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Acherley, Roger (bap. 1662?, d. 1740), political writer and lawyer, was the son of John Acherley of Stanwardine, in the parish of Baschurch, Shropshire; he may have been Roger Atcherley, son of John and Mary Atcherley, who was baptized at Baschurch on 23 December 1662. He entered the ...

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Amhurst, Nicholas (1697–1742), satirist and political writer, was born on 16 October 1697 at Marden, Kent, the first son of Edward Amhurst (bap. 1665, d. 1713), grazier, and grandson of George Amhurst, rector of Marden. His mother, Martha, née Simmonds (1664–1699), died before he was two years old. He was educated at ...

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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

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Baxter, Robert Dudley (1827–1875), political writer and statistician, was born on 3 February 1827 at Doncaster, the son of Robert Baxter, of Stoke Golding, Leicestershire, and of the firm of Baxter & Co., parliamentary lawyers, of Westminster. He was a collateral descendant of ...

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Eric Arthur Blair [George Orwell] (1903–1950) by Felix H. Man, c. 1947 © Estate of Felix H. Man / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blair, Eric Arthur [pseud. George Orwell] (1903–1950), political writer and essayist, was born in Motihari, Bengal, India, on 25 June 1903, the only son of Richard Walmesley Blair (1857–1938), a sub-deputy opium agent in the government of Bengal, and his wife, Ida Mabel Limouzin (1875–1943)...

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Brand, John [Fitzjohn] (1743–1808), Church of England clergyman and political writer, was born on 6 November 1743 in Norwich, the son of John Brand, a tanner, and his wife, Hannah. His sisters, Mary and Hannah Brand, ran a well-regarded seminary for French education at ...

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George C. McElroy and Elizabeth R. Lambert

Burke, Richard (1733–1794), political writer and lawyer, was born in Dublin on 18 December 1733, the sixth of the eleven children of Richard Burke (d. 1761), attorney, and his wife, Mary, née Nagle (c.1702–1770), daughter of Garrett Nagle. Both his parents were Irish. Among his elder brothers was the politician and writer ...

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William Burke (1728x3030–1798) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, c. 1778 © reserved

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Burke, William (1728x30–1798), political writer and administrator in India, was the eldest son of John Burke (d. 1764), attorney, of St Marylebone, London, and Plaistow, Essex, and his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Burke, a London vintner. He entered Westminster School...

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Bush, Rice (c. 1610–1649), pamphleteer on poor relief, came to prominence in the public debates about new institutions for social welfare which took place in London at the end of the civil war. Little is known about his early life. The son of ...

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Amabel Hume- Campbell, suo jure Countess De Grey (1751–1833) by unknown artist, c. 1776 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Campbell, Amabel Hume- [née Lady Amabel Yorke], suo jure Countess De Grey (1751–1833), political writer, was born on 22 January 1751, the first of the two children of Philip Yorke, second earl of Hardwicke (1720–1790), and his wife, Jemima Yorke, née Campbell, ...

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George Chalmers (bap. 1742, d. 1825) by Henry Edridge, 1809 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825), antiquary and political writer, was born in Fochabers, Moray, and baptized there on 26 December 1742, the son of James Chalmers, postmaster at Fochabers, and his wife, Isabella Ruddock. He attended the parish school of Bellie and later appears to have studied at ...

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William Cobbett (1763–1835) by George Cooke?, c. 1831 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cobbett, William (1763–1835), political writer and farmer, was born on 9 March 1763 in Farnham, Surrey, the third of four children of George Cobbett, publican and farmer, and his wife, Anne Vincent.

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Coke, Roger (c. 1628–1704x7), political writer and economist, was the third son of Henry Coke (1591–1661), of Thorington, Suffolk, and his wife, Margaret, daughter and heir of Sir Richard Lovelace of Kingsdown, Kent. He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge, where he '...

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Thomas Cooper (1759–1839) by Asher Brown Durand, 1829 (after Charles Cromwell Ingham) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cooper, Thomas (1759–1839), political writer and college head, was born in Westminster on 22 October 1759, the son of Thomas Cooper, who was entitled to bear heraldic arms. He matriculated from University College, Oxford, in February 1779, but did not take a degree; well known in later life as a freethinker, he is said to have refused to sign the ...