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Thomas Richard Allinson (1858–1918) by Ray, pubd 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour (1898–1990) by Elliott & Fry, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Robert Harrison

revised by Virginia Smith

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet, was a funeral director in St James's Street, London. He may have been the William Banting, son of Thomas Banting and his wife, Ann, who was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, in December 1796. On 20 January 1818 he married at ...

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Corkling, Mary Ann Yates [pseud. May Yates] (1850–1938), food reformer, was born on 18 May 1850 in Withington, Manchester, the elder daughter of Robert Yates Corkling (b. 1827) and his wife, Mary Ann, née Booth (1830–1904), who had married in September 1849. Her father was then a cashier, but eventually owned a factory in ...

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Cowherd, William (1763–1816), a founder of the Bible Christians (Cowherdites) and vegetarian, was born in Carnforth, Lancashire. Little is known of his early life, although his parents were probably James and Elizabeth Cowherd, or Coward. He described himself as a 'classical teacher in ...

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William Horsell (1807–1863) by unknown engraver The Vegetarian Society

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Horsell, William (1807–1863), promoter of vegetarianism, was born in Brinkworth, Wiltshire, on 31 March 1807, the son of a publican. He was probably the William Horsel baptized at Brinkworth on 12 April 1807, whose parents were named William and Elizabeth. Though raised to be an '...

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Lambe, William (1765–1847), physician and vegetarian, one of the four children of Lacon Lambe, an attorney, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Berington and sister of the Catholic divine Joseph Berington (1746–1827), was born in St Peter's parish, Hereford, on 26 February 1765. He was educated at ...

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Thomas Tryon (1634–1703) by Robert White, pubd 1703 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Tryon, Thomas (1634–1703), vegetarian and author, was born in Bibury near Cirencester, Gloucestershire, on 6 September 1634, the son of an 'honest and sober' tiler and plasterer William Tryon, and his wife, Rebeccah. Tryon went briefly to the village school, and had his first mystic experience at the age of six, a dream of God appearing face to face with him, which, as he later recorded, '...