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Adamson [née Johnston], Janet Laurel [Jennie] (1882–1962), labour movement activist and politician  

David Doughan

Adamson [née Johnston], Janet Laurel [Jennie] (1882–1962), labour movement activist and politician, was born at Kilmarnock on 9 May 1882, one of the six children of Thomas Johnston, a railway porter, and Elizabeth, née Denton. Her father died young and her mother had to become a dressmaker to support the family. As ...

Article

Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964), police officer  

Vera Di Campli San Vito

Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964), police officer, was born on 12 March 1878 at 2 Marlborough Terrace, Newport Road, Roath, Glamorgan, the daughter of Thomas Isaac Allen (1841–1911), a superintendent of the Great Western Railway, and his wife, Margaret Sophia Carlyle (...

Article

Anderson, Dame Adelaide Mary (1863–1936), civil servant  

Meta Zimmeck

revised

Anderson, Dame Adelaide Mary (1863–1936), civil servant, was born on 8 April 1863 in Melbourne, Australia, the eldest child in the large family of Alexander Gavin Anderson, a Scottish shipbroker, and his wife, Blanche Emily Campbell. Her grandfather was Dr Alexander Anderson, principal of the ...

Article

Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette  

Jennian Geddes

Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

Article

Ansell, Gertrude Mary (1861–1932), suffragette and businesswoman  

Elizabeth Crawford

Ansell, Gertrude Mary (1861–1932), suffragette and businesswoman, was born on 2 June 1861 at 1 Vernon Place, Bloomsbury, London, the third child and only daughter of George Frederick Ansell (1826–1880) and his wife, Sarah Cook. Her father, a scientific chemist, had in 1856 been appointed to a clerkship in the ...

Article

Anson [née Yorke], Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760), political correspondent and political manager  

E. H. Chalus

Anson [née Yorke], Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760), political correspondent and political manager, was born in August 1725, the sixth child and eldest daughter of Philip Yorke, subsequently first Baron and first earl of Hardwicke (1690–1764), lord chancellor, and his wife, Margaret Lygon (...

Article

Anstee, Dame Margaret Joan (1926–2016), diplomatist and international civil servant  

Alex May

Anstee, Dame Margaret Joan (1926–2016), diplomatist and international civil servant, was born on 25 June 1926 at 2 Albert Villas, Writtle, Essex, the only child of Edward Curtis Anstee (1894–1971), printer, and his wife, Annie Adaliza, née Mills (1898–1972), who had worked as a domestic servant. Her parents had married in ...

Article

Ashby, Dame Margery Irene Corbett (1882–1981), feminist and internationalist  

Jenifer Hart

revised

Ashby, Dame Margery Irene Corbett (1882–1981), feminist and internationalist, was born on 19 April 1882 in London, the eldest of three children (two girls and a boy) of Charles Henry Joseph Corbett, businessman and landowner of Woodgate, Danehill, Sussex, and his wife, Marie...

Article

Ashton, Margaret (1856–1937), local politician and philanthropist  

Peter D. Mohr

Ashton, Margaret (1856–1937), local politician and philanthropist, was born on 19 January 1856 at Ashfield, Wilmslow Road, in Withington, Manchester, the third of the six daughters and three sons of Thomas Ashton (1818–1898), a wealthy cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth (1831–1914), daughter of ...

Article

Asquith [née Tennant], Margaret Emma Alice [Margot], countess of Oxford and Asquith (1864–1945), political hostess and diarist  

Eleanor Brock

Asquith [née Tennant], Margaret Emma Alice [Margot], countess of Oxford and Asquith (1864–1945), political hostess and diarist, was born on 2 February 1864, the sixth daughter and eleventh child of Sir Charles Tennant, first baronet (1823–1906), wealthy Scottish industrialist and Liberal MP, and his first wife, ...

Article

Astor [née Langhorne], Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964), society hostess and politician  

Martin Pugh

Astor [née Langhorne], Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964), society hostess and politician, was born at Danville, Virginia, on 19 May 1879, the eighth child in a family of eleven. Her father, Chiswell Dabney Langhorne (1843–1919), a veteran of the American Civil War, had made his fortune in railway construction and bought an estate at ...

Article

Attlee [née Millar], Violet Helen, Countess Attlee (1895–1965), charity fund-raiser and prime minister’s  

June Hannam

Attlee [née Millar], Violet Helen, Countess Attlee (1895–1965), charity fund-raiser and prime minister’s wife, was born at Heathdown, East Heath Road, Hampstead, on 20 November 1895, the youngest of eleven children of Henry Edward Millar (1856–1912), a commission merchant in import/export trade, and his wife, ...

Article

Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist  

Joan Mason

Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

Article

Bacon, Alice Martha, Baroness Bacon (1909–1993), politician  

C. M. P. Taylor

Bacon, Alice Martha, Baroness Bacon (1909–1993), politician, was born on 10 September 1909 at 302 Castleford Road, Normanton, Yorkshire, the only child of Benjamin (Ben) Bacon (1882–1958), coalminer, and his wife, Charlotte (Lottie), née Handley (1888–1953). She was educated at elementary schools in ...

Article

Baldock [née Rogers], (Lucy) Minnie (1864–1954), suffrage activist and campaigner  

Lyndsey Jenkins

Baldock [née Rogers], (Lucy) Minnie (1864–1954), suffrage activist and campaigner, was born at 48 Morant Street, in Poplar, East London, on 20 November 1864, the eldest of three daughters of Isaac Rogers (1831/1832–1903), a foreman cooper, and his wife ...

Article

Balfour [née Campbell], Lady Frances (1858–1931), suffragist leader and churchwoman  

Joan B. Huffman

Balfour [née Campbell], Lady Frances (1858–1931), suffragist leader and churchwoman, was born at Argyll Lodge, Kensington, London, on 22 February 1858, the fifth daughter and tenth of twelve children of George Douglas Campbell, eighth duke of Argyll (1823–1900), and his first wife, ...

Article

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder  

Barbara Donagan

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys claimed Norman descent and established themselves in Ruislip, Middlesex, in the sixteenth century. In 1618 she married ...

Article

Barker, Dame Sara Elizabeth (1904–1973), political agent  

Serena Kelly

Barker, Dame Sara Elizabeth (1904–1973), political agent, was born on 15 February 1904 in Siddall, near Halifax, Yorkshire, the daughter of George Barker, grocer, and his wife, Ethel Brier.

Sara Barker was educated at Siddall elementary school before going on at the age of eleven to ...

Article

Barrow, Dame Jocelyn Anita (1929–2020), educationist, race relations campaigner, and public servant  

Dawn Hill

Barrow, Dame Jocelyn Anita (1929–2020), educationist, race relations campaigner, and public servant, was born in Port of Spain, Trinidad, on 15 April 1929, the eldest of fourteen children of Charles Newton Barrow, an electrical engineer from Barbados, and his wife Olive Irene, née...

Article

Becker, Lydia Ernestine (1827–1890), suffragist leader  

Linda Walker

Becker, Lydia Ernestine (1827–1890), suffragist leader, daughter of Hannibal Leigh Becker (1803–1877), a chemical manufacturer, and Mary Becker (1807–1855), daughter of James Duncuft, a Hollinwood mill owner, was born in Cooper Street, Manchester, on 24 February 1827. She was the eldest of fifteen children. Her grandfather, ...