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Baker, Thomas Barwick Lloyd (1807–1886), promoter of reformatory schools, was born at the family seat, Hardwicke Court, the only son of Thomas John Lloyd Baker and his wife, Mary, daughter of William Sharp of Fulham. Like his father, Baker went to Eton College...

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Brise, Sir Evelyn John Ruggles- (1857–1935), prison administrator and founder of the Borstal system, was born on 6 December 1857 at Spains Hall, Finchingfield, Essex, the second son of Sir Samuel Brise Ruggles-Brise (1825–1899) and his wife, Marianne Weyland, fourth daughter of Sir Edward Bowyer Smith, ...

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See Campbell, Robert

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Crofton, Sir Walter Frederick (1815–1897), prison administrator and penal reformer, was born at Courtrai, Flanders, on 27 February 1815, the second son in the family of two sons and two daughters of Walter Crofton (1784-1815) and his wife Harriet née Wauchope (1782/3-1836). His father, a captain in the ...

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William Eden, first Baron Auckland (1744–1814) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1792 Christ Church, Oxford

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Eden, William, first Baron Auckland (1744–1814), penal reformer and diplomatist, was born on 3 April 1744, the third son of Sir Robert Eden, third baronet (d. 1755), landowner, of Windlestone Hall, West Auckland, co. Durham, and Mary (d. 1794), daughter of ...

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Sir Jeremiah Fitzpatrick (c. 1740–1810) by William Barnard (after Samuel Drummond, 1801) by courtesy of the National Gallery of Ireland

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Fitzpatrick, Sir Jeremiah (c. 1740–1810), physician and campaigner for prison reform, was born in Kilbeggan, co. Westmeath. His background and early years are shrouded in obscurity, but circumstantial evidence points to the conclusion that his parents, of whom nothing is known, were Catholic and that they were comfortably off. He received a medical education abroad and though his graduating institution has not been identified ...

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Fraser, Catherine (1786–1868), penal reformer, was born on 26 June 1786 at the High Street, Wapping, the only surviving child of James Fraser (1749–1825), merchant, and his wife, Ann, née Thatcher. James Fraser had premises in Wapping and later became a biscuit baker. In August 1794 ...

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Goodcole, Henry (bap. 1586, d. 1641), prison visitor and author, was baptized at St James's, Clerkenwell, on 23 May 1586, the eighth or ninth child (he was a twin) of eleven children of James Goodcole (d. 1597) and his second wife, Joan Duncombe...

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Griffiths, Arthur George Frederick (1838–1908), inspector of prisons and author, was born on 9 December 1838 at Poona, India, the second son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Griffiths of the 6th Royal Warwickshire regiment. He was educated at King William's College, Isle of Man, and entered the ...

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See Hill, Rosamond Davenport

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Martin, Sarah (1791–1843), prison visitor, was born in June 1791 at Caister on the Norfolk coast. She was an only child and her father, a local tradesman, and her mother both died in her infancy. She was brought up by her widowed grandmother, a glove maker, and attended ...

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Paterson, Sir Alexander Henry (1884–1947), penal reformer and prison commissioner, was born on 20 November 1884 at Bowdon, Cheshire, the youngest child of Alexander Edgar Paterson, a solicitor, and his wife, Katherine Esther Dixon, a voluntary worker. The family background was Unitarian, although ...

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Sir George Onesiphorus Paul, second baronet (1746–1820) by Robert William Sievier, 1825 The Conway Library, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Paul, Sir George Onesiphorus, second baronet (1746–1820), prison reformer and philanthropist, was born on 9 February 1746 at Woodchester, Gloucestershire, the son of Sir Onesiphorus Paul, first baronet (bap. 1706, d. 1774), a successful woollen manufacturer, and his first wife, Jane (c...

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by Stephen M. Lee

Popham, Alexander (1729–1810), politician and penal reformer, the only son of Alexander Popham, rector of West Monckton, Somerset, and his wife, Mary (née Gatchell), was born on 18 July 1729. His family was closely allied to the Pophams of Littlecote, Wiltshire. He matriculated from ...

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Russell [née Somers-Cocks], Adeline Mary, duchess of Bedford (1852–1920), penal reformer, was born on 24 May 1852, the second daughter of Charles Som̃ers Somers-Cocks, third Earl Somers (1819–1883) and his wife, Virginia (d. 1910), daughter of James Pattle. Her education and upbringing were directly supervised by her powerful and devoted mother. On 24 October 1876 she married ...

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Russell, William Whitworth (1795–1847), prison reformer, was born at Eltham, Kent, on 17 September 1795, the fourth son of five sons and five daughters born to Sir Henry Russell (1751–1836), chief justice of Bengal, and his wife, Anne Barbara (d. 1814), daughter of ...

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Told, Silas (1711–1778), schoolmaster and prison visitor, was born at the Lime Kilns in Bristol on 3 April 1711 of 'very creditable' parentage. His father, a physician like his paternal grandfather, lost money invested in the building of a wet dock and died at sea. His mother was the daughter of ...