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Adams, Fanny (1859–1867), murder victim and source of a colloquial expression  

Tony Cross

Adams, Fanny (1859–1867), murder victim and source of a colloquial expression, was born on 30 April 1859 in Tanhouse Lane, Alton, Hampshire, the fourth of seven children of George Adams (b. 1830), a labourer, later a bricklayer, and his wife, Harriet Mills (...

Article

See Addison, Joseph

Article

See Aitken, William Maxwell, first Baron Beaverbrook

Article

See Henry Frederick, Prince, duke of Cumberland and Strathearn

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Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer  

H. S. Torrens

Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving children of Richard Anning (c.1766–1810), cabinet-maker and carpenter, and his wife, ...

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Cover Anning, Mary (1799–1847)

Anning, Mary (1799–1847)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Mary Anning (1799–1847) by unknown artist, before 1842 © The Natural History Museum, London

Article

Armitstead [née Cane; married name Fox], Elizabeth Bridget (1750–1842), courtesan  

Martin J. Levy

Armitstead [née Cane; married name Fox], Elizabeth Bridget (1750–1842), courtesan, was, according to an entry in her journal, born on 11 July 1750. Her parentage, place of birth, and reason for changing her maiden name to Armitstead are unknown, as are the circumstances surrounding her emergence as a prominent courtesan. About 1774 she became the mistress of ...

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Cover Armitstead, Elizabeth Bridget (1750–1842)

Armitstead, Elizabeth Bridget (1750–1842)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Elizabeth Bridget Armitstead (1750–1842) by unknown artist © reserved

Article

Armour, Jean (1765–1834), wife of Robert Burns and subject of poetry  

Valentina Bold

Armour, Jean (1765–1834), wife of Robert Burns and subject of poetry, was born in Mauchline, Ayrshire, on 25 February 1765, the second of the eleven children of James Armour and his wife, Mary Smith. The family lived in Mauchline's Cowgate. James Armour was a master mason whose work included ...

Image

Cover Armour, Jean (1765–1834)

Armour, Jean (1765–1834)  

Maker: J. A. Gilfillan

In 

Jean Armour (1765–1834) by J. A. Gilfillan, 1822 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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See American Indians in England

Article

Arnold, Mary Anne (b. 1825), sailor and cross-dresser  

Julie Wheelwright

Arnold, Mary Anne (b. 1825), sailor and cross-dresser, was born in Sheerness, Kent, and may have been the daughter of Lieutenant Arnold of the Royal Navy who served aboard the Ganges and Prince Regent men-of-war. According to a report in The Times following her detection in October 1839, an officer of the ...

Article

Ashford [married name Devlin], Margaret Mary Julia [Daisy] (1881–1972), child writer  

Hugo Brunner

revised

Ashford [married name Devlin], Margaret Mary Julia [Daisy] (1881–1972), child writer, was born on 7 April 1881 at Elm Lodge, Petersham, Surrey, the eldest of the three daughters of William Henry Roxburghe Ashford (1836–1912), a former official of the War Office, and his wife, ...

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Cover Ashford, Margaret Mary Julia [Daisy] (1881–1972)

Ashford, Margaret Mary Julia [Daisy] (1881–1972)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Margaret Mary Julia Ashford (1881–1972) by unknown photographer, c. 1890 Getty Images

Article

See Palairet, Sir (Charles) Michael

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Cover Astor, Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964)

Astor, Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964)  

Maker: George Charles Beresford

Nancy Witcher Astor, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964) by George Charles Beresford, 1920 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Astor [née Langhorne], Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964), society hostess and politician  

Martin Pugh

Astor [née Langhorne], Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964), society hostess and politician, was born at Danville, Virginia, on 19 May 1879, the eighth child in a family of eleven. Her father, Chiswell Dabney Langhorne (1843–1919), a veteran of the American Civil War, had made his fortune in railway construction and bought an estate at ...

Article

Ayres, Alice (1859–1885), domestic servant and heroine  

John Price

Ayres, Alice (1859–1885), domestic servant and heroine, was born in Isleworth, Middlesex, on 12 September 1859, the fourth daughter and seventh of ten children of John Ayres (1820–1889), labourer, and his wife, Mary-Ann, née Green (1826–1895). She attended the village school in ...

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Cover Ayres, Alice (1859–1885)

Ayres, Alice (1859–1885)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Alice Ayres (1859–1885) by unknown artist, 1885 © Illustrated London News Ltd / Mary Evans

Article

Baartman, Sara [performing name the Hottentot Venus] (1777x88–1815/16), celebrity and subject of scientific speculation  

Karen Harvey

Baartman, Sara [performing name the Hottentot Venus] (1777x88–1815/16), celebrity and subject of scientific speculation, was born in the Cape of Good Hope and was a member of the Khoisan people, who were also called Hottentot. Altick claims she was a daughter of a drover who had been killed by Bushmen, though nothing more is known of her parents. Her original name is not known, but as a servant of the Dutch farmer ...