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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association  

John Martin

Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

Article

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder  

Barbara Donagan

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys claimed Norman descent and established themselves in Ruislip, Middlesex, in the sixteenth century. In 1618 she married ...

Article

Blunt [née King], Anne Isabella Noel, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917), traveller and breeder of Arab horses  

Rosemary Archer

Blunt [née King], Anne Isabella Noel, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917), traveller and breeder of Arab horses, was born on 22 September 1837 in London, the second of the three children, and the only daughter, of William King, first earl of Lovelace...

Article

Chatto [née Little], Bessie Diana [Beth] (1923–2018), horticulturist and garden designer  

Catherine Horwood

Chatto [née Little], Bessie Diana [Beth] (1923–2018), horticulturist and garden designer, was born on 27 June 1923 in Good Easter, near Chelmsford, Essex, together with her twin brother, William (Seley), to William George Little (1900–1982), a police constable, and his wife ...

Article

Chichester, Rosalie Caroline (1865–1949), landowner  

Jan Marsh

Chichester, Rosalie Caroline (1865–1949), landowner, was born on 29 November 1865 at Arlington Court, Devon, the only child of Sir Alexander Palmer Bruce Chichester (1842–1881), baronet, and his wife, Rosalie Amelia (1842/3–1908), daughter of Thomas Chamberlayne of Cranbury Park, Hampshire. Both parents came from long-established, well-connected ‘county’ families. Her paternal grandfather, ...

Article

Earle [née Villiers], (Maria) Theresa [known as Mrs C. W. Earle] (1836–1925), horticulturist  

Brent Elliott

Earle [née Villiers], (Maria) Theresa [known as Mrs C. W. Earle] (1836–1925), horticulturist, was born at 45 Cambridge Terrace, London, on 8 June 1836, the eldest daughter of Edward Ernest Villiers (1806–1843), younger brother of the fourth earl of Clarendon, and his wife, ...

Article

Fane, Lady Rachael [Rachel] [married names Rachael Bourchier, countess of Bath; Rachael Cranfield, countess of Middlesex] (bap. 1613, d. 1680), estate manager and benefactor  

Caroline M. K. Bowden

Fane, Lady Rachael [Rachel] [married names Rachael Bourchier, countess of Bath; Rachael Cranfield, countess of Middlesex] (bap. 1613, d. 1680), estate manager and benefactor, was baptized at Mereworth, Kent, on 28 January 1613, one of the fourteen children of Sir Francis Fane (1583/4–1629), later ...

Article

Fish [née Townshend], Margery (1892–1969), gardener and author  

Catherine Horwood

Fish [née Townshend], Margery (1892–1969), gardener and author, was born at 16 Eastbank, Stamford Hill, London, on 5 August 1892, the second of the four daughters of Ernest Townshend (d. 1926), City of London commercial traveller in tea, and his wife, ...

Article

Gordon [née Maxwell], Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812), political hostess and agricultural reformer  

Christine Lodge

Gordon [née Maxwell], Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812), political hostess and agricultural reformer, was born at Hyndford's Close, Edinburgh, the third of the four children of Sir William Maxwell of Monreith, Wigtownshire, third baronet, (c.1712–1771), and his wife, Magdalene, daughter of ...

Article

Havergal, (Grace) Beatrix Helen (1901–1980), horticulturist and teacher  

Mary Spiller

Havergal, (Grace) Beatrix Helen (1901–1980), horticulturist and teacher, was born on 7 July 1901 at Roydon Manor House near Bressingham, Norfolk, the second of three children of the Revd Clement Havergal (1858–1941), vicar of Bressingham, and his wife, Eveline Mary Barrett (1869–1931). The children had a happy life despite friction between their father, an eccentric and repressive character, and their artistic and romantic mother. In 1902 the family moved to ...

Article

Herbert [née Newport, second married name Lady Danvers], Magdalen (d. 1627), estate manager and patron  

Cristina Malcolmson

Herbert [née Newport, second married name Lady Danvers], Magdalen (d. 1627), estate manager and patron, and mother to Edward Herbert, George Herbert, Henry Herbert and Thomas Herbert, was the daughter of Sir Richard Newport d. 1570 of High Ercell, Shropshire, and Lady ...

