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Thomas Richard Allinson (1858–1918) by Ray, pubd 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour (1898–1990) by Elliott & Fry, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Robert Harrison

revised by Virginia Smith

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet, was a funeral director in St James's Street, London. He may have been the William Banting, son of Thomas Banting and his wife, Ann, who was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, in December 1796. On 20 January 1818 he married at ...

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Buckley, Wilfred (1873–1933), promoter of clean milk and collector of antique glass, was born at 27 Wheeleys Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 13 June 1873, the second son and second of the four children of Henry Buckley (1838–1903), general merchant, and his wife, Caroline Therese (1847–1891)...

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Cooke [Cook], Robert [called Linen Cooke] (d. c. 1726), vegetarian and author, the elder son of Robert Cooke, came of a family that settled in co. Cork in the early seventeenth century and prospered in the linen and other trades, particularly in ...

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Corkling, Mary Ann Yates [pseud. May Yates] (1850–1938), food reformer, was born on 18 May 1850 in Withington, Manchester, the elder daughter of Robert Yates Corkling (b. 1827) and his wife, Mary Ann, née Booth (1830–1904), who had married in September 1849. Her father was then a cashier, but eventually owned a factory in ...

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Cowherd, William (1763–1816), a founder of the Bible Christians (Cowherdites) and vegetarian, was born in Carnforth, Lancashire. Little is known of his early life, although his parents were probably James and Elizabeth Cowherd, or Coward. He described himself as a 'classical teacher in ...

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Freund [née Rüdiger], Amelia Louisa [pseud. Amelia Lewis] (b. 1824/5, d. in or after 1881), campaigner for women's rights and food reformer, was born in Prussia in 1824 or 1825, the daughter of Benjamin Rüdiger. On 18 March 1846 she married ...

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Sir George Edward Godber (1908–2009) by Nick Sinclair, 1994 © Nick Sinclair, commissioned by the BMJ

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Godber, Sir George Edward (1908–2009), physician, was born on 4 August 1908 at 18 Bedford Road, Kempston, Bedfordshire, the eldest son in the family of seven children of Isaac Godber (1874–1957), market gardener, and his wife, Bessie Maud, née Chapman (1883/4–1957), florist. A younger brother, ...

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Stanley Owen Green (1915–1993) by unknown photographer © Museum of London

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Green, Stanley Owen [known as Protein Man] (1915–1993), dietary reformer and author, was born on 22 February 1915 at Harringay, north London, the youngest of the four sons of Richard Green (d. 1966), a bottle-stopper maker's clerk, and his wife, May (...

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William Horsell (1807–1863) by unknown engraver The Vegetarian Society

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Horsell, William (1807–1863), promoter of vegetarianism, was born in Brinkworth, Wiltshire, on 31 March 1807, the son of a publican. He was probably the William Horsel baptized at Brinkworth on 12 April 1807, whose parents were named William and Elizabeth. Though raised to be an '...

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Lambe, William (1765–1847), physician and vegetarian, one of the four children of Lacon Lambe, an attorney, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Berington and sister of the Catholic divine Joseph Berington (1746–1827), was born in St Peter's parish, Hereford, on 26 February 1765. He was educated at ...

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McCartney [née Eastman; other married name See], Linda Louise, Lady McCartney (1941–1998), photographer and promoter of vegetarianism, was born on 24 September 1941 in Scarsdale, New York, USA, the second child and eldest daughter in the family of one son and three daughters of ...

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Miles, Eustace Hamilton (1868–1948), sportsman, writer, and food reformer, was born on 22 September 1868 at West End House, West End, Hampstead, the younger son of William Henry Miles, bookseller and later publisher, of Simpkin, Marshall & Co., and his wife, Mary M'Connell...

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J. G. Alger

revised by Stephen M. Lee

Pigott, Robert (1736–1794), food and dress reformer, was born at Chetwynd Park, Shropshire, the son of Robert Pigott (d. 1770) and his wife, Ann, née Peers, of Criggion, Montgomeryshire. Chetwynd Park had been in his family's possession for three centuries. There Robert's...