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J. H. Round

revised by Emma Mason

Abetot, Urse d' (c. 1040–1108), administrator, derived his name from St Jean d'Abbetot, near Tancarville (Seine Inférieure) where he was probably born. He appears in Domesday Book as a tenant-in-chief in the counties of Hereford, Gloucester, Warwick, and Worcester, and as a subtenant in ...

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Abingdon [Abyndon], Richard (d. in or before 1322), administrator, was probably a native of Abingdon in Berkshire, and possibly a relation both of Stephen Abingdon, who became butler of the royal household under Edward II, and of the Stephen Abingdon who was a ...

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Abney, Sir Thomas (1639/40–1722), merchant and mayor of London, was born at Willesley, Derbyshire, the youngest of four sons of James Abney, landowner, and Jane Mainwaring (d. after 1640). The Abney family had owned land at Willesley for several centuries, and James Abney...

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Abney, Sir William de Wiveleslie (1843–1920), civil servant and photographic scientist, was born at Derby on 24 July 1843, the eldest son of Edward Henry Abney (bap. 1811, d. 1892), vicar of St Alkmund's, Derby, afterwards prebendary of Lichfield, and Catharina, daughter of ...

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Acworth, George (1534–1581x6), administrator and scholar, was born in London in 1534, the son of Thomas Acworth, a merchant taylor of London, and his wife, Anne. Thomas came from Bedfordshire, where his father, also named George, had been elected knight of the shire for that county in 1529. During his youth ...

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Addington, Henry Unwin (1790–1870), diplomatist and civil servant, the second son of John Hiley Addington MP (d. 1818) and Mary (d. 1833), the daughter of Henry Unwin, and the nephew of Henry Addington, first Lord Sidmouth, was born on 24 March 1790. He was educated at ...

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Addis, Sir Charles Stewart (1861–1945), banker and government adviser, was born on 23 November 1861 in Edinburgh, the youngest of twelve children of the Revd Thomas Addis (1813–1899), a Free Church of Scotland minister, and his wife, Robina, daughter of a tea merchant in ...

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Airmyn [Ayreminne], Richard (c. 1290–1340), administrator, came of a family that derived its name from the village of Airmyn on the River Aire in Yorkshire. Richard seems to have been a son of Adam and Matilda Airmyn and a younger brother of William Airmyn (d. 1336)...

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Airmyn [Ayreminne], William (d. 1336), administrator and bishop of Norwich, was the son of Adam and Matilda Airmyn, and probably came from the hamlet of Airmyn, near Selby, in Yorkshire, one of a large group of men from that region to obtain prominence in government service. First recorded as an attorney in ...

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Aiscough [Ayscough], William (c. 1395–1450), administrator and bishop of Salisbury, was the son of Robert Aiscough, of Potgrange, near Masham, Yorkshire, and brother of Robert, who became dean of the Chapel Royal. Ordained in 1415, he was master of arts by 1423 and doctor of theology by 1432, both probably of ...

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Alcock, John (1430–1500), administrator and bishop of Ely, was born at Beverley, Yorkshire, the son of William Alcock of Hull. Alcock received his early schooling in the grammar school attached to Beverley Minster, and then attended Cambridge University. DCL by 1459, he began his career in local diocesan administration in ...

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Alderson, Thomas Hopper (1903–1965), wartime rescue party leader, was born at Ashburne Stables, Sunderland, on 15 September 1903, the fifth of six children and first son of Thomas Alderson (1864–1945), domestic coachman, and his wife, Sarah Annie, née Hopper (1872–1942). He was educated at a village school; then at ...

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See Stewart family

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Alexander, Sir Kenneth John Wilson [Ken] (1922–2001), economist, university administrator, and public servant, was born on 14 March 1922 at 12 Kilmaurs Terrace, Edinburgh, the only son of William Wilson Alexander (1888–1930), lawyer, and his wife, Mary Logan Grahame, née Wilson (1888–1975), tailoress. He won a scholarship to ...

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Allen, Sir John (c. 1470–1544), mayor of London, was born in Thaxted, Essex, into an agrarian family of moderate means. His father, Richard Allen, apprenticed him to Roger Bourchier of the London Mercers' Company, to which he was admitted in 1497. Allen was elected a warden of the Mercers in 1509, making him eligible for ward office, and in 1515 he was nominated alderman from ...

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Mary Sophia Allen (1878–1964) by Mrs Albert Broom, 1916 [centre, with members of the women police] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964), police officer, was born on 12 March 1878 at 2 Marlborough Terrace, Newport Road, Roath, Glamorgan, the daughter of Thomas Isaac Allen, a superintendent of the Great Western Railway, and his wife, Margaret Sophia Carlyle. Her sister, Mrs Hampton...

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Alured, Thomas (bap. 1583, d. 1638), administrator, was baptized at Sculcoates, near Hull, Yorkshire, on 3 September 1583, the third son of John Alured (c.1545–1606) of the Charterhouse, Sculcoates, and his wife, Frances, daughter of Sir Henry Gates of Seamer, Yorkshire...

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Anderson, Sir Alan Garrett (1877–1952), public servant and shipowner, was born in London on 9 March 1877, the only son of James George Skelton Anderson and his wife, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1836–1917), the first woman to qualify as a doctor in Great Britain...

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John Anderson, first Viscount Waverley (1882–1958) by Howard Coster, 1953 © National Portrait Gallery, London