Article

James, Phyllis Dorothy, Baroness James of Holland Park (1920–2014), crime novelist and public servant  

Peter Kemp

James, Phyllis Dorothy, Baroness James of Holland Park (1920–2014), crime novelist and public servant, was born on 3 August 1920 at The Cottage, 164 Walton Street, Oxford, the eldest of the three children of Sidney Victor James (1895–1979), an Inland Revenue...

Article

Jekyll, Gertrude (1843–1932), artist and garden designer  

Michael Tooley

Jekyll, Gertrude (1843–1932), artist and garden designer, was born at 2 Grafton Street, London, on 29 November 1843, and baptized at St George's, Hanover Square, the fifth of seven children and the second daughter of Edward Joseph Hill Jekyll (1804–1876), a retired captain in the ...

Article

Jones, Kathleen Letitia Lloyd (1898–1978), garden designer and nurserywoman  

Rachel Berger

Jones, Kathleen Letitia Lloyd (1898–1978), garden designer and nurserywoman, was born on 4 June 1898 at Rotherslade House at Oystermouth on the Gower peninsula in Glamorgan. Known as Kitty, she was the ninth of the ten children of Arthur Lloyd Jones (1853–1932), a physician and surgeon, and his wife, ...

Article

Lamb [née Milbanke], Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818), political hostess and agricultural improver  

Jonathan David Gross

Lamb [née Milbanke], Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818), political hostess and agricultural improver, was baptized on 15 October 1751 at Croft-on-Tees, Yorkshire, the only daughter of Sir Ralph Milbanke, fifth baronet (1721?–1798), of Halnaby Hall, Yorkshire, landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

Article

L'Estrange [née Stubbe], Alice, Lady L'Estrange (1585–1656), keeper of household and estate accounts  

Elizabeth Griffiths and Jane Whittle

L'Estrange [née Stubbe], Alice, Lady L'Estrange (1585–1656), keeper of household and estate accounts, was the only child of Richard Stubbe (d. 1619), a lawyer, and his second wife, Anne Goding, formerly widow of John Le Strange (d. 1582). Richard Stubbe...

Article

McLaren [née Pochin], Laura Elizabeth, Lady Aberconway (1854–1933), campaigner for women's rights and horticulturist  

Elizabeth Crawford

McLaren [née Pochin], Laura Elizabeth, Lady Aberconway (1854–1933), campaigner for women's rights and horticulturist, was born at Camp Street, Broughton, Lancashire, on 14 May 1854, the only surviving daughter of Henry Davis Pochin (1824–1895), industrial chemist and MP, and his wife, Agnes Pochin, ...

Article

Nevill [née Walpole], Lady Dorothy Fanny (1826–1913), hostess and horticulturist  

W. R. Trotter

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Nevill [née Walpole], Lady Dorothy Fanny (1826–1913), hostess and horticulturist, was born on 1 April 1826 at 11 Berkeley Square, London. She was the youngest in the family of three sons and two daughters of Horatio Walpole, third earl of Orford, and his wife, ...

Article

Oman, Julia Trevelyan [married name Julia Trevelyan Strong, Lady Strong] (1930–2003), designer and gardener  

Catherine A. Surowiec

Oman, Julia Trevelyan [married name Julia Trevelyan Strong, Lady Strong] (1930–2003), designer and gardener, was born on 11 July 1930 at 30 Abingdon Villas, Kensington, London, the elder child and only daughter of Charles Chichele Oman (1901–1982), silver historian and later keeper of the department of metalwork at the ...

Article

Paston [née Knyvett], Katherine, Lady Paston (bap. 1578, d. 1629), estate manager and letter writer  

Gaby Mahlberg

Paston [née Knyvett], Katherine, Lady Paston (bap. 1578, d. 1629), estate manager and letter writer, was baptized on 22 June 1578 at Ashwellthorpe in north Norfolk, one of six surviving children of Sir Thomas Knyvett (d. 1618) and his wife, Muriel (...