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Balfour, Jabez Spencer (1843–1916), company promoter and politician, was born in Marylebone, Middlesex, on 4 September 1843, the younger son of James Balfour (1796–1884) and Clara Lucas Balfour (1808–1878), who were prominent workers in the mid-Victorian temperance movement. Balfour's career is best understood in the context of the increasingly prominent part played by militant middle-class nonconformists in the business world, in the ...

Article

Batchelor, John (1820–1883), politician and businessman, was born on 10 April in Newport, Monmouthshire, the second son among the twelve children of Benjamin Batchelor, a timber merchant and shipbuilder. He was educated locally in a private school before being apprenticed to his father. He subsequently visited shipyards in ...

Article

Bessell, Peter Joseph (1921–1985), politician and businessman, was born on 24 August 1921 at Elm Bank Nursing Home, Bath, the only son of Joseph Edgar Bessell, tailor, and his wife, Olive Simons Hawkins. His parents divorced in 1926 and Bessell was brought up by his father. Educated at ...

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Davies, Theophilus Harris (1834–1898), businessman and consul, was born on 4 January 1834 in Coalbournbrook, Stourbridge, Worcestershire, the second of the five children of the Revd Theophilus Davies (c.1798–1879?), a Welsh Congregational minister, and his wife, Mary Ann (c.1798–1849?)...

Article

Jones, Benjamin (1847–1942), co-operative movement activist and manager, was born on 9 September 1847 in Salford, Lancashire, the son of Reuben Jones, a dyer's labourer, and Mary, née Brazier, who worked as a power-loom weaver. Jones entered employment at the age of nine, working as an errand-boy and bookkeeper before joining the ...

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Samuel Morley (1809–1886) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1882 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Morley, Samuel (1809–1886), businessman, politician, and philanthropist, born in Well Street, Hackney, on 15 October 1809, was the youngest child of John Morley of Sneinton, Nottingham, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Richard Poulton of Maidenhead. The Morley family manufactured hosiery in Nottingham...

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C. L. Falkiner

revised by Alan O'Day

Shaw, William (1823–1895), politician and businessman, was born on 4 May 1823 in Moy, co. Tyrone. His father, Samuel Shaw, was a Congregational minister. He was educated privately and then spent some time at Trinity College, Dublin, but did not take a degree. Being intended for the Congregational ministry, he studied at ...

Article

Stewart, Sir Halley (1838–1937), businessman, benefactor, and politician, was born at Barnet in Hertfordshire on 18 January 1838, the tenth child and fifth son of Alexander Stewart, Congregational minister, of Barnet, and his wife, Ann Kezia, née White. Like his brothers before him, he went to his father's school at ...