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Abadam, Alice (1856–1940), suffrage activist and women’s rights campaigner  

Alexandra Hughes-Johnson

Abadam, Alice (1856–1940), suffrage activist and women’s rights campaigner, was born in St John’s Wood, London, on 2 January 1856 (census returns 1891, 1939 Register). Her birth was not registered and she was not baptised. She was the youngest of seven children (four daughters and two sons) of ...

Article

Abbott [née Lamond], Wilhelmena Hay [Elizabeth] (1884–1957), women’s movement organizer and suffrage campaigner  

Caitríona Beaumont

Abbott [née Lamond], Wilhelmena Hay [Elizabeth] (1884–1957), women’s movement organizer and suffrage campaigner, was born at Dundee, on 22 May 1884, the second daughter of Margaret McIntyre Morrison (1843/4–1925), and her husband, Andrew Lamond (1847/8–1925), formerly a jute manufacturer, who was a commission agent and import merchant. She had one older sister, ...

Article

Ackroyd, Dame (Dorothy) Elizabeth [Betty] (1910–1987), civil servant and consumer rights campaigner  

Margaret Jones

Ackroyd, Dame (Dorothy) Elizabeth [Betty] (1910–1987), civil servant and consumer rights campaigner, was born at Hydrastin House, Wilpshire, Lancashire, on 13 August 1910, the daughter of Major Charles Harris Ackroyd MC, an army officer, and his wife, Dorothy Margaret Baynes. After being educated privately, she entered ...

Article

Acland [née Cunningham], Alice Sophia, Lady Acland (1849–1935), co-operative movement activist and advocate of women's advancement  

Martin Purvis

Acland [née Cunningham], Alice Sophia, Lady Acland (1849–1935), co-operative movement activist and advocate of women's advancement, was born on 3 February 1849 at Heath Lodge, Petersfield, Hampshire, the eldest daughter of the Revd Francis Macaulay Cunningham (1815/16–1899) and his wife, née Alice Charlotte Poore...

Article

Acland [née Cropper], Eleanor Mary, Lady Acland (1878–1933), politician and suffragist  

Mitzi Auchterlonie

Acland [née Cropper], Eleanor Mary, Lady Acland (1878–1933), politician and suffragist, was born at Tolson Hall, Strickland Kettle, Westmorland, on 27 February 1878, the eldest of the five children (four daughters and one son) of Charles James Cropper (1852–1924) and his wife, the Hon. ...

Article

Adams, Mary Jane Bridges- [née Mary Jane Daltry] (1854–1939), socialist and educationist  

Jane Martin

Adams, Mary Jane Bridges- [née Mary Jane Daltry] (1854–1939), socialist and educationist, was born on 19 October 1854 at Maesycwmer, Bedwas, Monmouthshire, south Wales, the daughter of William Daltry, an engine fitter, and his wife, Margaret Jones. She was born into a family of civil engineers, and her father later held an appointment at the ...

Article

Adamson [née Johnston], Janet Laurel [Jennie] (1882–1962), labour movement activist and politician  

David Doughan

Adamson [née Johnston], Janet Laurel [Jennie] (1882–1962), labour movement activist and politician, was born at Kilmarnock on 9 May 1882, one of the six children of Thomas Johnston, a railway porter, and Elizabeth, née Denton. Her father died young and her mother had to become a dressmaker to support the family. As ...

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Cover Adamson [née Johnston], Janet Laurel (1882–1962)

Adamson [née Johnston], Janet Laurel (1882–1962)  

Maker: Elliott and Fry

In 

Jennie Adamson (1882–1962), by Elliott & Fry, 1945

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

See Addison, Joseph

Article

Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist  

Geoffrey Alderman

Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

Article

See Neave, Airey Middleton Sheffield

Article

Aldred, Joan [née Ferneley] (b. 1546, d. after 1625), Catholic activist and papal pensioner  

Earle Havens

Aldred, Joan [née Ferneley] (b. 1546, d. after 12 Oct 1625), Catholic activist and papal pensioner, was the daughter of John Ferneley of Reed, Hertfordshire. Joan married the London hosier Solomon Aldred (d. 1592) sometime in or before 1578, by which time they likely moved from ...

Article

Alice [married name Alice de Lusignan], suo jure countess of Eu (d. 1246), magnate  

Susan M. Johns

Alice [married name Alice de Lusignan], suo jure countess of Eu (d. 1246), magnate, was the daughter of Henri, count of Eu and lord of Hastings, and Matilda, the daughter of Hamelin (de Warenne), earl of Surrey, and Countess Isabel de Warenne...

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Cover Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964)

Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964)  

Maker: Mrs Albert Broom

In 

Mary Sophia Allen (1878–1964) by Mrs Albert Broom, 1916 [centre, with members of the women police] © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964), police officer  

Vera Di Campli San Vito

Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964), police officer, was born on 12 March 1878 at 2 Marlborough Terrace, Newport Road, Roath, Glamorgan, the daughter of Thomas Isaac Allen (1841–1911), a superintendent of the Great Western Railway, and his wife, Margaret Sophia Carlyle (...

Article

Allfrey, Phyllis Byam Shand (1908–1986), author and politician  

Elaine Campbell

Allfrey, Phyllis Byam Shand (1908–1986), author and politician, was born in Roseau, Dominica, British West Indies, on 24 October 1908, the second daughter of Francis Byam Shand (b. 1879), a lawyer who had come to Dominica from England in the early 1900s, and ...

Article

Amos [née Bunting], Sarah Maclardie (1841–1908), political activist  

Philippa Levine

Amos [née Bunting], Sarah Maclardie (1841–1908), political activist, was born in Manchester, on 22 March 1841, the youngest daughter of Thomas Percival Bunting (1810–1885), a Manchester solicitor and third son of prominent Wesleyan Methodist Jabez Bunting (1779–1858), and his wife, ...

Article

Amrit Kaur [Rajkumari Amrit Kaur] (1889–1964), politician and advocate of women's rights  

Aparna Basu

Amrit Kaur [Rajkumari Amrit Kaur] (1889–1964), politician and advocate of women's rights, was born on 2 February 1889 at Kapurthala Palace, Lucknow. She was the only daughter among the six children of Sir Harnam Singh (1851–1930), youngest son of Sir Raja Randher Singh Bahadur...

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Cover Anderson, Dame Adelaide Mary (1863–1936)

Anderson, Dame Adelaide Mary (1863–1936)  

Maker: Olive Edis

In 

Dame Adelaide Mary Anderson (1863–1936) by Olive Edis, 1930s © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Anderson, Dame Adelaide Mary (1863–1936), civil servant  

Meta Zimmeck

revised

Anderson, Dame Adelaide Mary (1863–1936), civil servant, was born on 8 April 1863 in Melbourne, Australia, the eldest child in the large family of Alexander Gavin Anderson, a Scottish shipbroker, and his wife, Blanche Emily Campbell. Her grandfather was Dr Alexander Anderson, principal of the ...