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Barrington [née Williams or Cromwell], Joan, Lady Barrington (c. 1558–1641), godly matriarch and patron of clergy, was one of the eleven children of Sir Henry Williams (later Cromwell; c.1537–1604) of Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdonshire, and his wife, Joan (d. 1584), daughter of ...

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Baxter [née Foster], Elizabeth [Lizzie] (1837–1926), evangelist, was born on 16 December 1837 at 81 High Street, Evesham, the third daughter of eight children born to Thomas Nelson Foster (1799–1858), a Quaker manufacturer of agricultural fertilizers, and his second wife, Elizabeth Gibbs...

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Baynard, Ann (1672/3–1697), exemplar of godly life, was born at Preston, Lancashire, the only child of Edward Baynard (1641?–1717), physician and poet, and his wife, who was probably Anne, daughter of Robert Rawlinson of Carke, Lancashire. At some point during the following decade the family moved to ...

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Bertie, Richard (1517–1582), landowner and religious evangelical, was the eldest son of Thomas Bertie (d. 1555), of Bearsted, Kent, and his wife, a member of the Say family of Shropshire. In February 1534 he was admitted to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, aged sixteen. Having graduated BA in 1537, he became a probationary fellow of ...

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C. J. Robinson

revised by Christoph v. Ehrenstein

Bonwicke, Ambrose (1691–1714), nonjuror, eldest son of Ambrose Bonwicke (1652–1722) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Stubbs (d. 1722), was born in the Schoolmaster's house, Merchant Taylors' School, London, on 30 September 1691. He grew up in Headley, Surrey, and in 1703 entered the ...

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Bowdler, John (1746–1823), Church of England layman and religious writer, was born at Bath, Somerset, on 18 March 1746, the eldest son of Thomas Bowdler (bap. 1719, d. 1785) and Elizabeth Stuart Bowdler, née Cotton (d. 1797), religious writer. He was given a strict Anglican religious upbringing by his mother, and at the age of eight was sent to the school kept by ...

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Boyle, George Frederick, sixth earl of Glasgow (1825–1890), Tractarian layman, was born on 9 October 1825, the first of two children of George Boyle, fourth earl of Glasgow (1765–1843), and his second wife, Julia (1796–1868), daughter of Sir John Sinclair, bt, of Ulbster...

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Brettergh [née Bruen], Katherine (1579–1601), exemplar of godly life, was born in February 1579, the daughter of John Bruen (1510–1587), and his wife, Dorothy Holford, at Bruen Stapleford, Cheshire, and was baptized there on 13 February. Only eight years old when her father died, her short life was dominated by her illustrious elder brother, the godly gentleman ...

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Bridgeman [née Parker], Dame Caroline Beatrix, Viscountess Bridgeman (1873–1961), political activist and churchwoman, was born on 30 June 1873, the third of five children and eldest daughter of the Hon. Cecil Thomas Parker (1845–1931), son of the sixth earl of Macclesfield and land agent for the ...

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Brooke [née Colepeper], Elizabeth, Lady Brooke (1602?–1683), exemplar of godly life, was born in Wigsell, Sussex, the daughter of Thomas Colepeper (d. 1613) and his wife, Anne (d. 1602), daughter of Sir Stephen Slaney (1524–1609), alderman of London. Her mother died shortly after her birth and was buried on 26 February 1602, so ...

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Elizabeth Brooke, Lady Brooke (1602?–1683) by unknown engraver, pubd 1684 © Copyright The British Museum; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bruen, John (1560–1625), iconoclast, the eldest son of John Bruen (1510–1587) and his wife, Dorothy Holford, was born at Bruen Stapleford, Cheshire, in 1560 (some time before 18 January) into a gentry family that had dominated that village since the thirteenth century. He was baptized the same year. Much of what is known of ...

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Cecil, James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-, fourth marquess of Salisbury (1861–1947), politician and lay churchman, was born on 23 October 1861 at 21 Fitzroy Square, London, the eldest of the five sons and third of the eight children of Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, successively ...

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Cherry, Francis (bap. 1667, d. 1713), nonjuror and antiquary, was baptized on 25 March 1667 in the parish of Cookham, Berkshire. He was the second son of William Cherry (c.1632–1705), a lawyer, and his wife, Ann Whitfeild (d. 1703) of ...

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Cookman, George (bap. 1774, d. 1856), businessman, lay preacher, and radical politician, was baptized on 20 January 1774 in the church of St Peter in the village of Owthorne, on the east Yorkshire coast, the son of Grimston Cookman, yeoman, and his wife, ...

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Culverwell family (per. c. 1545–c. 1640), merchants and religious radicals, descended from William Culverwell of Wells, Somerset, and his wife (née Berney), who produced a remarkable family during the reign of Henry VIII. It included five surviving sons, three of whom gravitated to ...

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Downes, Theophilus (1657/8–1726), nonjuror and author, was born at Purslow, Shropshire, between March 1657 and March 1658, the son of John and Knightley Downes. He became a commoner of Balliol College, Oxford, in March 1673, graduating BA on 17 October 1676 and MA on 10 July 1679. He was elected a fellow of ...

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Etchells, (Dorothea) Ruth (1931–2012), literary scholar and churchwoman, was born Peggy Allen on 17 April 1931 at Stretton House (Southwark Diocesan Maternity Home), Grove Park, London, the daughter of Edith Matilda Allen (b. 1905?). At the time of her birth her mother was working as a housekeeper at ...

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Frowde, James Henry (1831–1899), clown and evangelical preacher, was born on 17 April 1831 at Portsea, Hampshire, the first son of James Frowde (1800–1850) and his first wife, Georgiana Margaretta Hengler (1808–1837), an equestrian performer, the daughter of the circus rope-dancer Henry Michael Hengler...

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James Henry Frowde (1831–1899) by unknown photographer, c. 1870 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum