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Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder  

Barbara Donagan

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys claimed Norman descent and established themselves in Ruislip, Middlesex, in the sixteenth century. In 1618 she married ...

Article

Canning [née Stuart], Charlotte Elizabeth, Countess Canning (1817–1861), courtier and vicereine of India  

K. D. Reynolds

Canning [née Stuart], Charlotte Elizabeth, Countess Canning (1817–1861), courtier and vicereine of India, was born at the British embassy in Paris on 31 March 1817, the elder of the two daughters of Sir Charles Stuart, later Baron Stuart de Rothesay (1779–1845), diplomatist, and his wife, ...

Article

Churchill [née Jenyns], Sarah, duchess of Marlborough (1660–1744), politician and courtier  

James Falkner

Churchill [née Jenyns], Sarah, duchess of Marlborough (1660–1744), politician and courtier, was born on 5 June 1660, probably at Holywell, St Albans, Hertfordshire, the fourth and youngest daughter of Richard Jenyns (c.1618–1668), whose name is often spelt Jennings by later writers, and his wife, ...

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Maxwell [née Herbert], Winifred, countess of Nithsdale (1672–1749), Jacobite courtier  

Leigh Eicke

Maxwell [née Herbert], Winifred, countess of Nithsdale (1672–1749), Jacobite courtier, was the last of the six children of William Herbert, marquess and Jacobite duke of Powis (c. 1626–1696), and Lady Elizabeth Somerset (c.1634–1691), daughter of Edward, second marquess of Worcester...

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Mountbatten [née Ashley], Dame Edwina Cynthia Annette, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901–1960), director of emergency relief services and vicereine of India  

Janet Morgan

revised

Mountbatten [née Ashley], Dame Edwina Cynthia Annette, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901–1960), director of emergency relief services and vicereine of India, was born at 32 Bruton Street, London, on 28 November 1901, the elder of the two daughters of Wilfrid William Ashley, ...

Article

Seymour [née Percy], Elizabeth, duchess of Somerset (1667–1722), courtier and politician  

R. O. Bucholz

Seymour [née Percy], Elizabeth, duchess of Somerset (1667–1722), courtier and politician, was born on 26 January 1667 at Petworth, Sussex, and baptized there on 29 January. She was the only surviving daughter and heir of Joceline Percy, eleventh earl of Northumberland (1644–1670)...

Article

St Pol, Mary de, countess of Pembroke (c. 1304–1377), magnate and founder of Pembroke College, Cambridge  

Jennifer C. Ward

St Pol, Mary de, countess of Pembroke (c. 1304–1377), magnate and founder of Pembroke College, Cambridge, was the fourth daughter of Guy de Châtillon, count of St Pol (d. 1317), and of Mary of Brittany, granddaughter of Henry III. She had five sisters and two brothers, but nothing is known of her childhood. Both ...

Article

Stanley [née de La Trémoille], Charlotte, countess of Derby (1599–1664), noblewoman and royalist heroine  

John Callow

Stanley [née de La Trémoille], Charlotte, countess of Derby (1599–1664), noblewoman and royalist heroine, was born at the château of Thouars, Poitou, in France, in early December 1599, the second child and eldest daughter of Claude de La Trémoille, duc de Thouars...

Article

Strickland [née Trentham], Winifred, Lady Strickland (1645–1725), Jacobite courtier  

Edward Corp

Strickland [née Trentham], Winifred, Lady Strickland (1645–1725), Jacobite courtier, was born at Rocester Priory, Staffordshire, in May 1645 and baptized at Rocester on 19 May. She was the daughter of Sir Christopher Trentham (d. c.1649×51), of Rocester Priory, and Winifred...

Article

Tennant [née Collier], Gertrude Barbara Rich (1819–1918), society hostess  

David Waller

Tennant [née Collier], Gertrude Barbara Rich (1819–1918), society hostess, was born on 9 November 1819 at Newcastle Lodge, Galway, on the west coast of Ireland. She was the eldest daughter of the four daughters and three sons of Henry Theodosius Browne Collier (1791–1872)...