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Altschul, Annie Therese (1919–2001), psychiatric nurse and teacher, was born into a middle-class Jewish family in Vienna on 18 February 1919, the daughter of Ludwig Altschul and his wife Marie. Despite the early death of her father, she enjoyed an idyllic childhood, which was enriched by her close family and the access she had to a diverse range of cultural activities. Her mother encouraged interest in the arts, sciences, and humanities, but ultimately it was mathematics that she chose for her undergraduate studies at the ...

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Annie Altschul (1919–2001), by unknown photographer

Royal College of Nursing

Article

Ballin, Ada Sarah (1862–1906), magazine editor and proprietor, and writer on health, was born on 4 May 1862 at 47 Woburn Place, Bloomsbury, London, first of the three children of Isaac Ballin (c.1811–1897), merchant and furrier, and his wife, Annie, née...

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Bobath [née Busse], Berta Ottilie (1907–1991), physiotherapist, was born in Berlin on 5 December 1907, the daughter of Hermann Busse, a Jewish manufacturer of dresses. She trained as a remedial gymnast in Germany, and married Kurt Roehl, from whom she later obtained a divorce; the couple had one son, ...

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Edith Bülbring (1903–1990) by Walter Bird Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Bülbring, Edith (1903–1990), pharmacologist and physiologist, was born on 27 December 1903 in Bonn, Germany, the youngest of four children and third daughter of Karl Daniel Bülbring, professor of English at Bonn University, and his wife, Hortense Leonore Kann, a Dutch woman, daughter of a Jewish banker's family in ...

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Doniach [née Abileah], Deborah (1912–2004), immunologist, was born on 6 April 1912 in Geneva, Switzerland, the eldest of the three daughters of Arieh Abileah (1885–1985), a Ukranian-born concert pianist and accompanist of the violinist Josef Szigeti, and his wife, Fée Héltès (1886–1983)...

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Greengross [married name Katz, afterwards Kates], Wendy Elsa (1925–2012), general practitioner and broadcaster, was born at 10 St Mary's Road, Golders Green, London, on 29 April 1925, the daughter of Morris Philip Greengross, formerly Moisze Fiszel Gringross (1892–1970), manufacturing jeweller, and his wife, ...

Article

Heimann [née Klatzko], Paula Gertrude (1899–1982), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 February 1899 in Danzig, Poland, the fourth and youngest child of Russian Jewish parents. Heimann would later reflect that she was a replacement for a sister who had died; indeed this family background is significant in the context of her subsequent analytic experiences. ...

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Hockey [formerly Hochsinger], Lisbeth (1918–2004), nurse, was born Lisbeth Hochsinger in Graz, Austria, on 17 October 1918, the second daughter of Anton Hochsinger and his wife Margarete. Her parents were, according to Lisbeth’s own testimony, quite elderly when she was born, and ...

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Jahoda [married names Lazarsfeld, Albu], Marie [Mitzi] (1907–2001), social psychologist, was born on 26 January 1907 in Vienna, the third of the four children of Carl Jahoda (d. 1926), businessman, and his wife, Betty, née Probst. Her elder brother, Eduard...

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Maker: Jane Bown

Melanie Klein (1882–1960) by Jane Bown, 1959 © Jane Bown

Article

Klein [née Reizes], Melanie (1882–1960), psychoanalyst, was born on 30 March 1882 at Tiefer Gruben 8, Vienna, the daughter of Moritz Reizes (1828–1900), doctor and dentist, and a Jewish scholar from a rigidly Orthodox Polish family, and Libussa Deutsch (1852–1914), the granddaughter of a liberal rabbi. The youngest of four children, she idolized an older sister who died when ...

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Klein [née Reizes], Melanie (1882–1960)

Article

Rickards, Esther (1893–1977), surgeon and socialist activist, was born on 13 July 1893 at 13 James Street, Paddington, London, one of seven children of John Edward Rickards (d. 1903?), veterinary surgeon, and his wife, Annie, formerly Somers. John Rickards had converted to Judaism in order to marry....

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Segal [née Poznańska], Hanna Maria (1918–2011), psychoanalyst, was born on 20 August 1918 in Łódź, Poland, into a family of assimilated Jews, the daughter of Czesław Poznański and his wife, Isabella, née Weintraub. She had one older sister who died aged four of scarlet fever when ...

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Singer [née Cohen], Dorothea Waley (1882–1964), historian of medicine and philanthropist, was born on 17 December 1882, the second daughter of Nathaniel Louis Cohen (d. 1913), stockbroker, and his wife, Julia M. Waley. She took a general arts course at Queen's College, London...

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Winner, Dame Albertine Louisa (1907–1988), physician and medical administrator, was born on 4 March 1907 in Coulsdon, Surrey, the only child of Isidore Winner (who had changed his name from Isidor Wiener on leaving the Netherlands some years previously), hide merchant, and his wife, ...

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Maker: unknown photographer

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Sulammith Wolff (1924–2009) by unknown photographer, pubd. 2010 © reserved