), queen of Spain, consort of Alfonso XIII, was born Victoria Eugénie Julie Ena at Balmoral on 24 September 1887, the second child and only daughter of Princess Beatrice (1857–1944) and Prince Henry of Battenberg (1858–1896) [see under...

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Cover Eugénie (1826–1920)

Eugénie (1826–1920)  

Maker: Franz Xaver Winterhalter

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Eugénie (1826–1920) by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1855 [L'Impératrice Eugénie entourée de ses dames d'honneur] Château de Compiègne, Oise, France, Giraudon / Bridgeman Art Library

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Eugénie (1826–1920), empress of the French and exile  

Pamela Pilbeam

Eugénie (1826–1920), empress of the French and exile, was born Maria Eugénia Ignacia Augustina de Guzmán in Granada, Spain, on 28 May 1826, the daughter of Don Cipriano Palafox de Guzmán y Portocarrero, count of Teba (1786–1839), who was from 1834 count of Montijo...

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Cover Henrietta Maria (1609–1669)
Henrietta Maria (1609–1669) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1632 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Henrietta Maria [Princess Henrietta Maria of France] (1609–1669), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles I  

Caroline M. Hibbard

Henrietta Maria [Princess Henrietta Maria of France] (1609–1669), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles I, was born at the Louvre Palace in Paris on 16/26 November 1609, the fifth surviving child and youngest daughter of Henri IV, king of France and Navarre...

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Cover Katherine (1485–1536)
Katherine (1485–1536) by Lucas Horenbout, c. 1525–6 in the collection of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry KT

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Katherine [Catalina, Catherine, Katherine of Aragon] (1485–1536), queen of England, first consort of Henry VIII  

C. S. L. Davies and John Edwards

Katherine [Catalina, Catherine, Katherine of Aragon] (1485–1536), queen of England, first consort of Henry VIII, was born in the archbishop of Toledo's palace at Alcalá de Henares, north-east of Madrid, on 16 December 1485.

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Marie-Amélie Thérèse (1782–1866), queen of the French and exile  

Pamela Pilbeam

Marie-Amélie Thérèse (1782–1866), queen of the French and exile, was born at Caserta, near Naples, on 26 April 1782, the daughter of Ferdinand IV (1751–1825), king of Naples and Sicily, and his wife, Maria Carolina (1752–1814), daughter of Maria Theresa, Holy Roman empress...

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Mary [Mary of Modena] (1658–1718), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James II and VII  

Andrew Barclay

Mary [Mary of Modena] (1658–1718), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James II and VII, was born Maria Beatrice Anna Margherita Isabella d'Este on 25 September/5 October 1658 at the Palazzo Ducale, Modena, Italy, the first of two surviving children of ...

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Cover Mary [of Modena] (1658–1718)
Mary (1658–1718) by Willem Wissing, c. 1685 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Murphy, Marie-Louise (1737–1814), royal mistress and artist's model  

Michael Rapport

Murphy, Marie-Louise (1737–1814), royal mistress and artist's model, was born in Rouen, France, on 21 October 1737. Of Irish descent, she was the fifth daughter of Daniel Murphy de Boisfailly (d. 1753), a shoemaker who had served in the French army, and his wife, ...