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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association  

John Martin

Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

Article

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder  

Barbara Donagan

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys claimed Norman descent and established themselves in Ruislip, Middlesex, in the sixteenth century. In 1618 she married ...

Article

Blunt [née King], Anne Isabella Noel, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917), traveller and breeder of Arab horses  

Rosemary Archer

Blunt [née King], Anne Isabella Noel, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917), traveller and breeder of Arab horses, was born on 22 September 1837 in London, the second of the three children, and the only daughter, of William King, first earl of Lovelace...

Article

Chichester, Rosalie Caroline (1865–1949), landowner  

Jan Marsh

Chichester, Rosalie Caroline (1865–1949), landowner, was born on 29 November 1865 at Arlington Court, Devon, the only child of Sir Alexander Palmer Bruce Chichester (1842–1881), baronet, and his wife, Rosalie Amelia (1842/3–1908), daughter of Thomas Chamberlayne of Cranbury Park, Hampshire. Both parents came from long-established, well-connected ‘county’ families. Her paternal grandfather, ...

Article

Earle [née Villiers], (Maria) Theresa [known as Mrs C. W. Earle] (1836–1925), horticulturist  

Brent Elliott

Earle [née Villiers], (Maria) Theresa [known as Mrs C. W. Earle] (1836–1925), horticulturist, was born at 45 Cambridge Terrace, London, on 8 June 1836, the eldest daughter of Edward Ernest Villiers (1806–1843), younger brother of the fourth earl of Clarendon, and his wife, ...

Article

Fane, Lady Rachael [Rachel] [married names Rachael Bourchier, countess of Bath; Rachael Cranfield, countess of Middlesex] (bap. 1613, d. 1680), estate manager and benefactor  

Caroline M. K. Bowden

Fane, Lady Rachael [Rachel] [married names Rachael Bourchier, countess of Bath; Rachael Cranfield, countess of Middlesex] (bap. 1613, d. 1680), estate manager and benefactor, was baptized at Mereworth, Kent, on 28 January 1613, one of the fourteen children of Sir Francis Fane (1583/4–1629), later ...

Article

Fish [née Townshend], Margery (1892–1969), gardener and author  

Catherine Horwood

Fish [née Townshend], Margery (1892–1969), gardener and author, was born at 16 Eastbank, Stamford Hill, London, on 5 August 1892, the second of the four daughters of Ernest Townshend (d. 1926), City of London commercial traveller in tea, and his wife, ...

Article

Gordon [née Maxwell], Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812), political hostess and agricultural reformer  

Christine Lodge

Gordon [née Maxwell], Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812), political hostess and agricultural reformer, was born at Hyndford's Close, Edinburgh, the third of the four children of Sir William Maxwell of Monreith, Wigtownshire, third baronet, (c.1712–1771), and his wife, Magdalene, daughter of ...

Article

Havergal, (Grace) Beatrix Helen (1901–1980), horticulturist and teacher  

Mary Spiller

Havergal, (Grace) Beatrix Helen (1901–1980), horticulturist and teacher, was born on 7 July 1901 at Roydon Manor House near Bressingham, Norfolk, the second of three children of the Revd Clement Havergal (1858–1941), vicar of Bressingham, and his wife, Eveline Mary Barrett (1869–1931). The children had a happy life despite friction between their father, an eccentric and repressive character, and their artistic and romantic mother. In 1902 the family moved to ...

Article

Jekyll, Gertrude (1843–1932), artist and garden designer  

Michael Tooley

Jekyll, Gertrude (1843–1932), artist and garden designer, was born at 2 Grafton Street, London, on 29 November 1843, and baptized at St George's, Hanover Square, the fifth of seven children and the second daughter of Edward Joseph Hill Jekyll (1804–1876), a retired captain in the ...

Article

Lamb [née Milbanke], Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818), political hostess and agricultural improver  

Jonathan David Gross

Lamb [née Milbanke], Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818), political hostess and agricultural improver, was baptized on 15 October 1751 at Croft-on-Tees, Yorkshire, the only daughter of Sir Ralph Milbanke, fifth baronet (1721?–1798), of Halnaby Hall, Yorkshire, landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

Article

L'Estrange [née Stubbe], Alice, Lady L'Estrange (1585–1656), keeper of household and estate accounts  

Elizabeth Griffiths and Jane Whittle

L'Estrange [née Stubbe], Alice, Lady L'Estrange (1585–1656), keeper of household and estate accounts, was the only child of Richard Stubbe (d. 1619), a lawyer, and his second wife, Anne Goding, formerly widow of John Le Strange (d. 1582). Richard Stubbe...

Article

Nevill [née Walpole], Lady Dorothy Fanny (1826–1913), hostess and horticulturist  

W. R. Trotter

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Nevill [née Walpole], Lady Dorothy Fanny (1826–1913), hostess and horticulturist, was born on 1 April 1826 at 11 Berkeley Square, London. She was the youngest in the family of three sons and two daughters of Horatio Walpole, third earl of Orford, and his wife, ...

Article

Paston [née Knyvett], Katherine, Lady Paston (bap. 1578, d. 1629), estate manager and letter writer  

Gaby Mahlberg

Paston [née Knyvett], Katherine, Lady Paston (bap. 1578, d. 1629), estate manager and letter writer, was baptized on 22 June 1578 at Ashwellthorpe in north Norfolk, one of six surviving children of Sir Thomas Knyvett (d. 1618) and his wife, Muriel (...

Article

West, Victoria Mary [Vita] Sackville- (1892–1962), writer and gardener  

T. J. Hochstrasser

West, Victoria Mary [Vita] Sackville- (1892–1962), writer and gardener, was born on 9 March 1892 at Knole near Sevenoaks, Kent, the only child of Lionel Edward Sackville-West (1867–1928), and his wife and first cousin, Victoria Josefa Dolores Catalina Sackville-West (1862–1936), society hostess, the illegitimate daughter of ...

Article

Wolseley, Frances Garnet, Viscountess Wolseley (1872–1936), gardener and author  

Jane Brown

Wolseley, Frances Garnet, Viscountess Wolseley (1872–1936), gardener and author, was born on 15 September 1872 at 118 Belgrave Road, Pimlico, London, the only child of Sir Garnet Joseph Wolseley (1833–1913), later Baron Wolseley of Cairo and Viscount Wolseley, commander-in-chief of the British army, and his wife, ...