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Baillie, Robert, of Jerviswood (d. 1684), conspirator, was the son of George Baillie of St John's Kirk, Lanarkshire, of the Lamington Baillies, and the nephew of the covenanter leader, Archibald Johnston of Wariston. Of presbyterian principles, he was, according to his cousin, Gilbert Burnet...

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Robert Baillie of Jerviswood (d. 1684) by unknown artist in a private Scottish collection

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Balfour, John, of Kinloch (fl. 1663–1683), covenanter, was the son of John Balfour (d. c.1652), portioner of Kinloch, in the parish of Collessie, and his wife, Grissel Hay (d. c.1653). Served heir to his grandfather Robert Balfour on 26 February 1663, he was described as a 'broad man' with 'farid dusk brown hair' (...

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Blackadder, William (1647–1696), physician and plotter, was the eldest son of John Blackadder the elder (1615/1623?–1686), and his wife, Janet Haining (d. 1688); Adam Blackadder (b. 1659, d. in or after 1696) and John Blackadder (1664–1729) were among his brothers. Admitted to ...

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Campbell, Sir George, of Cessnock (fl. 1671–1704), conspirator, was the eldest of four sons of Sir Hugh Campbell (d. 1686) and his wife, Elizabeth, younger daughter and coheir of George Campbell, master of Loudoun. In 1665 he married Lady Anna McMurran (McMoran, McMouran)...

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Campbell, Sir Hugh, of Cessnock (d. 1686), covenanter and conspirator, was the son of George Campbell of Cessnock and his first wife, Agnes Cunninghame (d. 1609). At his father's death on 27 May 1630 Hugh inherited land at Cessnock and Galston, and shortly thereafter he was knighted. He married, by a contract dated 14 October 1625, ...

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Cargill, Donald [Daniel] (c. 1627–1681), field preacher and insurgent, was born at the farmhouse of Nether Cloquhat, Perthshire, the son of Lawrence Cargill (d. 1657), smallholder of Nether Cloquhat, and later notary at Rattray, and his wife, Marjory Blair. Initially destined for a career in the law ...

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Cochrane, Sir John (fl. 1662–1695), conspirator, born probably at Ochiltree, Ayrshire, was the second son of Sir William Cochrane, later first earl of Dundonald (1605–1685), and his wife, Eupheme (d. after 1685), daughter of Sir William Scott of Ardross, Fife. He was the brother of ...

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Colville, John (1542?–1605), conspirator and Church of Scotland minister, was born in Scotland, the second son of Robert Colville of Cleish (d. 1560) and Francesca (d. 1591), daughter of Patrick Colquhoun of Drumskeath. He was educated at St Leonard's College, University of St Andrews...

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Douglas, Archibald (c. 1540–c. 1602), conspirator and Church of Scotland minister, was the second son of William Douglas of Whittingham and Janet Matheson; he had an elder brother, also William (d. c.1572). Educated for the priesthood in France, Archibald graduated MA and by June 1562, probably in his early twenties, was parson of ...

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David Walter Ervine (1953–2007) by Ross Wilson, 2008 Ross Wilson / photograph © Alice Burns

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Ervine, David Walter (1953–2007), paramilitary and politician, was born on 21 July 1953 at 11 Chamberlain Street, Belfast, the third son and youngest of the five children of Walter Ervine, engineering worker, and his wife, Elizabeth (Dolly), née Tate. As a boy he attended Sunday school at the local Presbyterian church but gradually drifted away from formal religious observance. He was educated at ...

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Ferguson, Robert (d. 1714), pamphleteer and conspirator, was the son of William Ferguson of Badifurrow in Aberdeenshire. He received a liberal education in his native land, probably at the University of Aberdeen, where in 1650 the name 'Robertus Fergusone Aberdonensis' is entered in the record ( ...

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Simon Fraser, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/88–1747) by William Hogarth, pubd 1746 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fraser, Simon, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/8–1747), Jacobite conspirator, army officer, and outlaw, was the second but first surviving son of Thomas Fraser (1631–1699), sometimes styled 'of Beaufort' (the third son of Hugh Fraser, seventh Lord Lovat), and Sybilla Macleod (d...

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Gordon, Alexander, of Earlston (1650–1726), covenanter and conspirator, was the eldest son of William Gordon of Earlston (1614–1679) and Mary (d. 1697), second daughter of Sir John Hope of Craighall, Fife. He had twelve siblings, most of whom died young with the exception of ...

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Gregg, William (bap. 1673, d. 1708), conspirator, was baptized at Montrose, Scotland, on 4 June 1673, the eldest of fourteen children of William Greige (d. 1701), a shipmaster of Montrose engaged primarily in the Baltic commerce, and his wife, Margaret Marshall. Gregg...

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Hackston [Halkerstoune], David, of Rathillet (d. 1680), covenanter, was a son of James Halkerstoune of Hilcairney. He had one sister and a brother, William, minister of Cleish from about 1678 to 1690. He was entered as heir to his father in March 1670 and is described as a 'tall slender man black harid and black vissaged' (...

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Hamilton, Claud [known as Lord Claud Hamilton], first Lord Paisley (1546?–1621), nobleman and conspirator, was born probably in 1546, the fifth and youngest son of James Hamilton, second earl of Arran and first duke of Châtelherault (d. 1575), and his wife, ...

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Hamilton, James, of Bothwellhaugh (d. 1581x5), assassin, was the eldest son of David Hamilton, 'good man' of Bothwellhaugh (d. 1563), who was descended from the Hamiltons of Orbiston, Lanarkshire. His mother was Janet Hamilton (d. in or before 1539), the natural daughter of the ...