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Abbatt [née Cobb], (Nora) Marjorie (1899–1991), promoter of toy design and businesswoman, was born on 18 March 1899 at 12 Lovelace Gardens, Surbiton, Surrey, the elder daughter of Edward Rhodes Cobb (1872-1965), a well-to-do fur broker, and his wife Marion Murray ...

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Ackland, Mary Kathleen Macrory- [pseud. Valentine Ackland] (1906–1969), poet, was born on 20 May 1906 at 54 Brook Street, Mayfair, London, the younger daughter of Robert Craig Ackland (1865–1923), a West End dental surgeon, and his wife, Ruth Kathleen, née Macrory (1876/7–1961)...

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Adair, Gilbert Smithson (1896–1979), physiologist, was born on 21 September 1896 in Whitehaven, the elder child and only son of Harold Adair, manager of an iron ore mine in Cumberland, and his wife, Anna Mary Jackson, from Garstang. The family later moved to nearby ...

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Thompson Cooper

Reviser J. Gilliland

Ady, Joseph (1775/6–1852), fraudster, was the son of John Ady (1743/4–1812), a recording clerk for the Society of Friends. He was a hatter, hosier, and accountant at various times, in premises at 11 The Circus, Minories, London, and 6 Charlotte Street, Wapping. Failing in business, he devised a means of extracting money from the credulous. He would look up the lists of unclaimed inheritances, dividends, and bequests, and then write, without stamping his letters, to any people of those names that he could find, offering to produce 'something to their advantage' on payment of ...

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Ainsworth, Geoffrey Clough (1905–1998), mycologist, was born at 26 South Street, Handsworth, Birmingham, on 9 October 1905, the only son of Percy Clough Ainsworth, Wesleyan minister, and his wife, Gertrude (née Fisk). Like many ministers' families they moved around the country, and ...

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Albright, Arthur (1811–1900), chemist and phosphorus manufacturer, was born on 3 March 1811 in Charlbury, Oxfordshire, into a Quaker family, the second son and sixth of ten children of William Albright, grocer and mercer of Charlbury, and his wife, Rachel Tanner of Woodborough, Somerset...

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Aldam, Thomas (1616?–1660), Quaker preacher and writer, was born in Warmsworth, near Doncaster, although no further details of his parentage are known. He was a relatively affluent yeoman. He married Mary Killam (d. 1660) in 1644, and the couple had at least one child, ...

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Alden, Sir Percy (1865–1944), social worker and politician, was born at Walton Street, in St Thomas's parish, Oxford, on 6 June 1865, the third of six sons (there was also a daughter) of Isaac Alden (b. 1834), a master butcher, and his wife, ...

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Alexander [née Barber], Ann (1774/5–1861), banker and bill broker, was born in Eckington, Derbyshire, the daughter of William and Mary Barber. Little is known about her life until the point when, while working in a Quaker milliner's in the City of London...

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Alexander, George William (1802–1890), banker and philanthropist, was born on 25 April 1802 in Bunhill Row, London, the first of nine children, eight of whom survived to maturity, of William Alexander (1769–1819), bill broker, and his wife, Ann Alexander, née Barber (1774/5–1861), of ...

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Horace Gundry Alexander (1889–1989) by Morland Braithwaite private collection

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Alexander, Horace Gundry (1889–1989), Quaker envoy and mediator, was born on 18 April 1889 at Croydon, Surrey, the youngest of four sons of Joseph Gundry Alexander (1848–1918), a Quaker barrister and advocate of international arbitration, and of Josephine Crosfield Alexander. He was educated at ...

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Alexander, Mary (1760–1809), Quaker minister, was born on 7 February 1760 at Needham Market, Suffolk, the third of the eight children of Dykes Alexander (c.1724–1786), shopkeeper, and his wife, Martha Biddle (1727–1775), of whom five survived childhood. Both her parents were established Quakers, her father being an elder and her mother a minister. ...

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William Alexander (1826–1894) by Sir George Reid Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Alexander, William (1826–1894), novelist and journalist, was born on 12 June 1826 at the farm of Westerhouses, Rescivet, in the parish of Chapel of Garioch, Aberdeenshire. He was the eldest son of the ten children of James Alexander (1789–1856), blacksmith and tenant farmer, and his wife, ...

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William Allen (1770–1843) by Henry Perronet Briggs, exh. RA 1844 Museum of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain

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Leslie Stephen

Reviser G. F. Bartle

Allen, William (1770–1843), philanthropist and scientist, was born on 29 August 1770 at Stewart Street, the Old Artillery Ground, Spitalfields, London, the eldest of the six sons of Job Allen (1734–1800) and his wife, Margaret Stafford (d. 1830). His father, a silk manufacturer, was a member of the ...

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Ames, William (d. 1662), Quaker preacher, was born at Frampton Cotterell, near Bristol; his parents' names are not known. He was not well educated and when young was prone to lying, drunkenness, and licentiousness. During the civil war he joined the king's army and later served as a marine under ...

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Appleby, Sir William (1732–1796), eccentric and municipal reformer, was born at Durham on 15 September 1732, the third surviving son of Edward Appleby (1702–1736), a grocer, who was said to have introduced the bleaching of linen cloth from Ireland to Durham, and his wife, ...

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Archdale, John (1642–1717), colonial governor, was born about 5 May 1642, the son of Mary Nevill and Thomas Archdale, a landowner in the parish of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire; Thomas Archdale was the son of London merchant Richard Archdale, who had purchased the manors of ...